- Foreign relations of Guyana
After independence in 1966,
Guyanasought an influential role in international affairs, particularly among Third World and non-aligned nations. It served twice on the UN Security Council (1975–76 and 1982–83). Former Vice President, Deputy Prime Minister, and Attorney General Mohamed Shahabuddeen served a 9-year term on the International Court of Justice(1987–96).
Guyana has diplomatic relations with a wide range of nations. The
European Union(EU), the Inter-American Development Bank(IDB), the UN Development Programme (UNDP), the World Health Organization(WHO), and the Organization of American States(OAS) have offices in Georgetown.
Guyana strongly supports the concept of regional integration. It played an important role in the founding of the
Caribbean Community and Common Market(CARICOM), but its status as the organization's poorest member limits its ability to exert leadership in regional activities. Guyana has sought to keep foreign policy in close alignment with the consensus of CARICOM members, especially in voting in the UN, OAS, and other international organizations. In 1993, Guyana ratified the 1988 Vienna Convention on illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and cooperates with U.S. law enforcement agencies on counter-narcotics efforts.
Two neighbours have longstanding territorial disputes with Guyana. Since the 19th century,
Venezuelahas claimed all of Guyana west of the Essequibo River— 62% of Guyana's territory. At a meeting in Geneva in 1966, the two countries agreed to receive recommendations from a representative of the UN Secretary General on ways to settle the dispute peacefully. Diplomatic contacts between the two countries and the Secretary General's representative continue. Neighbouring Surinamealso claims the territory east of Guyana's New River, a largely uninhabited area of some 15,000 square kilometres (6,000 square miles) in southeast Guyana. Guyana and Suriname also disputed their offshore maritime boundaries. This dispute flared up in June 2000 in response to an effort by a Canadian company to drill for oil under a Guyanese concession. Guyana regards its legal title to all of its territory as sound. However, the dispute with Suriname was arbitrated by the United Nations Convention on Law of the Seaand a ruling in favor of Guyana was announced in September, 2007. [ [http://www.guyanachronicle.com/ARCHIVES/archive%2017-06-07.html#Anchor----------24128 Welcome to guyanachronicle.com ] ] [ [http://landofsixpeoples.com/news701/nk0702053.html Guyana to experience ‘massive' oil exploration this year ] ] [ [http://www.caribbean360.com/News/Business/Stories/2007/04/27/NEWS0000004303.html Business: News in the Caribbean - Caribbean360.com ] ]
Disputes - international
All of the area west of the
Essequibo Riverclaimed by Venezuela; Surinameclaims area east of the New Upper Courantyne.
Transshipmentpoint for narcotics from South America - primarily Venezuela - to Europeand the United States; producer of cannabis.
Guyanese diplomatic missions
Guyana-United States relations
References and notes
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Foreign relations of Brazil — Brazil This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Brazil … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Denmark — Denmark This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Denmark … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Mexico — Mexico This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Mexico … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Cuba — Cuba This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Cuba Constitution Council of State … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Suriname — Suriname This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Suriname Constitution President … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Argentina — Argentina This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Argentina Constitution Government … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of the People's Republic of China — Diplomatic relations between world states and People s Republic of China People s Republic of China … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of the Republic of China — Building of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Taipei The Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, is recognized by 23 sovereign states. The course of the foreign relations of the ROC is dominated by maintaining diplomatic relations… … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Chile — Chile This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Chile Law Constitution … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Colombia — Colombia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Colombia … Wikipedia