Ashland, Kentucky


Ashland, Kentucky

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Ashland
settlement_type = City
motto = A proud past. A bright future.



imagesize =
image_caption = Downtown Ashland, Kentucky


image_

image_shield =


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Ashland, Kentucky


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Kentucky
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Boyd
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = "vacant" (Presiding Commissioner: Kevin Gunderson)
leader_title1 = City Manager
leader_name1 = Steve Corbitt
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
established_title = Settled
established_date = Poage's Landing, 1786
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = Ashland, 1854
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 31.6
area_total_sq_mi = 12.2
area_land_km2 = 28.7
area_land_sq_mi = 11.1
area_water_km2 = 2.9
area_water_sq_mi = 1.1
area_water_percent = 9.18
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2000
population_note =
population_total = 21981
population_density_km2 = 766
population_density_sq_mi = 1984.4
population_metro = 288649
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 38 |latm = 27 |lats = 50 |latNS = N
longd = 082 |longm = 38 |longs = 30 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 168
elevation_ft = 551
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 41101, 41102, 41105
area_code = 606
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 21-02368
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0486092
footnotes =
website = [http://www.ashlandky.org/ http://www.ashlandky.org/]

Ashland is a city in Boyd County, Kentucky, United States, nestled along the banks of the Ohio River. The population was 21,981 at the 2000 census. Ashland is a part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 288,649. Ashland is the second largest city within the MSA, after Huntington. Ashland serves as an important economic and medical center for northeast Kentucky.

History

Ashland dates back to the migration of the Poage family from the Shenandoah Valley via the famed Cumberland Gap in 1786. They settled upon a homestead along the Ohio River and named it Poage's Landing. It remained an extended-family settlement until the mid-1800s. "A history of Ashland, Kentucky, 1854-2004." Ashland Bicentennial Committee. 2004. 2 Jan., 2007.] In 1854, the name of the city was changed to Ashland, after Henry Clay's Lexington estate, and to reflect the city's growing industrial base.

The city's early industrial growth was a result of Ohio's pig iron industry. It was not until 1854, that growth began to occur with the charter of the Kentucky Iron, Coal and Manufacturing Company by the Kentucky General Assembly. Major industrial employers in the first half of the 20th century included the Armco, the Ashland Oil and Refining Company, the C&O Railroad, Allied Chemical and Dye Company's Semet Solvay and Mansbach Steel.

Geography and climate

Ashland distinctly experiences all four seasons, with vivid fall foliage and occasional snow in winter. Average highs are around 88°F in July, the warmest month, and average lows are around 19°F in January, the coolest month. The highest recorded temperature was 105°F in July 1954. The lowest recorded temperature was -25°F in January 1994. Average annual precipitation is 42.8 inches, with the wettest month being July, averaging 4.7 inches.

Ashland is located at coor dms|38|27|50|N|82|38|30|W|city (38.464017, -82.641571).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.6 km² (12.2 mi²). 28.7 km² (11.1 mi²) of it is land and 2.9 km² (1.1 mi²) of it (9.18%) is water.

Demographics

USCensusPop|1870=1459|1880=3280|1890=4195|1900=6800|1910=8688|1920=14729|1930=29074|1940=29537|1950=31131|1980=27064|1990=23622|2000=21981|estimate=21570|estyear=2006
estref= [ cite web |url=http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2006-04-21.csv | title=Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Kentucky | publisher=U.S. Census Bureau | accessdate=2007-06-28]
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 21,981 people, 9,675 households, and 6,192 families residing in the city. The population density was 766.0/km² (1,984.4/mi²). There were 10,763 housing units at an average density of 375.1/km² (971.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.84% White, 2.30% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population.

There were 9,675 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,309, and the median income for a family was $40,131. Males had a median income of $35,362 versus $23,994 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,218. About 14.0% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Ashland is governed by a City Commission and Manager form of government and is best described as a devolved government."ASHLAND POLICE DEPARTMENT." Ashland Police Department. 30 Dec. 2006 [http://www.cji.net/AshlandPD/] .] The City Manager is the chief administrative officer for the city who reports to a Board of Commissioners. Department heads ranging from the police to the sanitation department report to the City Manager. The City Manager is currently Steve Corbitt.

