Jury stability criterion


Jury stability criterion

The Jury stability criterion is a method of determining the stability of a linear discrete time system by analysis of the coefficients of its characteristic polynomial. It is the discrete time analogue of the Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion. The Jury stability criterion requires that the system poles are located inside the unit circle centered at the origin, while the Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion requires that the poles are in the left half of the complex plane. The Jury criterion is named after Eliahu Ibraham Jury.

Method

If the characteristic polynomial of the system is given by

: f(z)=a_0z^{n}+a_1z^{n-1}+a_2z^{n-2}+cdots+a_{n-1}z + a_n

then the table is constructed as follows:

: egin{align}a_0 ;; & a_1 ;; & dots ;; & a_{n-1} ;;& a_n\a_n ;; & a_{n-1} ;; & dots ;; & a_1 ;;& a_0\end{align}

That is, the first row is is constructed of the polynomial coefficients in order, and the second row is the first row in reverse order.

The third row of the table is calculated by subtracting frac{a_n}{a_0} times the second row from the first row, and the fourth row is the third row with the first n elements reversed (as the final element is zero).

: egin{align}a_0 ;; & a_1 ;; & dots ;; & a_{n-1} ;;& a_n\a_n ;; & a_{n-1} ;; & dots ;; & a_1 ;;& a_0\left(a_0-a_n frac{a_n}{a_0} ight);;& left(a_1 - a_{n-1} frac{a_n}{a_0} ight) ;; &dots;; & left(a_{n-1} - a_1 frac{a_n}{a_0} ight) ;;& 0 \left(a_{n-1} - a_1 frac{a_n}{a_0} ight) ;; & dots ;;& left(a_1 - a_{n-1} frac{a_n}{a_0} ight) ;;& left(a_0-a_n frac{a_n}{a_0} ight);;&0\end{align}

The expansion of the table is continued in this manner until a row containing only one non zero element is reached. If the first element of the first row of every row pair is positive at this point, then the system is stable.


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