Penryn, Cornwall


Penryn, Cornwall

Infobox UK place
country = England
map_type= Cornwall
official_name= Penryn
latitude= 50.16894
longitude= -5.10729
civil_parish= Penryn
population = 6,227 (Census 2001) [ [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=792767&c=Penryn&d=16&e=15&g=430100&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 Neighbourhood Statistics for the Parish of Penryn from ONS (accessed 7 December 2007).] ]
shire_district= Carrick
shire_county= Cornwall
region= South West England
constituency_westminster= Falmouth and Camborne
post_town= FALMOUTH
postcode_district = TR10
postcode_area= TR
dial_code= 01326
os_grid_reference= SW782345
cornish_name= Pennrynn

Penryn ( _kw. Pennrynn, from "Pen-ryn" meaning 'promontory') is a town in Cornwall, England, UK on the Penryn river. Although now the area is largely dominated by Falmouth, in the medieval period it was an important harbour in its own right, exporting granite and tin. There are 7,166 (2001 census) people living in Penryn. Penryn is twinned with Audierne in Brittany, France. The town has a station on the Maritime Line from Truro to Falmouth.

History

Penryn is one of Cornwall's most ancient towns, with a wealth of charm, character and history. These lands appear in Domesday Book under the name of Trelivel. Penryn was founded in 1216. The borough was enfranchised and its Charter of Incorporation was made in 1236. The contents of this Charter were embodied in a confirmation by Bishop Walter Bronescombe in the year 1275. [Roddis] In 1265, a religious college, called Glasney College was built in Penryn. In 1374, the chapel of St. Thomas (sometimes called St. Mary) was opened. Standing at the head of the Penryn River, Penryn occupies a sheltered position and was a port of some significance in the 15th century. When Henry VIII began disestablishing the Roman Catholic church, Glasney was torn down in 1548.

By the 1600s, the port was thriving with the trade in Cornish tin and copper. From 1554, Penryn held a parliamentary constituency, which became Penryn and Falmouth in 1832. The constituency was abolished in 1950, with Penryn becoming part of the Falmouth and Camborne constituency. It received a royal charter as a borough in 1621.

Penryn was the home of Thomas Pellow (born circa 1704) who spent 23 years as a white slave in Morroco. Pellow's story is told in his autobiography, "The History of the Long Captivity and Adventures of Thomas Pellow" (1740) and in "White Gold:The Extaordinary Story of Thomas Pellow and Islam's One Million White Slaves" (2007) by Giles Milton.

In the early 19th century, granite works were established by the river and large quantities of the stone were shipped from its quays for construction projects both in the UK and abroad.

Present Day

Today, Penryn is a bustling town and has managed to retain an enormous amount of its heritage. With a large proportion of its buildings dating back to Tudor, Jacobean and Georgian times, the town has been designated as an important Conservation area. The local museum is housed in the Town Hall and brings the history to life. The town is in the parish of St Gluvias.Penryn has a small but active Rotary Club dedicated to working with and for the local community.

Transportation

Penryn railway station was opened by the Cornwall Railway on 24 August 1863. It is towards the north west end of the town and is served by regular trains from Truro to Falmouth on the Maritime Line.

Education

Higher Education

Tremough

In 2004, the Tremough Campus was completed, creating the hub of the Combined Universities in Cornwall (CUC) project. It provides a new home for the Institute of Cornish Studies and the University of Exeter's world-renowned Camborne School of Mines, which has moved from Camborne, where it has been for over a century. The Campus also houses departments of University College Falmouth, which is based in the centre of Falmouth. Currently, the campus is undergoing work for its second phase, which includes increased student accommodation and new teaching areas.

chools

There are currently three schools in Penryn:
*Penryn Infant School
*Penryn Junior School
*Penryn College [ [http://www.penryn-college.cornwall.sch.uk/about.htm Penryn College website] ]

Footnotes

References

* Roddis, Roland, "Penryn, The History of an ancient Cornish Borough", 1964
* Warmington, Ernie, Penryn - People, Places, Postcards,Photographs, 1998, Printed in Mabe, Published by author, Reprinted 2007
*cite book
last=Warmington
first=Ernie
title=Around Penryn (Images of England series)
date=2000
publisher=Tempus Publishing
location= Stroud, Gloucestershire
id=ISBN 0-7524-2098-4

External links

* [http://uk.geocities.com/rlindsell/linkstoall/penryn/6.jpgPhotograph of Penryn Clock Tower]
* [http://cornwall.darlingranges.com/chat/focus-on-penryn/ Focus on Penryn]
* [http://www.penryncornwall.com/ Penryn Historical and Genealogical Information]
* [http://crocat.cornwall.gov.uk/dserve/dserve.exe?dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqCmd=Overview.tcl&dsqSearch=((text)='penryn') Cornwall Record Office Online Catalogue for Penryn]
* [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Penryn Encyclopedia Britannica]
* [http://www.rotary-ribi.org/clubs/homepage.asp?ClubID=1051penrynrotary.co.uk/The Rotary Club of Penryn]
* [http://www.penrynfunrun.co.uk/ Penryn Fun Run]
* [http://www.whats-on-in-falmouth.co.uk/ Events and entertainment in Penryn, Falmouth and area]


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