Eduard Strasburger


Eduard Strasburger

Eduard Adolf Strasburger (February 1, 1844, Warsaw – May 19, 1912 Bonn) was a Polish-German professor who was one of the most famous botanists of the 19th century.

He was born in Warsaw, Poland, son of Edward Bogumil Strasburger (1803-1874). In 1870 he married Aleksandra Julja Wertheim (1847-1902), and had two children: Anna (b.1870) and Juliusz (1871-1934).

Strasburger studied natural sciences in Paris, Bonn and Jena, receiving a PhD in 1866. In 1868 he taught at the University of Warsaw. In 1869 he was appointed professor of botany at the University of Jena. Since 1881 he was head of the "Botanisches Institut" at the University of Bonn.

In botany, his auctorial abbreviation is Strasb.

Accomplishments

Strasburger was a founder of the famous "Lehrbuch der Botanik für Hochschulen" ("Textbook of Botany"), which first appeared in 1894. He was the first to provide an accurate description of the embryonic sac in gymnosperms (such as conifers) and angiosperms (flowering plants), along with demonstrating double-fertilization in angiosperms. He came up with one of the modern laws of plant cytology: "New cell nuclei can only arise from the division of other nuclei." and originated the terms cytoplasm and nucleoplasm.

Together with Walther Flemming, and Edouard van Beneden he elucidated chromosome distribution during cell division. His work on the upward movement of tree sap proved that the process was physical and not physiological.

Bibliography

*"On Cell Formation and Cell Division", 1876 - a book in which he set forth the basic principles of mitosis

*1894 textbook "Textbook of Botany" (written with colleagues)

Trivia

* One of his nephews (by his half-sister Maria-Paulina Strasburger) was Edward Werner, Polish vice-Finance Minister.
* Another of his nephews (by his half-brother Juljan Teofil Strasburger) was Henryk Leon Strasburger, a member of the Polish government in exile during World War II
* His great-great-nephew Peter Zika is a noted American botanist

References

* [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9069896/Eduard-Adolf-Strasburger "Strasburger, Eduard Adolf"] Encyclopædia Britannica (1979 ed)
* [http://www.deutsche-botanische-gesellschaft.de/html/047StrasburgerCV.html "Science is in a Constant Flow": Live and Work of Eduard Strasburger (1844-1912)]
* [http://www.elonka.com/public/genealogy/html/d0002/g0000029.html#I1582 Family Tree] maintained by great-great-grandniece Elonka Dunin
*cite book
last = Strasburger
first = Eduard
coauthors = Fritz Noll, Hobart Charles Porter, Heinrich Schenck, Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper
editor = Translated by Hobart Charles Porter
title = A Text-book of Botany
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=qqJuuC_L9yIC
date = 1898
publisher = Macmillan Publishers
pages = 632 pages


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  • Eduard Strasburger — um 1908 Eduard Adolf Strasburger (* 1. Februar 1844 in Warschau; † 18. Mai 1912 in Bonn) war ein deutscher Botaniker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Strasb.“. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eduard Strasburger — Eduard Adolf Strasburger Eduard Adolf Strasburger. Eduard Adolf Strasburger est un botaniste allemand, né le 1er février 1844 à Varsovie et mort le 18 mai 1912 à Bonn. Après des études à Paris et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Strasburger — bezeichnet: Eduard Strasburger (1844–1912), deutscher Botaniker nach diesem eponym: Lehrbuch der Botanik für Hochschulen Hermann Strasburger (1909–1985), deutscher Althistoriker Julius Strasburger (1871–1934), deutscher Internist Stefanie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eduard Adolf Strasburger — Nacimiento 1 de febrero 1844 Varsovia Fallecimiento 18 de mayo 1912 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eduard Adolf Strasburger — Eduard Adolf Strasburger. Eduard Adolf Strasburger est un botaniste allemand, né le 1er février 1844 à Varsovie et mort le 18 mai 1912 à Bonn. Après des études à Paris et à Bonn, il obtient son doctorat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • STRASBURGER, EDUARD — (1844–1912), German botanist and one of the founders of modern plant cytology. Strasburger, born in Warsaw, was made director of the Botanical Institute   at Jena in 1869, and two years later, when only 27 years of age, was appointed full… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Strasburger — Strasburger, Eduard, Botaniker, geb. 1. Febr. 1844 in Warschau, studierte seit 1864 in Bonn und Jena, habilitierte sich 1868 als Privatdozent an der Hochschule in Warschau und wurde 1869 außerordentlicher, 1873 ordentlicher Professor und Direktor …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Strasburger — Strasburger, Eduard, Botaniker, geb. 1. Febr. 1844 zu Warschau, 1869 Prof. in Jena, 1880 in Bonn; schrieb: »Zellbildung und Zellteilung« (3. Aufl. 1880), »Das botan. Praktikum« (5. Aufl. 1904), »Histolog. Beiträge« (5. Bde., 1888 94), »Lehrbuch… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Strasburger — Strasburger,   Eduard, Botaniker, * Warschau 1. 2. 1844, ✝ Bonn 19. 5. 1912; Professor in Jena und Bonn; bedeutende Arbeiten zur Zytologie (»Über Zellbildung und Zelltheilung«, 1875) und zur Gewebelehre der Pflanzen. 1894 begründete er (mit F.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Strasburger — The name Strasburger could mean:* Eduard Adolf Strasburger (1844 1912) famous 19th century Polish German botanist * Henryk Leon Strasburger (1887 1951), Polish politician, delegate to the League of Nations, and member of the Polish government in… …   Wikipedia


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