Shmuel Yanai


Shmuel Yanai

Shmuel "Samek" Yanai ( _he. שמואל "סמק" ינאי, born 1921) is a former Israeli naval commander and today chair of the Atlit Museum of Illegal Immigration.

Biography

Born Shmuel Poznanski in Warsaw, he came to Mandate Palestine, by himself as a fourteen year old, in 1935. He studied at the Technion — Israel Institute of Technology and settled in kibbutz Neve Eitan in the Beit She'an Valley

Military career

In 1941, Yanai joined the Palmach, and in 1943, he entered their naval Group. The Naval Group grew, and towards the end of World War II became the Palmach's 10th Company, or the Palyam. When the Palmach was organized into battalions, the Palyam was attached to the Palmach's Staff Battalion (the 4th Battalion).

Samek served in Company 'A', and was commander of two "illegal" ships, [cite book |last=Kaniuk |first=Yoram |title='Commander of the Exodus |year=1999 |publisher=Grove Press, New York|isbn=0-8021-1664-7 |pages=p. 143 ] . The escorts remained with them during the first deportation phase and escaped the detention camp with the help of 'Mossad for Aliyah Bet'.

From 1947 until the Israel Independence, he served as commander of Palyam as commander of the first Israeli Navy Flotilla, composed out of four illegal ships. On March 17 1948 the Naval Service (precursor of the Israeli Sea Corps) was established and the Palyam members were ordered to join it.

In 1956, during Operation Kadesh in the Suez Crisis, Yanai captured the Egyptian destroyer 'Ibrahim el Haol' ("Ibraim El H’awell"), which became the IDF ship 'Haifa'.

Civilian career

After leaving the Navy, he built houses in Eilat, and fished in the Red Sea.

He is today chairman of the [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Immigration/atlit.html Atlit Museum of Illegal Immigration] . He writes his memoirs, publishes books about Palyam (stories of the boats and the members, written in Hebrew and English) and organizes meetings of the veterans of Palmach Navy and Aliyah Bet.

References

External links

* [http://www.palmach.org.il/show_item.asp?itemId=8096&levelId=42798&itemType=0 The Palmach and The Palmach Museum] Official site of Palmach and Palmach Museum in Tel Aviv
* [http://www.palyam.org/Pal-Yam Palyam] Official site of Palyam (mainly Hebrew, but English section)
* [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull&cid=1143498756725 Jerusalem Post article: Grapevine: Honoring the past by celebrating in the present]
* [http://www.paulsilverstone.com/immigration/Primary/index.html Aliyah Bet Voyages] Aliyah Bet Voyages, part of the Aliyah Bet Project, includes pictures and details of the boats of Aliyah Bet, ports of origin, dates of sailing, dates of arrival in Palestine and the number of immigrants on board. The page entitled List #2 1945 -1948, includes details of both boats, the Haviva Reik and the Henrietta Szold, commanded by Shmuel Yanai
* [http://www.dariendilemma.com/eng/people/other The Darien Dilemma, People in the Film]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Palyam — ( he. פלי ם, an abbreviation of Plugat HaYam ( he. פלוגת הים), lit. Sea Company ) was the sea force of the Palmach.HistoryPalyam was set up in April 1945 as the Palmach s tenth company (Pluga Yud) which originated from the Palmach s Naval Platoon …   Wikipedia

  • Palmach — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Palmach caption=Palmach badge country= Israel allegiance= type=Strike force branch= dates=1941 1948 specialization= command structure=Haganah size= current commander= garrison= ceremonial chief= nickname= motto=… …   Wikipedia

  • Palmaj — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Palmaj (hebreo: פלמ ח, acrónimo de Plugot Májatz (פלוגות מחץ), compañías de ataque ), fue una unidad de élite integrada a la Haganá, el ejército no oficial del Yishuv (comunidad judía) durante el Mandato Británico …   Wikipedia Español

  • Neve Eitan — Founded 25 November 1938 Founded by Immigrants from Poland Region Beit She an Valley …   Wikipedia

  • List of Israelis — This is a list of prominent Israelis (including Arab citizens of Israel).Historical figuresPoliticians* Chaim Weizmann first President of Israel (1949 52) * David Ben Gurion first Prime Minister of Israel (1948 54, 1955 63) * Moshe Sharett prime… …   Wikipedia

  • Amoraim — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Los Amoraim (Arameo: אמוראיםאמורא; singular אמורא, Amorá; Aquellos que dicen o Aquellos que comentan ), fueron los sabios judíos que comentaron y trasmitieron las enseñanzas de la Torá Oral (Torá she baal pé) tomando …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ariel Sharon — אריאל שרון Ariel Sharon at the Pentagon in May 2002. 11th Prime Minister of Israel In office 7 March 2001 – 14 April 2006 …   Wikipedia

  • Hanoch Levin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Levin. Hanoch Levin (orthographe de sa traduction française) est un dramaturge et metteur en scène israélien, né dans la banlieue de Tel Aviv en Palestine mandataire, le 18 décembre 1943, et mort… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hanokh Levin — Hanoch Levin Hanoch Levin est un dramaturge israélien, né dans la banlieue de Tel Aviv le 18 décembre 1943 et disparu prématurément à l’âge de 55 ans des suites d’un cancer des os le 18 août 1999. La traduction de son nom est aussi connue sous… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moshe Dayan — Dayan in 1978 Born 20 May 1915(1915 05 20) Kibbutz …   Wikipedia