IND Crosstown Line


IND Crosstown Line

The Crosstown Line or Brooklyn–Queens Crosstown Line is a rapid transit line of the B Division of the New York City Subway in Brooklyn and Queens, New York City, United States. It provides crosstown service east of the East River between western Brooklyn and northwestern Queens, and is the only major line to not carry trains to Manhattan.

Extent and service

The only service to use the Crosstown Line is the lime green G. During rush hours and middays, no trains run over the line north of Court Square. At other times, the G service continues north along the local tracks of the IND Queens Boulevard Line, terminating at Forest Hills–71st Avenue.

The north end of the Crosstown Line is a flying junction with the IND Queens Boulevard Line and 60th Street Tunnel Connection just south of Queens Plaza. The line then travels south as a two-track line, except for a center relay track south of Court Square. At the turn from Marcy Avenue to Lafayette Avenue, two center tracks appear, merging into one after crossovers to the main tracks. These tracks were to be used for a split to another line in a 1931 expansion plan. This center track continues through Bedford–Nostrand Avenues and then ends with crossovers to the main tracks, but space remains in the center at least through Classon Avenue for the third track.

At Hoyt–Schermerhorn Street, the Crosstown Line comes passes through the middle of the four-track IND Fulton Street Line. Cross-platform transfers are available between the lines, but no track connections exist. After Hoyt–Schermerhorn Street, the line turns south and ends as a merge into the local tracks of the IND Culver Line, just south of the split of that line into local and express tracks.

History

Plans for a crosstown line from the Queensboro Bridge under Jackson Avenue, Manhattan Avenue, Roebling Street, Bedford Avenue, and Hancock Street to Franklin Avenue at the north end of the BMT Franklin Avenue Line [Transit Commission, [http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/new_subways_ind_proposal.html New Subways: Proposed Additions to Rapid Transit System] , 1922] were adopted by the city in 1923, [New York Times, [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70B10F7345416738DDDAD0894D0405B838EF1D3 Two Subway Routes Adopted by City] , August 4, 1923, page 9] but, the following year, Mayor Hylan decided to oppose it. [New York Times, [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F2071FF6355812738DDDAF0894DC405B848EF1D3 Hylan About Faced, Says Citizens Union] , April 6, 1924, page 13] Eventually the line was moved and incorporated into the city's Independent Subway System.

On August 19, 1933, the line was opened north of Nassau Avenue, and the GG began operations to Queens Plaza. The Crosstown Line was completed to the IND Culver Line on July 1, 1937, and the GG was extended in both directions to Smith–Ninth Streets and Forest Hills–71st Avenue. On December 16, 2001, the 63rd Street Connection opened. Since then, G trains (renamed from GG in 1986) have terminated at Court Square during midday and rush hours (replaced by the V service beyond to Forest Hills).

tation listing

Every station is served by the G train. Its northern terminus is at Court Square weekdays from 6:30 to 22:00. Other times, it is extended to Forest Hills–71st Avenue.

NYCS service legend
alltimes = show
allexceptnights = show
nightsweekends = show
weekdaysonly = show
rushpeak = show

References

External links

* [http://nycsubway.org/ind/crosstown/ nycsubway.org - IND Brooklyn/Queens Crosstown Line]


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