Charles III, Prince of Monaco

Charles III, Prince of Monaco
Charles III
Prince of Monaco
Reign 20 June 1856 - 10 September 1889
(&1000000000000003300000033 years, &1000000000000008200000082 days)
Predecessor Florestan I
Successor Albert I
Spouse Antoinette de Mérode
Issue
Albert I, Prince of Monaco
House House of Grimaldi
Father Florestan I of Monaco
Mother Maria Caroline Gibert de Lametz
Born 8 December 1818(1818-12-08)
Paris, France
Died 10 September 1889(1889-09-10) (aged 70)
Château de Marchais
Burial Saint Nicholas Cathedral
Monaco-Ville, Monaco

Charles III (8 December 1818 – 10 September 1889) was Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois from 20 June 1856 to his death. He was the founder of the famous casino in Monte Carlo, as his title in Monegasque and Italian was Carlo III.[1]

Contents

Birth

He was born in Paris Charles Honoré Grimaldi, the only son of Florestan I of Monaco and Maria Caroline Gibert de Lametz.

Marriage and reign

Charles was married on 28 September 1846 in Brussels to Antoinette de Mérode-Westerloo. He was succeeded by his son Albert I of Monaco. During his reign, the towns of Menton and Roquebrune, constituting some 80 percent of Monegasque territory, were formally ceded to France, paving the way for formal French recognition of Monaco's independence.

Under Charles III, the Principality of Monaco increased its diplomatic activities; for example, in 1864, Charles III concluded a Treaty of Friendship with the Bey of Tunis, Muhammad III as-Sadiq, which also regulated trade and maritime issues.

Honours

He was the 182nd Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword.

Monte Carlo is named after Charles III. It stands for the "Mount Charles" in Italian.

Death

In his middle years his sight greatly weakened, and by the last decade of his life he had become almost totally blind. He died at Château de Marchais.

Ancestry

References

Charles III, Prince of Monaco
Cadet branch of the House of Matignon
Born: 8 December 1818 Died: 10 September 1889
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Florestan I
Prince of Monaco
1856–1889
Succeeded by
Albert I
Monegasque royalty
Preceded by
Florestan I
Hereditary Prince of Monaco
1841–1856
Succeeded by
Albert I
Marquis of Baux
1841–1856
Titles of nobility
Preceded by
Florestan I
Duke of Valentinois
1856–1889
Succeeded by
Albert I



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