- HIV/AIDS in Russia
As of 2008, the HIV epidemic in
Russiacontinues to grow, but at a slower pace than in the late 1990s, according to a report by UNAIDS. At the end of December 2007, the number of registered HIV cases in Russia was 416,113, with 42,770 new registered cases that year. The actual number of people living with HIV in Russia is estimated to be about 940,000. [http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2008/jc1529_epibriefs_eeurope_casia_en.pdf Eastern Europe and Central Asia AIDS epidemic update] UNAIDSRetrieved on May 3, 2008] In 2007, 83% of HIV infections in Russia were registered among injecting drug users, 6% among sex workers, and 5% among prisoners. [ [http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2008/russia_2008_country_progress_report_en.pdf UNAIDS Russia] UNAIDSRetrieved on July 11, 2008] However, there is clear evidence of a significant rise in heterosexualtransmission. In 2007, 93.19% of adults and children with advanced HIV infection were receiving antiretroviral therapy. [http://www.unaids.org/en/CountryResponses/Countries/russian_federation.asp UNAIDS: Russian Federation] UNAIDSRetrieved on March 15, 2008]
The Russian Federation has demonstrated a high-level commitment in response to the AIDS epidemic. In April 2006, the State Council met with the
Russian Presidentto set goals for developing a strategy for responding to AIDS; improving coordination, through the creation of a high-level multisectoral governmental commission on AIDS; and establishing a unified monitoring and evaluation system. A new Federal AIDS Program for 2007 - 2011 was also developed and adopted. Federal fundingfor the national AIDS response in 2006 had increased more than twentyfold compared to 2005, and the 2007 budget doubled that of 2006, adding to the already substantial funds provided by the main donor organizations.
Coordination of activities in responding to AIDS remains a challenge for Russia, despite increased efforts. In 2006, treatment for some patients was interrupted due to delays in tender procedures and unexpected difficulties with customs. Additionally, lack of full commitment to an in-depth program for education on sex and drugs in schools hinders effective prevention programs for children.
* [http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2008/russia_2008_country_progress_report_en.pdf 2008 UNAIDS Russia report]
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