The mayor of Ashland is elected for a four year term and is not term limited. The mayor presides over City Commission meetings, is a voting member of the City Commission and represents the city at major functions. Currently, the office of mayor is vacent due to the resignation of Steve Gilmore. Gilmore resigned to become the superintendent of the Ashland Independent School District. The City Commission has named former Ashland police officer and long time city commissioner Kevin Gunderson Presiding Commissioner until December 31, 2008. As Presiding Commissioner, Gunderson's duties will include those of acting mayor. In addition, the commission appointed former Ashland firefighter Tom Cantrell to the seat on the commission vacated by Gilmore. [http://www.dailyindependent.com/archivesearch/local_story_220234033.html]

Ashland's current City Commissioners are Presiding Commissioner Kevin Gunderson, Tom Cantrell, Larry Brown, Paula Hogsten and Cheryl Spriggs

Two candidates — current Ashland Commissioner Paula Hogsten and former Ashland Police Chief Tom Kelley — are on the ballot for the November 2008 general election for mayor of Ashland. Chris Hammond is also running as a write-in candidate. Because of this, his name will not appear on the ballot.

Law enforcement

In the late-1800s, what is now the Ashland Police Department was organized during the town's reign as Poage's Landing. The first executive officer was a town Marshall and was soon eclipsed by a professional police department.

The city of Ashland currently has 49 sworn officers, three civilian employees that function as administrative support and six parapolice that handle tasks that do not require the services of a sworn officer.

Economy

AK Steel

Formed from the merger between Armco and Kawasaki.

King's Daughters Medical Center

The fourth largest hospital in the state of Kentucky, the 385-bed not-for-profit institution is the city's largest employer at over 3,702 employees."About KDMC." King's Daughters Medical Center. 31 Dec. 2006 [http://www.kdmc.com/content.asp?pkid=34] .] It offers numerous inpatient and outpatient services for the region.

Another hospital, the Ashland Tuberculosis Hospital, was located south of the city and opened in 1950."A history of Ashland, Kentucky, 1786-1954." Ashland Centennial Committee. 1954. 2 Jan., 2007.] It featured 100 beds and served 18 eastern Kentucky counties.

Cityscape

Ashland's central business district extends from 12th Street to 18th Street, and from Carter Avenue to Greenup Avenue. It includes many notable buildings, such as the Paramount Arts Center and the Ashland Bank Building.

Education

There are eight public schools and two private schools in Ashland. All public schools within city limits are operated by the Ashland Independent School District.

Ashland has six public elementary schools, those being [http://www.hager.ashland.k12.ky.us/ Hager Elementary] , [http://www.oakview.ashland.k12.ky.us/ Oakview Elementary] , [http://www.crabbe.ashland.k12.ky.us/default.htm Crabbe Elementary School] , [http://www.poage.ashland.k12.ky.us/ Poage Elementary] , [http://www.hatcher.ashland.k12.ky.us/ Hatcher Elementary] , and [http://www.crussell.ashland.k12.ky.us/ Charles Russell Elementary] .

There is one public middle school, [http://www.verity.ashland.k12.ky.us/ George M. Verity Middle School] , formerly known as Putnam Junior High School. The campus is home to Putnam Stadium which serves as the home field for both the Verity Patriots football and soccer teams, and Ashland Tomcats football. The Ashland Tomcats football program has achieved 11 state championships. The Ashland Tomcats (boys') basketball program have accomplished 1 national championship, 4 state championships, 32 regional championships, and 55 district championships. The Ashland Tomcats and Kittens (girls') soccer teams play at the Ashland Soccer Complex at the high school.

One public high school serves the city of Ashland; Paul G. Blazer High School, named after philanthropist and founder of Ashland Inc., Paul G. Blazer. The high school is home to the Ashland Tomcats and Kittens athletic teams. The school's marching band competes in the AAAA class of the [http://www.kmea.org/ Kentucky Music Educators Association] (KMEA). The marching band is commonly called "The Pride of Blazer" for it's excellent performance in many KMEA marching band competitions.

