Gazpacho


Gazpacho

Infobox Prepared Food
name = Gazpacho


caption = Gazpacho with blended ingredients
alternate_name =
country = Spain
region = Andalusia
creator =
course = Appetiser
served = Cold
main_ingredient = Tomato
variations = Salmorejo
calories =
other =

Gazpacho is a cold Spanish tomato-based raw vegetable soup, originating in the southern region of Andalusia. Gazpacho is widely consumed throughout Spain, neighboring Portugal (where it is known as gaspacho) and parts of Latin America. Gazpacho is mostly consumed during the summer months, due to its refreshing qualities.

History

It descends from an ancient Andalusian liquid concoction based on a combination of stale bread, garlic, olive oil, salt, and vinegar. [ [http://www.cliffordawright.com/history/gazpacho.html Cliffard A. Wright's facts about Gazpacho] Retrieved 6 July 2007.] Tomato was added to the recipe after it was brought to Europe after the Columbian Exchange which began in 1492.

Ingredients and preparation

In Andalusia, most gazpacho recipes typically include tomato, cucumber, red and green pepper, onion, garlic, soaked stale bread, fresh parsley, olive oil, Sherry Vinegar, chilled water and salt. Some may also include lemon juice and sugar.

The following is a typical method of preparing gazpacho:

# The vegetables are washed and the tomatoes, garlic and onions are peeled.
# All the vegetables and herbs are chopped and put into a large container.
# The soaked bread is then added.
# The contents of the container is then blended until liquid.
# The chilled water, olive oil, vinegar and salt is then added to taste.

Traditionally gazpacho is made by pounding the vegetables using a mortar and pestle. This method is still sometimes favoured as it helps keep the gazpacho cool.

In addition to the blended vegetable ingredients, it is also usually accompanied by different garnishes. These include the same vegetables the soup already contains, chopped up, as well as croutons and chopped hard boiled egg. [ [http://www.andalucia.com/magazine/english/ed3/gazpacho.htm King Gazpacho, Andalucia Magazine.] Retrieved 6 July 2007.] The garnishes are served in separately so the consumer can add them to the soup themselves. Sometimes, ham (e.g. "jamón serrano", "jamón ibérico", etc.) can also be found amongst the garnishes. In Extremadura, gazpacho with local ham is called "gazpacho extremeño". This time, the ham tends to be added to the soup in the kitchen prior to serving (unlike the other garnishes which are added at the table).

Gazpacho may also by served with ice cubes if it has not had enough time to chill before serving.

Variations

Gazpacho recipes can vary greatly in terms of ingredient composition, texture and viscosity. This usually depends on the geographical location as well as family traditions.

Similar cold raw soups such as salmorejo and ajoblanco, are also popular in Andalusia, although not as widespread as gazpacho.

A completely different dish to traditional gazpacho is "gazpacho manchego". As the name implies, it seems to have originated from the Spanish region of La Mancha, but it is also popular in other areas in the center and southwest of the country. Rather than a cold soup, it is a meat stew. The main ingredients are rabbit and flat bread, and may also include mushrooms.

ee also

* Vichyssoise

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • gazpacho — sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Sopa fría de tomate, pimiento, pepino y cebolla triturados y disueltos en agua, a la que se añade aceite, vinagre, sal, ajos y otros condimentos: En Andalucía es típico el gazpacho. 2. Ración de gazpacho:… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Gazpacho — Gazpacho, ein Nationalessen der Spanier, bestehend aus Brod, Gurken, Knoblauch, Piment, Essig, Öl u. Wasser …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • gazpacho — (Quizá del ár. hisp. *gazpáčo, y este del gr. γαζοφυλάκιον, cepillo de la iglesia, por alus. a la diversidad de su contenido, ya que en él se depositaban como limosna monedas, mendrugos y otros objetos). 1. m. Género de sopa fría que se hace… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • gazpacho — [gäs pä′chō, gäzpä′chō] n. [Sp] a Spanish soup made with tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, and onions, chopped up raw with oil, vinegar, etc. and served cold …   English World dictionary

  • Gazpacho — Para otros usos de este término, véase Gazpacho (desambiguación). Ración de gazpacho servido en su clásica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gazpacho — Ein Teller Gazpacho Gazpacho [gaθ patʃo] (Gazpacho andaluz) ist eine spanische kalte Suppe aus ungekochtem Gemüse. Sie stammt aus Andalusien. Die Hauptzutaten sind heute Tomaten, Brot, Paprika, Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gazpacho — /geuh spah choh/; Sp. /gahth pah chaw, gahs /, n. Spanish Cookery. a soup made of chopped tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, garlic, oil, and vinegar, and served cold. [1835 45; < Sp] * * * ▪ food       cold soup of Spanish cuisine, especially that of… …   Universalium

  • Gazpacho — ► sustantivo masculino 1 COCINA Sopa fría preparada con tomate, pimientos, cebolla, aceite, vinagre, sal y otros ingredientes. 2 COCINA Migas de las tortas cocidas. * * * gazpacho (¿del sup. rom. and. «gazpáğo», del sup. «gazpelağo», del lat.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gazpacho — Gaz|pa|cho 〈[gaspạtʃo] m. 6; span. Kochkunst〉 kalt servierte Gemüsesuppe mit Knoblauch * * * Gaz|pa|cho [gas pat̮ʃo ], der; [s], s [span. gazpacho, H. u.] (Kochkunst): 1. kalt angerichtete spanische Gemüsesuppe. 2. als Brotbelag verwendete… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • gazpacho — os. De origen incierto, quizá de la voz prerromana caspa , trozo. (nom. m.) (Muchos sitios) 1. Sopa fría a base de pan migado, tomate, pimiento, pepino y cebolla, que se sazona con aceite, vinagre y sal y se acompaña con sus propios ingredientes… …   Diccionario Jaén-Español


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