Personalities from Galicia (modern period)


Personalities from Galicia (modern period)

The following list includes famous people of various nationalities who were born or resided for a significative period of life in Galicia (18th–20th centuries).

A~F

* Roman Abraham, general of the Polish Army, born in Lviv
* Shmuel Agnon, Jewish writer, the founder of modern Israeli Hebrew literature, born in Buchach
* Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, philosopher and logician, born in Ternopil
* Izak Aloni (born Izak Schächter), Polish-Israeli chess master, born in Lviv
* Antin Angelovych, the first Greek-Catholic metropolitan of Lviv (1808-14), born in Hryniv, near Bibrka
* Andrzej Alojzy Ankwicz, Count, Roman-Catholic Archbishop of Lvov (1815-33), and Archbishop of Prague (1833-38), born in Cracow
* Alicia Appleman-Jurman, Jewish American writer, raised from the age of five in Buchach
* Muhammad Asad (born Leopold Weiss), Pakistan's ambassador to UN, born in Lviv
* Nahman Avigad, Israeli archaeologist, born in Zavalov, near Pidhaytsi
* Jacob Avigdor, last Chief Rabbi of Drohobych, born in Tyrawa Wołoska, near Sanok
* Emanuel Ax, Jewish American pianist, born in Lviv
* Baal Shem Tov (Yisroel ben Eliezer), the founder of Hasidism
* Yosef Babad, rabbi and posek, born in Przeworsk
* Kazimierz Feliks Badeni, Count, Minister-President of Austria (1895-97)
* Meir Balaban, historian, born in Lviv
* Adolph Baller, Austrian-American pianist, born in Brody
* Oswald Balzer, historian, born in Khodoriv, near Zidichov
* Stefan Banach, eminent mathematician, born in Cracow
* Stepan Bandera, leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement, born in Uhryniv Staryi, near Kalush
* Iuliu Barasch, physician and writer, born in Brody
* Kazimierz Bartel, Prime Minister of Poland, born in Lviv
* Eugeniusz Baziak, Archbishop of Lvov and Apostolic Administrator of Cracow, born in Ternopil
* Józef Bem Polish general, national hero of Poland and Hungary, born in Tarnów
* Alexander Beliavsky, Ukrainian-Slovenian chess master, born in Lviv
* St. Józef Bilczewski, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Lviv, born in Wilamowice, near Kęty
* Josef Samuel Bloch, Austrian rabbi and deputy, born in Dukla
* Michael Bobrzynski, Governor of Galicia (1908–13), born in Cracow
* Mieczysław Boruta-Spiechowicz, Polish general, born in Rzeszów
* Aleksander Brückner, distinguished Polish slavist and historian of literature, born in Ternopil
* Martin Buber, Jewish philosopher, lived in Lviv
* Solomon Buber, Jewish scholar, born in Lviv
* Nykyta Budka, the first Ukrainian Canadian Greek-Catholic bishop, born in Dobromirka
* Arthur Frank Burns, American economist, born in Stanislavov
* Zvi Hirsch Chajes, Talmudic scholar, born in Brody
* Oscar Chajes, Austrian-American chess master, born in Brody
* Georges Charpak, French physicist (Noble Prize in 1992), born in Dubrovytsia
* Leon Chwistek, painter, logician, philosopher, born in Cracow
* Zbigniew Cybulski, Polish actor, born in Kniaże, near Stanislavov
* Isaac Deutscher, Polish-British political activist and historian, born in Chrzanów
* Józef Dominik, Polish chess master, born in Dobczyce
* Michael Dorfman, Yiddish and Hebrew writer, born in Lviv
* Albin Dunajewski, Roman Catholic Bishop of Cracow and Cardinal, born in Stanislavov
* Arthur Dunkelblum, Belgian chess master, born in Cracow
* Elimelech of Lizhensk, great Hasidic rebbe and tzadik
* Isaac Erter, Hebrew language writer, born in Janischok
* Ida Fink, Israeli writer, born in Zbarazh
* Salo Flohr, Czech-Ukrainian chess master, born in Horodenka
* Jacob Frank, Jewish messianic claimant who combined Judaism and Christianity
* Ivan Franko, Ukrainian writer, born in Nahuevychi, near Drohobych
* Karl Emil Franzos, Austrian writer, born in Chortkiv
* Aleksander Fredro, Polish writer, born in Surochów, near Jaroslav
* Mikhail Fridman, Russian banker of Jewish descent from Lviv
* Filip Friedman, historian, born in Lviv
* Henryk Friedman, chess master from Lviv
* Yisroel Friedman, Hasidic Rebbe of Ruzhin

