- Wabanaki Confederacy
The "Waponahkiyik", known in English as the Wabanaki Confederacy, is a historical confederacy located in the
Wabanaki(Dawnland) area, now called New England(particularly Maine, Vermontand New Hampshire) and the Canadian Maritimes(particularly Nova Scotiaand New Brunswick.)Fact|date=September 2007
Members of the Wabanaki Confederacy—the Wabanaki peoples, or simply the Wabanakis—consisted of five Algonquian tribes:
* "Míkmaq" (
* "Penawapskewi" (
* "Pestomuhkati" (
* "Wolastoqiyik" (
Maliseetor Malicite)and were closely allied with the Innuand Algonquin, and with the Iroquoian-speaking Wyandot. With the 1749 treaty, Great Britainjoined the Wabanaki Confederacy.Fact|date=September 2007
The Wabanaki Confederacy disbanded in 1862, but the five Wabanaki nations still exist, and they remain friends and allies today.
"Wabanaki Confederacy" in various indigenous languages
The term "Wabanaki Confederacy" in many
Algonquian languagesliterally means "Dawn Land People." Wabanaki Confederacy can be translated into Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, Abenaki-Penobscot, Algonquin, Anishinaabe, Odawa, and Potawatomi as:
* [http://www.native-languages.org/wabanaki.htm Native Languages of the Americas: Wabanaki Confederacy]
* [http://abbemuseum.org/Timeline%20Curriculum/Table%20of%20Contents.html “Wabanaki People—A Story of Cultural Continuity”] , timeline curriculum unit developed by the
* [http://www.wabanaki.com/Harald_Prins.htm Storm Clouds Over Wabanakiak Confederacy Diplomacy Until Dummer's Treaty (1727)] by Dr. Harald E. L. Prins
* [http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/9118/gkis.html Miingignoti-Keteaoag] —a partnership committed to maintaining the integrity and way of life of the Wabanaki Nations
* McBride, Bunny. (2001) "Women of the Dawn"
* Mead, Alice. (1996) "Giants of the Dawnland: Eight ancient Wabanaki legends"
* Prins, Harald E.L. “The Crooked Path of Dummer's Treaty: Anglo-Wabanaki Diplomacy and the Quest for Aboriginal Rights.” "Papers of the Thirty-Third Algonquian Conference." H.C. Wolfart, ed. Winnipeg; U Manitoba Press (2002): 360-378
* Walker, Willard. “The Wabanaki Confederacy.” "Maine History" 37 (3) (1998): 100-139
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