- Galena, Kansas
official_name = Galena, Kansas
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Downtown Galena
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Galena, Kansas
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cherokee
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 11.9
area_land_km2 = 11.8
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 4.6
area_land_sq_mi = 4.6
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 3287
population_density_km2 = 278.7
population_density_sq_mi = 721.9
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 275
elevation_ft = 902
latd = 37 |latm = 4 |lats = 28 |latNS = N
longd = 94 |longm = 38 |longs = 8 |longEW = W
Galena is a city in Cherokee County,
Kansas, United States. The city was named after the lead ore galenafound here in 1877. The city was part of the tri state mining area and had over 30,000 inhabitants. After the closing the mines in the 1970s population decreased. The population was 3,287 at the 2000 census.
Galena is the eastern end of the segment of
U.S. Route 66that passes through Kansas.
The Jayhawk Ordnance Works northwest of Galena, built during
World War II, was a large ordnanceplant producing ammonium nitrate. After the war it was privatized by its operator Kenneth Aldred Spencerand at one point was the world's largest producer of ammonium nitrate fertilizerin the world. It would form the basis for the Spencer Chemical Company's fortune which would eventually be funneled into numerous philanthropies throughout Missouri and Kansas. The Spencer family had been in the area because of their ownership of the Pittsburg and Midway Coal Co. mining operation. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,793111,00.html Jayhawk Goes Civilian - Time Magazine - June 17, 1946] ] The plant is still in operation as the Jayhawk Fine Chemicals Corporation.
Galena is located at coor dms|37|4|28|N|94|38|8|W|city (37.074459, -94.635549)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (11.9 km²), of which, 4.6 square miles (11.8 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.09%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 3,287 people, 1,290 households, and 868 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 721.9 people per square mile (278.9/km²). There were 1,471 housing units at an average density of 323.1/sq mi (124.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.38% White, 0.76% African American, 5.90% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.88% from other races, and 3.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.79% of the population.
There were 1,290 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,401, and the median income for a family was $30,595. Males had a median income of $27,101 versus $17,865 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $12,172. About 18.5% of families and 23.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.2% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.
In the Media
* Galena is home to the
International HarvesterL-170 truck that became the inspiration [cite news | first=Michael | last=Wallis | coauthors= Suzanne Fitzgerald Wallis | title=The Art of Cars | date= | publisher=Chronicle Books | url = | work = | pages =4 | accessdate = | language = | ] for the character "Mater" in Disney's "Cars". The truck sits at 119 N. Main St. by the "Four Women on the Route" diner and souvenir store. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title= Galena Celebrates Route 66's 80th Birthday | date= | publisher=Wordpress | url =http://route66tvonline.homestead.com/GALENAPARTYpage.html | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-18 | language = ]
* In the book
The Grapes of Wrath, the characters Sairy and Ivy Wilson came from Galena.
* [http://skyways.lib.ks.us/counties/CK/ Cherokee County, KS - Blue Skyways]
* [http://www.legendsofamerica.com/OZ-Galena.html History of Mining in Galena]
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