G~K

* Mordechai Gebirtig, Yiddish poet and songwriter, born in Cracow
* Abraham Gershon of Kitov, Hasidic rabbi of Kitov and Brody, born in Kuty
* Agenor Goluchowski, Count, interior minister of Austria (1859-60)
* Agenor Maria Gołuchowski, Count, foreign affairs minister of Austria-Hungary (1895-1906)
* Maurycy Gottlieb, Jewish painter from Drohobych
* Chaim Gross, Austrian-American sculptor, born in Kolomyia
* Henryk Grossman, Polish-German economist of Jewish descent, born in Cracow
* Artur Grottger, painter, born in Ottyniowice
* Kazimierz Górski, coach of Polish national football (soccer) team, born in Lviv
* Wilhelm Habsburg, Austrian archduke, colonel of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen
* Ben Zion Halberstam (I), Hasidic rabbi
* Chaim Halberstam, Hasidic rabbi
* Naftali Tzvi Halberstam, Hasidic Rebbe of Bobov
* Shlomo Halberstam (I), Hasidic rabbi
* Marian Hemar, poet, born in Lviv
* Zbigniew Herbert, poet, born in Lviv
* Maxim Hermaniuk, the Ukrainian Catholic Archbishop of Winnipeg, born in Nove Selo, near Horodok
* Arthur Hertzberg, Conservative rabbi and prominent Jewish-American scholar and activist, born in Lubaczow
* Tzvi Hirsh of Zidichov, the founder of Zidichov (Hasidic dynasty)
* Jerzy Hoffman, film director, born in Cracow
* Roald Hoffmann, American chemist (Nobel Prize in 1981), born in Zolochiv
* Krystyna Holuj-Radzikowska, chess woman grandmaster, born in Lviv
* Bl. Josaphata Hordashevska, Ukrainian nun, beatified by John Paul II in 2001, born in Lviv
* Moses Horowitz, playwright and actor of Yiddish theatre, born in Stanislavov
* Schmelke Horowitz, rabbi of Nikolsburg in Moravia, born in Chortkiv
* Mieczysław Horszowski, pianist, born in Lviv
* Lubomyr Husar, head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church and Cardinal, born in Lviv
* Abba Hushi, Israeli politician, born in Turka
* Naftali Herz Imber, Jewish poet who wrote the lyrics of Hatikvah, the national anthem of Israel, born in Zolochiv
* Leopold Infeld, physicist, born in Cracow
* Karol Irzykowski, writer, literary critic, theorist of film, and chess player, born in Błaszkowa, near Pilzno
* Vasyl Ivanchuk Ukrainian world class chess player, born in Berezhany
* Alfred Jansa, Austrian Major-General, born in Stanislavov
* Marian Jaworski, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Lviv and Cardinal, born in Lviv
* Max Judd, American chess master, born in Cracow
* Mark Kac, mathematician
* Stepan Kachala, politician and writer, born near Berezhany
* Jaroslav Kacmarcyk, a head of the Lemko-Rusyn Republic (1918-20), born in Binczarowa
* Stefan Kaczmarz, mathematician, born in Lviv
* Tadeusz Kantor, painter, theatre director, born in Wielopole
* Michał Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski, general of the Polish Army, born in Lviv
* Wojciech Kilar, classical and film music composer, born in Lviv
* Moise Kisling, painter, born in Cracow
* Julian Klaczko, Polish-Austrian diplomat
* Józef Klotz, Polish footballer, born in Crakow
* Yevhen Konovalets, Ukrainian politician and military leader, born in Zashkiv near Lviv
* Zenon Kossak, Ukrainian politician and military leader, born in Drohobych
* Ignacy Krasicki, Prince-Bishop of Ermland and Archbishop of Gniezno, born in Dubiecko, near Przemyśl
* Nachman Krochmal, Jewish philosopher, born in Brody
* Solomiya Krushelnytska, Ukrainian opera singer
* Ivan Krypiakevych, Ukrainian historian, born in Lviv
* Volodymyr Kubiyovych, geographer, encyclopedist, politician (Ukrainian Central Committee), born in Neu Sandez
* Jacek Kuroń, leader of the Solidarity movement, born in Lviv

