Infobox Settlement
official_name = Elmina
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imagesize = 300px
image_caption = Elmina fishing fleet

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pushpin_label_position =bottom
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Ghana
subdivision_type = Country
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subdivision_name1 = Central Region
subdivision_type2 = District
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population_as_of =2005
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latd=5|latm=05 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=1 |longm=21|longs= |longEW=W
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Elmina is a town situated on a south-facing bay on the Atlantic Ocean coast of Ghana, lying west of Cape Coast. The first European settlement in West Africa, it now has a population of around 20,000 people.

The town grew around São Jorge da Mina Castle, built by the Portuguese Diogo de Azambuja in 1482 on the site of a town or village called Amankwakurom or Amankwa. It was Portugal's West African headquarters for trade and exploitation of African wealth. The original Portuguese interest was gold but this later expanded to include tens of thousands of slaves channeled through the trading post of El Mina. The location of Elmina made it a significant site for reprovisioning ships headed south towards the Cape of Good Hope on their way to India. The Dutch West India Company captured it in 1637; in subsequent centuries it was mostly used for the slave trade. The city remained in Dutch hands until 1872, when it was sold to the English.

Elmina is also home to Fort Coenraadsburg on St. Jago Hill, built by the Dutch in 1666, several Asafo shrines and a lagoon. Today, Elmina's main industry is fishing.

Elmina in the 21st Century

Beginning in 2003, the city of Elmina, along with the Ghanaian government and foreign investors, began The Elmina Strategy 2015, a massive project to improve many aspects of the city, consisting of water drainage and waste management helping to improve the health of the citizens, repairing the fishing industry and harbor of within Elmina, tourism and economic development, improved health services, and improved educational services. [http://www.elminaheritage.com/]

Twin City

* - Macon, Georgia, United States
* - Gouda, Netherlands

External links

* [http://www.aluka.org/action/showCompilationPage?doi=10.5555%2FAL.CH.COMPILATION.HERITAGE-SITE.ELMINA Elmina Site Page from Aluka Digital Library]


* http://www.elminaheritage.com/

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elmina — in der Central Region Fort Elmina …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elmina — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Castillo de San Jorge en Elmina, Ghana Elmina es una ciudad situada en la costa atlántica de Ghana. Fue el primer asentamiento europeo en el Oeste de África y en la actualidad cuenta con una población de unos 20.000… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elmina — (São Jorge de la Mina), Hafenstadt der brit. Goldküstenkolonie (Oberguinea), liegt unter 5°5´ nördl. Br., am Beyafluß (Swetwater), mit Kastell (St. George) und zwei verfallenen Forts. Die europäische Stadt am linken Flußufer ist Sitz der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Elmina — Elmīna, Hafenplatz an der Goldküste (Oberguinea), westl. von Cape Coast Castle, ca. 10.530 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Elmina — v. du Ghana, sur le golfe de Guinée. Son port, São Jorge, fondé par les Portugais v. 1490, fut actif dans le commerce de l or jusqu au XIXe s …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Elmina — Le port d Elmina Le fort d Elmina …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elmina — Original name in latin Elmina Name in other language Dena, Edina, Ehlmina, Elmina, Saint George Del Mina, Sao Jorge da Mina, So Jorge da Mina, Элмина State code GH Continent/City Africa/Accra longitude 5.0847 latitude 1.35093 altitude 21… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Elmina — Elmịna,   El Mịna, Stadt westlich von Cape Coast, Ghana; Meersalzgewinnung.   Stadtbild:   Das festungsartige Schloss (1482, 1637 von Niederländern erweitert) gilt als größtes europäisches Bauwerk in den Tropen.   Geschichte:   Elmina wurde… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Elmina (Staat) — Elmina ist der Name eines historischen Staatswesens an der Küste des heutigen Ghana, das als unabhängiger Zusammenschluss mehrerer Dörfer um die gleichnamige Stadt Elmina vom Ende des 16. Jahrhunderts bis zur Unabhängigkeit Ghanas existiert hat,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elmina Castle — was erected by the Portuguese in 1482 as São Jorge da Mina ( St. George of the Mine Castle , also known simply as Mina or Feitoria da Mina ) in present day Elmina, Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast). It was the first trading post built on the Gulf… …   Wikipedia

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