The two private schools serving the Ashland area are the [http://holyfamilyschool.cdlex.org/ Holy Family School] and the [http://www.rosehillashland.com/page.asp?name=rhcs Rose Hill Christian School] . Holy Family is affiliated with Holy Family Catholic Church and currently offers K-8 education. Rose Hill is affiliated with the Rose Hill Baptist Church and offers K-12. Post-secondary educational opportunities include Ashland Community and Technical College which has multiple campuses within the city. Morehead State University also has a satellite campus located in Ashland.

Culture

Annual cultural events and fairs

*The Festival of Trees occurs at the Paramount Arts Center every winter.
* [http://www.poagelandingdays.com/ Poage Landing Days]
* [http://www.summermotion.com Summer Motion]
* [http://www.WinterWonderlandofLights.com/ Winter Wonderland of Lights]

Historical structures and museums

The Paramount Arts Center, an art-deco converted movie theater built in 1930, is located on Winchester Avenue. The theater serves as an important venue for the arts in eastern Kentucky and the surrounding states of Ohio and West Virginia. It is well noted for its Festival of Trees event during the winter season. In addition, the Paramount was the setting where Billy Ray Cyrus' music video "Achy Breaky Heart" was taped.

Also along Winchester Avenue is the [http://www.highlandsmuseum.com/ Highlands Museum and Discovery Center] . Among its numerous exhibits, includes one about Country Music Heritage that pays tribute to the local music artists that line U.S. Route 23 in Kentucky. Two local artists, The Judds from Ashland, and Billy Ray Cyrus from nearby Flatwoods, are included.

The [http://www.pendletonartcenter.com/ashland_ky.html Pendleton Art Center] is also located within the downtown, formed in 2005. Among the art produced there include paintings, stained glass, carved gourds, and wood carvings produced by local artists. They are presented at the Pendleton the first Friday and Saturday of every month and other times by appointment.

[http://www.jsfbooks.com The Jesse Stuart Foundation] , an organization dedicated to the preservation of the literary legacy of Jesse Stuart and other Appalachian writers, is located within an earshot of the Pendleton Arts Center. Jesse Stuart, a well-known 20th century author, was from nearby Greenup, Kentucky.

Media

Newspaper

Ashland is home to "The Independent", a seven-day morning daily newspaper that covers the city and the surrounding metropolitan area. The newspaper is often called "The Daily Independent" by locals, as this was its former name. One of the paper's claims to fame is the first printing of a supposed image of Jesus in the clouds of Korea in 1951. [ [http://www.snopes.com/photos/natural/jesusclouds.asp] ]

Radio

Television

Ashland residents receive their network television primarily from stations in Huntington and Charleston, West Virginia. In addition, WKYT, the CBS affiliate in Lexington, Kentucky is shown on cable in Ashland when its programming is different from the CBS affiliate in Huntington, WOWK. There are also two television stations licensed to Ashland itself. Those are:

Parks and outdoor attractions

Ashland boasts a 47-acre wooded Central Park, founded in 1854, playgrounds and other amusements. It was bounded between Lexington and Central Avenue, and 17th and 22nd Streets. In 1936, the Works Progress Administration constructed a central road through the park; one year later, a pond was constructed in the southeast quadrant. Twenty years later, after complaints of mosquito problems, the pond was filled in with five feet of dirt and it became a softball practice field.

In the spring of 1995, the pond was excavated and was filled with water by September. The original water lilies that were planned in 1937 had come back in full bloom. A fountain was added in the center and numerous fish species were added. The park today features three separate children playgrounds, several baseball diamonds, a volleyball court and a traditional bandstand. Central Park also hosts an annual holiday light show, the Winter Wonderland of Lights.

In July 1976, a new 10-acre park at the former Clyffeside Park was envisioned. Named after Commissioner Johnny Oliverio, it features several baseball diamonds, and is located along Winchester Avenue near 39th Street.

In 2004, the AK Steel Sports Park was constructed along Blackburn Avenue in South Ashland. The sports-oriented park features several baseball diamonds, soccer fields and a skate park.

Transportation

Air

Located just north of the city in Worthington is the Ashland Regional Airport. This airport is used for general aviation and charter services. The then-named "Ashland-Boyd County Airport" opened in 1953 and featured a 5,600 ft. runway with a 3,000 ft. clearance.

Tri-State Airport, located in nearby Ceredo, West Virginia, provides commercial aviation services for the city.