L~O

* Manfred Lachs, Polish diplomat and jurist, born in Stanislavov
* Salo Landau, Dutch chess master, born in Bochnia
* Hersch Lauterpacht, British judge, born in Zhovkva
* Stanisław Jerzy Lec (de Tusch-Letz), writer, born in Lviv
* Stanisław Lem, writer, born in Lviv
* Juliusz Leo, politician and academic, Mayor of Cracow (1904-18), born in Stebnik, near Drohobych
* Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian poet and writer, born in Krehulets, Husiatyn district
* Hirschel Levin, Chief Rabbi at London and Berlin, born in Rzeszów
* Herman Lieberman, politician, born in Drohobych
* Marta Litinskaya-Shul, chess woman grandmaster, born in Lviv
* Roman Longchamps de Bérier, lawyer, the last rector of the Jan Kazimierz University, born in Lviv
* George Stephen Nestor Luckyj, scholar of Ukrainian literature, born in Yanchyn, near Lviv
* Ignacy Łukasiewicz, inventor (petroleum industry)
* Jan Łukasiewicz, logician, born in Lviv
* Oleh Luzhny, football (soccer) player and coach, born in Lviv
* Stanisław Maczek, general of the Polish Army, born in Szczerzec, near Lviv
* Ephraim Zalman Margolis, Talmudic scholar, born in Brody
* Max Margules, meteorologist, born in Brody
* Samuel Hirsch Margulies, Chief Rabbi of Florence, born in Berezhany
* Jan Matejko, painter, born in Cracow
* Stanislaw Mazur, mathematician, born in Lviv
* Józef Mehoffer, painter, born in Ropczyce
* Andriy Melnyk, leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement, born near Drohobych
* Carl Menger, the founder of the Austrian School of Economics, born in Neu Sandez
* Adrian Mikhalchishin, Ukrainian-Slovenian chess master, born in Lviv
* Ludwig von Mises, the foremost representative of the Austrian School of Economics, born in Lviv
* Richard von Mises, a mathematical physicist and statistician, born in Lviv
* Helena Modjeska, actress, born in Cracow
* Ralph Modjeski, engineer, born in Bochnia
* Soma Morgenstern, writer and journalist, born in Budaniv
* Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, the youngest son of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, lived and worked in Lviv
* Andrzej Munk, film director, born in Cracow
* Lewis Bernstein Namier, British politician and historian, born in Wola Okrzejska
* Joseph Saul Nathanson, rabbi and posek, born in Berezhany
* Nikifor (Epifaniusz Drowniak), Ruthenian (Lemko) painter, born in Krynica
* Leopold Okulicki, general, last commander-in-chief of the Home Army, born in Bratucice, near Bochnia
* Menachem Oren (Mieczysław Chwojnik), Polish-Israeli chess master and mathematician
* Władysław Orlicz, mathematician from Okocim
* Bohdan Osadchuk, historian and journalist, born in Kolomyia
* Stanisław Ostrowski, third President of Poland in exile (1972–79), born in Lviv
* Józef Maksymilian Ossoliński, Count, the founder of the Ossolineum, born in Wola Mielecka, near Mielec

P~R

* Jan Parandowski, writer, essayist, and translator, born in Lviv
* Jakub Karol Parnas, biochemist, born in Mokriany, near Drohobych
* Yevhen Petrushevych, President of Western Ukrainian People's Republic, born in Busk
* Pinhas Lavon, Israeli politician, born in Kopychyntsi
* Mykola Plaviuk, President of Ukrainian People's Republic in exile (1989–92), born in Russiv, near Stanislav
* Rudolf Pöch, Austrian anthropologist and ethnologist, born in Ternopil
* Stepan Popel, chess master from Lviv
* Ignatz von Popiel, chess master from Lviv
* Alfred Józef Potocki, Count, Minister-President of Austria (1870–71), born in Łańcut
* Omeljan Pritsak, Ukrainian historian and orientalist, born in Luka near Sambir
* Włodzimierz Puchalski, photographer and film director, born in Mostki Wielkie, near Lviv
* Ivan Pulyui, Ukrainian physicist and inventor, born in Hrymayliv
* Jan Puzyna de Kosielsko, Prince, Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop of Lvov and Bishop of Cracow, Cardinal, born in Gwoździec
* Joseph Ludwig Raabe, Swiss mathematician, born in Brody
* Isidor Isaac Rabi, Austrian-American physicist (Noble Prize in 1944), born in Rymanów
* Karl Radek, Bolshevik politician, born in Lviv
* Samuel Judah Löb Rapoport (Shir), born in Lviv
* Alfred Redl, Austrian counter-intelligence officer, born in Lviv
* Wilhelm Reich, Austrian psychoanalyst, born in Dobrzanica, a village near Peremyshliany
* Joseph Retinger, Polish-Austrian-Mexican-British political adviser, born in Cracow
* Emanuel Ringelblum, Polish Jewish historian, born in Buchach
* Shalom Rokeach, first Rebbe of Belz
* Yehoshua Rokeach, second Rebbe of Belz
* Yissachar Dov Rokeach (I), third Rebbe of Belz
* Aharon Rokeach, fourth Rebbe of Belz
* Oleg Romanishin, chess master, born in Lviv
* Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician, born in Brody
* Erna Rosenstein, painter and poet, born in Lviv
* Henry Roth, American writer, born in Tysmenitz near Stanislavov
* Joseph Roth, Austrian writer of Jewish descent, born in Brody
* Adam Daniel Rotfeld, Polish minister of foreign affairs, born in Peremyshliany
* Tadeusz Rozwadowski, Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Army, born in Babin, near Kalush
* Helena Rubinstein, cosmetics industrialist, born in Cracow
* Jaroslav Rudnyckyj, Ukrainian Canadian linguist, born in Przemyśl

