Vive, Viva

Vive, Viva

"Vive", "Viva" and "Vivat" are interjections used in the Romance languages. "Vive" in French, "Viva" in Italian, Portuguese and Spanish, and "Vivat" in Latin and Romanian are subjunctive forms of the verb "to live". They literally mean, "live!" (imperative form), and are usually translated to English as "long live". They are often used to salute a person or non-personal entity: "Vive le Québec libre" (from Charles de Gaulle's Vive le Québec libre speech in Montreal), or "Viva il Duce!", the rough equivalent in Fascist Italy of the greeting, "Heil Hitler." Additionally, in monarchical times the king of France would be wished "Vive le Roi!" and the king of Italy "Viva il Re!", both meaning "Long live the King!".

The medieval university Latin anthem De Brevitate Vitae has verses like::"Vivat academia!":"Vivant professores!":"Vivat academia!":"Vivant professores!":"Vivat membrum quodlibet":"Vivant membra quaelibet":"Semper sint in flore."

In Spanish, for plural subjects, it becomes "vivan".Compare "¡Viva el rey!" with "¡Vivan los reyes!".

The Mexican slogan "¡Viva Zapata!" was used to title the 1952 English-language biographical drama film "Viva Zapata!" by Elia Kazan, about Emiliano Zapata. It later inspired the title of 2005 Italian-language documentary film "Viva Zapatero!", by Sabina Guzzanti, referring to José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.

In Italy, the nationalist phrase "Viva Vittorio Emanuele Re d'Italia!" ("Long live Victor Emmanuel king of Italy") was hidden from the Austrian enemy by its acronym "Viva VERDI!", that passed for a praise of the music of Giuseppe Verdi.In Italian graffiti, "viva" is often abbreviated as "W", a letter otherwise foreign to Italian.The opposite concept "abbasso" ("Down with") is abbreviated with a reversed "W".

The use of these terms has increased in non-Latin nations recently; for example, a common greeting regarding the Anglophone city of Las Vegas is "Viva Las Vegas!" One reason may be that West Germanic languages do not have a good equivalent of the term; the closest may be Hail (English)/Heil (German), which understandably has tainted connotations. Nevertheless, Hail still appears in certain previously frozen expressions and usages, to wit: the song Hail to the Chief.

A similar expression is 'Zindabad' used in Urdu and Hindi, it means roughly "Long live" and is used as a patriotic sentiment glorifying leaders and countries e.g. 'Pakistan Zindabad' or 'Musharaff Zindabad'.

On July 25, 2005, upon winning his seventh consecutive Tour de France and subsequently retiring from professional cycling, Lance Armstrong ended his farewell speech with "Vive le Tour, forever."

ee also

*Ten thousand years, translation of a phrase used in many East Asian languages to wish leaders long lives
*Sto lat, a Polish birthday song wishing 100 years, and a similar greeting wish
*Vive le Canada!, a Canadian political blogging group
*Vive le Québec libre!, a famous speech by Charles de Gaulle

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Viva — can refer to:*Vive, Viva, a Romance language expression *Viva Voce, a defense in presenting an academic thesis. Latin: By live voice Arts and Entertainment*Viva (band), an Indian pop band *Viva Records, a defunct American record label *VIVA… …   Wikipedia

  • Vive (disambiguation) — Vive may refer to: *Vive, Viva, a Romance language expression *ViVe Televisión is a state owned Venezuelan television channel …   Wikipedia

  • Vive Henri IV (himno) — Vive Henri IV Información general Himno Nacional de facto (entre 1600 aprox. y 1791; y entre 1815 y 1830) de …   Wikipedia Español

  • vive — (interj.) 1590s (in vive le roi), from French, lit. long live ; French equivalent of VIVA (Cf. viva) (q.v.). Jocular phrase vive la différence in reference to the difference between men and women is recorded from 1963. Also in vive la bagatelle,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Vive la vie ! — Viva la vie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vive la vie (homonymie). Viva la vie est un film français de Claude Lelouch sorti en 1984. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vive Colombia, Viaja por Ella — es un programa de promoción turística del gobierno de Álvaro Uribe, dentro de la política de seguridad democrática, como medida para recuperar la confianza de turistas, debido a que en el transcurso del conflicto armado colombiano, las llamadas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Viva La Vida (chanson) — Viva la Vida Single par Coldplay extrait de l’album Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends Face B Death Will Never Conquer Sortie 25 mai 2008 Durée 4:01 Genre(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Viva FM 104.7 — Localización Lima, Perú Área de radiodifusión Lima Eslogan …   Wikipedia Español

  • Viva Le Famille — (Chinese: 好儿好女) is a Mediacorp TV Channel 8 Singapore Chinese drama serial that revolves aroung a big family that faces many problems which other Singaporean families may also face, such as expenses on giving birth to a child, staying with their… …   Wikipedia

  • Viva la Quinta Brigada (song) — Viva la Quinta Brigada is a version of the Spanish song Viva La Quince Brigada (most often credited as a traditional song) elements of which may pre date the Spanish Civil War although other authorships for the contemporary (Spanish) version are… …   Wikipedia