Rail

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Ashland. The major and only line that Amtrak offers in Ashland is the Cardinal. Amtrak Service is offered at the Ashland Transportation Center, formerly the Chesapeake and Ohio freight depot located at 15th Street near the Ohio River, but it does not have an Amtrak Ticket Counter or QuikTrak Ticket Machine. The former freight depot, constructed in 1906 on the former Aldine Hotel site, [Chappell, Edward A. "A historic preservation plan for Ashland, Kentucky." City of Ashland, Apr. 1978. 2 Jan. 2006.] was an abandoned derelict before being renovated in the late 1990s to serve as a unified transportation hub for the city.

The former Chesapeake and Ohio Railway passenger depot at 11th Street and Carter Avenue, was completed in 1925 but abandoned in the 1970s in favor of a downsized depot in Catlettsburg. The rail lines to the building have since been removed and the building itself now serves as the downtown Ashland branch of National City Bank. Passenger rail service was moved from Catlettsburg to the Ashland Transportation Center in the early 2000s.

Bus

Greyhound Lines is the sole provider of bus transportation out of Ashland. It operates out of the Ashland Transportation Center.

Public transportation

The Ashland Bus System is serviced at the Ashland Transportation Center. The city bus system offers several lines:
*The downtown loop serves the Ashland Transportation Center, post office, Ashland Town Center mall, and Melody Mountain shopping area.
*The crosstown line serves the Ashland Transportation Center, Midtown Shopping Center, South Ashland, and Scope Towers.
*The 13th Street line serves the Ashland Transportation Center, Midtown Shopping Center, and several points in Westwood.
*The 29th Street line serves the Ashland Transportation Center, King's Daughters Medical Center, Deboard Hill, South Ashland, the YMCA, Ashland Community and Technical College, and Midtown Shopping Center.
*The Catlettsburg line serves the Ashland Transportation Center, Scope Towers, downtown Catlettsburg, the Boyd County courthouse complex, Kenova, West Virginia, and downtown Ashland.

Roads

Ashland is served by US 23 and US 60, several state routes, and is in close proximity to US 52 and Interstate 64.

Notable natives

*Allison Anders, film director.
*Lynndie England, born in Ashland. A participant in the Abu Ghraib scandal.
*Paul J. Fannin, a former Governor and Senator from Arizona.
*Jillian Hall is a professional wrestler and a diva who performs for World Wrestling Entertainment.
*The Judds, a country music duo of mother Naomi and daughter Wynonna. The city of Ashland features a public square at 16th Street and Winchester Avenue titled "Judd Plaza".
*Ashley Judd is an actress and daughter of Naomi Judd.
*Although originally from Canton, Georgia, Sonny Landham is an actor and former Kentucky gubernatorial candidate. He currently resides in Ashland.
*Kathleen Maddox, mother of Charles Manson.
*Michele Mahone, television host of Direct Shopping Network.
*Venus Ramey was the first red-haired Miss America in 1944.
*Charlie Reliford an umpire in Major League Baseball.
*Julie Reeves, country music singer.
*Colonel Scott, biological father of Charles Manson.
*Robert Smedley, also known as Bobby Blaze, is a professional wrestler for national and international wrestling organizations including World Championship Wrestling and World Wrestling Entertainment.
*Jean Thomas, proprietress of the American Folk Song Festival in the Ashland area between 1930 and 1972.
*Brandon Webb is a pitcher for Major League Baseball's Arizona Diamondbacks, 2006 National League Cy Young Award winner.
*Chuck Woolery is popular game show host. A street in Central Park, "Chuck Woolery Boulevard", is named after him.

Trivia

*In 1925, a new city hall was erected at the corner of 17th Street and Greenup Avenue.
*The government switched from a councilmanic to a city commissioner-manager form of government in 1950.

References

#Historical populations from, "A history of Ashland, Kentucky, 1786-1954". Ashland Centennial Committee. 1954., and "Ashland City Directory." 1985.

ee also

*List of cities and towns along the Ohio River

External links

* [http://www.ashlandalliance.com/ Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.visitashlandky.com/ Ashland Area Convention & Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.ashlandky.org/ Ashland, Kentucky website]
* [http://www.abandonedonline.com/index.php?catid=361 ARMCO Steel Ashland Works history]


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