~Z

* Leopold Ritter von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer, born in Lviv
* Manfred Sakel, neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, born in Nadvorna
* Adam Stefan Sapieha, Prince, Archbishop of Cracow and Cardinal, born in Krasiczyn
* Juliusz Schauder, mathematician, born in Lviv
* Heinrich Schenker, music theorist, born in Vyshnivchyk
* Moses Schorr, rabbi, assyriologist and politician, born in Przemyśl
* Bruno Schulz, poet, novelist and painter, born in Drohobych
* Sholom Mordechai Schwadron, Jewish gaon of Berezhany, born in Zolochiv
* Meir Shapiro, Hasidic rabbi and rosh yeshiva
* Markiyan Shashkevych, poet and interpreter, born in Pidlissia near Zolochiv
* Andrey Sheptytsky, Count, the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, born in Prylbychi, near Lviv
* Clement Sheptytsky, Count, the Archimandrite of the Studite monks, born in Prylbychi, near Lviv
* Stanisław Sheptytsky, Count, general of the Polish Army, born in Prylbychi, near Lviv
* Roman Shukhevych, the supreme commander of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, born in Krakovets, near Yavoriv
* Władysław Sikorski, general, Prime Minister of Poland and commander-in-chief of the Polish Armed Forces (1939–43), born in Tuszów Narodowy
* Stanisław Skrowaczewski, conductor, born in Lviv
* Josyf Slipyj, head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, born in of Zazdrist, near Ternopil
* Edward Rydz-Śmigły, Polish marshal and commander-in-chief, born in Berezhany
* Stanisław Sosabowski, general, commander of the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade, born in Stanislavov
* Jerzy Sosnowski, major, Polish spy in Germany (1926-34) as Georg von Sosnowski, Ritter von Nalecz, born in Lviv
* Nissan Spivak, Jewish cantor and composer from Belz
* Vasyl Stefanyk, writer, born in Rusiv, near Kuty
* Hugo Steinhaus, mathematician, born in Jasło
* Yaroslav Stetsko, leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement, born in Ternopil
* Slava Stetsko, leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement, born in Romanivka, near Ternopil
* Lee Strasberg, Jewish American director, actor and producer, born in Budaniv
* Julian Stryjkowski, writer, born in Stryj
* Franciszek Sulik, chess master, born in Lviv
* Jan Szczepanik, inventor, born in Rudniki, near Mostyska
* Józef Teodorowicz, Archbishop of Lviv (Armenian rite)
* Metodyj Trochanovskij, Lemko activist, born in Binczarowa
* Naftali Herz Tur-Sinai, Hebrew scholar, born in Lviv
* Adam Ulam, historian, born in Lviv
* Stanisław Ulam, mathematician, co-inventor of the H-bomb, born in Lviv
* Anatole Vakhnianyn, Ukrainian politician and composer, born near Przemyśl
* Bl. Vasyl Velychkovsky, Ukrainian bishop, body found incorrupt, beatified by John Paul II, born in Stanislav
* Mykhailo Verbytsky, composer of the present National Anthem of Ukraine, born in Jawornik Ruski, near Bircza
* Dmytro Vitovsky, Ukrainian politician and military leader, born in Medukha
* Stepan Vytvytskyi, President of Ukrainian People's Republic in exile (1954–65), born near Stanislav
* Dov Berish Weidenfeld, Chief Rabbi of Tchebin (Trzebinia)
* Rudolf Weigl, biologist, lived in Lviv
* Friedrich Weinreb, Jewish philosopher, born in Lviv
* Shevah Weiss, Israeli politician, born in Boryslav
* Simon Wiesenthal, hunter of Nazis, born in Buchach
* Billy Wilder, Austrian-American film director, born in Sucha Beskidzka
* Karol Wojtyła, John Paul II, Archbishop of Cracow, and Pope (1978–2005), born in Wadowice
* Stanisław Wyspiański, poet and painter, born in Cracow
* Volodymyr Yaniv, professor of the Ukrainian Catholic University in Rome, born in Lviv
* Daniel Yanofsky, Canadian chess master, born in Brody
* Grigory Yavlinsky Russian politician, born in Lviv
* Gabriela Zapolska, novelist and actress, born in Pidhaytsi
* Casimir Zeglen, inventor, born near Ternopil
* Israel Zolli, Chief Rabbi of Rome who converted to Roman Catholicism, born in Brody


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