Georg Henrik von Wright


Georg Henrik von Wright

Georg Henrik von Wright (pronounced, roughly, "fon vrikt", IPA: [je:ɔrj hɛn:rik fɔn-vrik:t] ,) (June 14, 1916 – June 16, 2003) was a Finnish philosopher, who succeeded Ludwig Wittgenstein as professor at the University of Cambridge. He published in English, Finnish, German, and in his mother tongue Swedish.

Von Wright's writings come under two broad categories. The first is analytic philosophy and philosophical logic in the Anglo-American vein. His 1951 books, "An Essay in Modal Logic" and "Deontic Logic", were landmarks in the postwar rise of formal modal logic and its deontic version. He was an authority on Wittgenstein, editing his later works. He was the leading figure in the Finnish philosophy of his time, specializing in philosophical logic, analysis, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and the close study of Charles Peirce.

The other vein in von Wright's writings is moralist and pessimist. During the last twenty years of his life, under the influence of Oswald Spengler, Jurgen Habermas and the Frankfurt school's reflections about modern Rationality, he wrote prolifically. His best known article from this period is titled "The Myth of Progress", and it questions whether our apparent material and technological progress can really be considered progress.

Works

*"The Logical Problem of Induction", PhD thesis, 31 May 1941
*"Den logiska empirismen" (Logical Empirism), in Swedish, 1945
*"Über Wahrscheinlichkeit" (On Chance), in German, 1945
*"An Essay in Modal Logic", 1951
*"A Treatise on Induction and Probability", 1951
*"Deontic Logic", 1951
*"Tanke och förkunnelse" (Thought and Preaching), in Swedish, 1955
*"Logical Studies", 1957
*"Logik, filosofi och språk" (Logic, philosophy and language), in Swedish, 1957
*"The Varieties of Goodness", 1963. (1958-60 Gifford Lectures in the University of St. Andrews, [http://www.giffordlectures.org/Browse.asp?PubID=TPVARG&
] ) He considered this his best and most personal work.
*"Norm and Action", 1963 (1958-60 Gifford Lectures, St. Andrews, [http://www.giffordlectures.org/Browse.asp?PubID=TPNORM&
] )
*"The Logic of Preference", 1963
*"Essay om naturen, människan och den vetenskaplig-tekniska revolutionen" (Essay on Nature, Man and the Scientific-Technological Revolution), in Swedish, 1963
*"An Essay in Deontic Logic", 1968
*"Time, Change and Contradiction", 1969
*"Tieteen filosofian kaksi perinnettä" (The Two Traditions of the Philosophy of Science), in Finnish, 1970
*"Explanation and Understanding", 1971
*"Causality and Determinism", 1974
*"Handlung, Norm und Intention" (Action, Norm and Intention), in German, 1977
*"Humanismen som livshållning" (Humanism as an approach to Life), in Swedish, 1978
*"Freedom and Determination", 1980
*"Wittgenstein", 1982
*"Philosophical Papers I-III", 1983-1984
*"Filosofisia tutkielmia" (Philosophical Dissertations), in Finnish, 1985
*"Vetenskapen och förnuftet" (Science and Reason), in Swedish, 1986
*"Minervan Pöllö" (The Owl of Minerva), in Finnish, 1991
*"Myten om framsteget" (The Myth of Progress), in Swedish, 1993
*"The Tree of Knowledge", 1993
*"Att förstå sin samtid" (To Understand one's own Time), in Swedish, 1994
*"Six Essays in Philosophical Logic", 1996
*"Viimeisistä ajoista. Ajatusleikki" (On the End Times. A Thought Experiment.), in Finnish, 1997
*"Logiikka ja humanismi" ("Logic and Humanism"), in Finnish, 1998
*"In the Shadow of Descartes", 1998
*"Mitt liv som jag minns det" (My Life as I Remember it), in Swedish, 2001

Works by Wittgenstein von Wright helped edit, published by Blackwell unless otherwise stated:
* 1961. "Notebooks 1914-1916".
* 1967. "Zettel".
* 1969. "On Certainty".
* 1971. "ProtoTractatus -- An Early Version of Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus". Cornell University Press.
* 1973. "Letters to C.K. Ogden with Comments on the English Translation of the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus".
* 1974. "Letters to Russell, Keynes and Moore".
* 1978 (1956). "Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics".
* 1980. "Remarks on the Philosophy of Psychology. Vols 1,2".
* 1980. "Culture and Value".
* 1982. "Last Writings on the Philosophy of Psychology, Vol. 1". "Vol. 2", 1992.


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  • Georg Henrik Von Wright — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wright. Georg Henrik von Wright (1916 2003) est un philosophe finlandais de langue suédoise, élève d Eino Kaila, et successeur de Ludwig Wittgenstein à la chaire de philosophie de l Université de Cambridge de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georg henrik von wright — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wright. Georg Henrik von Wright (1916 2003) est un philosophe finlandais de langue suédoise, élève d Eino Kaila, et successeur de Ludwig Wittgenstein à la chaire de philosophie de l Université de Cambridge de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georg Henrik von Wright — Nacimiento 14 de junio 1916 Helsinki Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Georg Henrik von Wright — Haus von Georg Henrik von Wright Georg Henrik von Wright [fɔnˈvrikt] (* 14. Juni 1916 in Helsinki; † 16. Juni 2003 ebenda) war ein finnischer Philosoph und Logiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georg Henrik von Wright — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wright. Georg Henrik von Wright (1916 2003) est un philosophe finlandais de langue suédoise, élève d Eino Kaila, et successeur de Ludwig Wittgenstein à la chaire de philosophie de l Université de Cambridge de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferdinand von Wright — Ferdinand von Wright. Ferdinand von Wright (* 19. März 1822 in Haminalahti bei Kuopio, Finnland; † 31. Juli 1906 in Kuopio) war ein finnischer Maler und Grafiker. Leben Wie auch seine beiden älter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wright (Familienname) — Wright ist ein englischer Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Das englische Wort wright bedeutet so viel wie „Handwerker“, in Zusammensetzungen meist als „ macher“ oder „ bauer“ (z. B. Schiffbauer) übersetzt. Bekannte Namensträger… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georg Meggle — (* 1944 in Kempten/Allgäu) ist ein deutscher Philosoph. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Wirken 3 Quellen 4 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georg Meggle — (Kempten/Allgäu, Alemania) es un filósofo alemán. Estudió Filosofía en la Universidad Ludwig Maximillian de Múnich bajo el asesoramiento y conducción de Wolfgang Stegmüller. Prosiguió sus estudios de maestría en filosofía, lógica y lingüística en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wright — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Wright est un mot anglais archaïque venant du vieil anglais wryhta or wyrhta , signifiant travailleur ou fabricant. Il est devenu un nom de famille très… …   Wikipédia en Français


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