- Battle of La Mesa
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of La Mesa
January 9, 1847
United States of America
Robert F. Stockton Stephen Watts Kearny
José Mariá Flores
strength1=U.S. naval and army forces
457 sailors, marines
casualties1= 1 killed, 5 wounded
casualties2= 15 killed, 25 wounded
The Battle of La Mesa occurred on
January 9, 1847, in present-day Vernon, California, the day after the Battle of Rio San Gabriel. At La Mesa, the outgunned and vastly outnumbered Californios killed one American and wounded five others in the force commanded jointly by Commodore Robert F. Stocktonand General Stephen Watts Kearny. The American force was largely on foot but had rifles, while the Californios fought on horseback with only lances. In the battle, the Californios suffered 15 dead and 25 wounded. After a day of charging and outflanking the American soldiers, the Californios fell back in exhaustion and camped at present-day Pasadena, ceding Los Angeles to Stockton's forces.
The battle was the last armed resistance to the American advance in California, and General
José Mariá Floresreturned to Mexico. The conquest and annexation of Alta Californiawas settled with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuengaby US Army Lieutenant-Colonel John C. Frémontand Californio General Andres Picoon January 13, 1847. Many historians now agree that the final surrender of the Califorios was brought about by the unscrupulous American military strategy of gathering up hundreds of California natives, the wives, children and relatives of the Californios, as hostagesFact|date=November 2007.
List of conflicts in the United States
Battles of the Mexican-American War
Bancroft, Hubert Howe (1882). The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. San Francisco: A.L. Bancroft & Co. ISBN 2539133.
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