- Treaty of Perth
The Hebrides and the Isle of Man had become Norwegian territory during centuries when both Scotland and Norway were still forming themselves as coherent nation-states, and Norwegian control had been formalised in 1098, when
Edgar of Scotlandsigned the islands over to Magnus III of Norway. In Norwegian terms, the islands were the "Sudreys", meaning Southern Isles.
The Treaty of Perth was agreed three years after the 1263 naval
Battle of Largsand, in "" (page 90, Pimlico 1992, ISBN 0-7126-9893-0), Michael Lynchhas compared the treaty's importance with that of the Treaty of Yorkof 1237. The Treaty of York defined a border between Scotland and Englandwhich is almost identical to the modern border.
Largs is often claimed as a great Scottish victory, but the Norwegian forces, led by Håkon IV, were not fully committed to battle and the result was inconclusive. Håkon had planned to renew military action the following summer, but he died in
Orkneyduring the winter. His successor, Magnus the Law-mender, sued for peace and secured the Treaty of Perth.
In the treaty Norway recognised Scottish sovereignty over the disputed territories in return for a lump sum of 4000 marks and an annuity of 100 marks. The annuity was actually paid during subsequent decades. Scotland also confirmed Norwegian sovereignty over
List of treaties
* [http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/manxsoc/msvol04/v3p210.htm Monumenta de insula Manniæ: Agreement between Magnus IV and Alexander III, 1266]
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