Claude Lecourbe

Claude Lecourbe
Général CLAUDE Jacques LECOURBE (1759-1815).jpg

Claude Jacques Lecourbe (22 February 1759 – 22 October 1815), born in Besançon, was a French general during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars.

After having studied at a college in Poligny and in Lons-le-Saunier, he enlisted in the Regiment of Aquitaine where he served for eight years as an enlisted man. Having been promoted to corporal when the French Revolution started he became commandant of the National Guard of Ruffey-sur-Seille in 1789. He was then given command of the 7th volunteer battalion of the Jura, with which he served in the armies of the Rhine and the Nord. Having been promoted to colonel in 1791 Lecourbe distinguished himself in the battle of Fleurus. Having been promoted to brigade general in 1794 and to divisional general in 1798, he fought against Alexander Suvorov in Switzerland and distinguished himself in the Second Battle of Zurich under André Masséna.

Lecourbe's friendship with Jean-Victor Moreau and his vocal defense of Moreau in the process Georges Cadoudal brought on the enmity of Napoleon Bonaparte which forced his retirement in 1805. After Napoleon's abdication he was made a count by Louis XVIII of France. The count of Artois recalled Lecourbe to active duty in February 1815 and made him inspector-general of the 6th military Division with headquarters in Besançon.

Upon Napoleon's return from exile on Elba, Lecourbe offered him his services and during the Hundred Days he commanded the Army of the Jura (I Corps of Observation), operating in the Jura against Archduke Ferdinand. With an army of only 8,000 he held the city of Belfort for 15 days against the 40,000 Austrian troops of General Colloredo-Mansfeld, only agreeing a ceasefire on 11 July 1815, a feat which earned him a place of honour in French schoolbooks. After Louis's second return to the throne, Lecourbe retired and on 22 October 1815 he died in Belfort after a long illness.

A statue commemorating him stands in the Place de la Liberté in Lons-le-Saunier, where a street is also named after him. Streets named in his honour can also be found in Paris and in Besançon. In Belfort a statue commemorates him as "The glorious defender of the city".


  • Baradel, Y., et al. (1985). Histoire de Belfort. Roanne le Coteau: Horvath 1985. (p. 207ff).
  • Mullié, C. (1851). Biographie des célébrités militaires des armées de terre et de mer de 1789 à 1850. Paris: Poignavant

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno — Claude Victor Perrin Claude Victor Perrin, Marshal of France Born 7 December 1764( …   Wikipedia

  • Claude Antoine, comte Prieur-Duvernois — Engraving of Claude Antoine by Emile Giroux Claude Antoine, comte Prieur Duvernois, commonly known as Prieur de la Côte d Or after his native département, to distinguish him from Pierre Louis Prieur (2 December 1763 11 August 1832), was a French… …   Wikipedia

  • Claude-Jacques Lecourbe — Naissance 22 février 1759 Besançon Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude-Joseph Lecourbe — Claude Jacques Lecourbe Claude Jacques Lecourbe Naissance 22 février 1759 Besançon Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LECOURBE (C. J.) — LECOURBE CLAUDE JACQUES (1758 1815) Né à Besançon, fils naturel légitimé d’un officier de cavalerie, engagé volontaire de 1777 à 1785 (il sert aux Baléares pendant la guerre d’Amérique), Lecourbe reprend du service en 1789 dans la garde nationale …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lecourbe — (spr. Lekurb), Claude Joseph, geb. 1760 in Lons le Saulnier, nahm Kriegsdienste u. zeichnete sich bei der Rhein u. Nordarmee, später bei anderen Armeen aus, so daß er bald zum Brigadegeneral stieg; er wurde 1795 Divisionsgeneral u. erhielt 1799… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lecourbe — General Graf Claude Jacques Lecourbe (auch: Claude Joseph L.) (* 22. Februar 1759 in Ruffey sur Seille; † 22. Oktober 1815 in Belfort) war ein französischer General. General Claude Jacques Lecourbe Lecourbe studierte zunächst an den Kollegien in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Jacques Lecourbe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lecourbe. Claude Jacques Lecourbe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude-Jacques Lecourbe — General Claude Jacques Lecourbe Graf Claude Jacques Lecourbe (auch: Claude Joseph L.) (* 22. Februar 1759 in Ruffey sur Seille; † 22. Oktober 1815 in Belfort) war ein französischer General. Lecourbe studierte zunächst an den Kollegien in Poligny… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lecourbe — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Claude Jacques Lecourbe (1759 1815 ), général français de la Révolution française et de la période des Cent Jours Dans le 15e arrondissement de Paris,… …   Wikipédia en Français