Liverpool One

Liverpool One

infobox shopping mall
shopping_mall_name = Liverpool One

caption =
location = Liverpool, Merseyside, England
opening_date = 29th May 2008
developer = Grosvenor Group
manager = Joanne Jennings, CEO
owner= Grosvenor Group
number_of_stores =
number_of_anchors =
floor_area = 1.4 million sq ft (retail space) []
parking =
floors =
website =

Liverpool One is a redevelopment project in Liverpool, England.

The project, previously known as The Paradise Project, involves the redevelopment of 42 acres (170,000 m²) of underutilised land in Liverpool city centre. It is a retail led project, anchored by department stores John Lewis (moving from a smaller site in Liverpool city centre) and Debenhams, with additional elements including leisure (anchored by a 14-screen Odeon cinema), residential, offices, public open space and transport improvements. The project is intended to give Liverpool a dramatic lift in its ranking among British retail destinations and to boost the local economy [ [ Grosvenor project will be massive economic boost] ] .

The majority of the development was opened on 29 May 2008, during Liverpool's year as European Capital of Culture, with the final residential units opening in September 2008. The investment value of the project is £920 million [ [ The Paradise Project: Key Facts] ] .


In the summer of 1998, Healey & Baker's Development Team, now Cushman & Wakefield [ [] ] , were appointed by Liverpool City Council to conduct a retail study of the Liverpool City Centre for the replacement Unitary Development Plan. The purpose of the study was to enable the Council to identify ways of protecting and improving the City Centre and also to find out why the City Centre was perceived as unattractive to new high quality retailers. Cushman & Wakefield's study revealed that Liverpool's reputation as a regional shopping centre was under serious threat, however the study underlined that a feasible scheme and redevelopment site existed within the heart of the city.

Cushman & Wakefield recommended a radical City Centre re-development of over 42 acres, which would represent the largest city centre development in Europe since the post-war reconstruction.

Following a detailed site search, Cushman & Wakefield identified Bluecoat Triangle / Paradise Street as the ideal location for a scheme of this magnitude; an area subsequently known as the Paradise Street Development Area [ [] ] .

In April 1999, Liverpool City Council passed a resolution for comprehensive redevelopment of the Paradise Street Area [ [ Paradise Project: Timeline] ] , which consisted of the area bound by Strand Street, the Combined Courts Centre, Lord Street, Church Street, Hanover Street and Liver Street. The area contained Chavasse Park, the Paradise Street Bus Station and NCP Car Park, Quiggins, the Moat House Hotel, Canning Place Fire Station and BBC Radio Merseyside. There were also large areas of wasteland, some used as car parks.

In March 2000, after a series of technical workshops, Liverpool City Council selected the Duke of Westminster's Grosvenor Group as developer [ [ Paradise Project: Timeline] ] . The Development Agreement between the council and Grosvenor was signed in January 2003 [ [ Liverpool City Council signs Development Agreement with Grosvenor] ] .

As a result of the technical workshops, it became apparent to Cushman & Wakefield that whilst the boundary of the PSDA was appropriate, the boundary needed to be extended and more clearly defined. Cushman & Wakefield proposed that two Mixed Use Extension Areas be identified to the West and East of the PSDA, including the sites of Chavasse Park/ Canning Place, together with an area across Hanover Street extending into Rope Walks.

The Government Office for the North West (GONW) agreed with Cushman & Wakefield that the Unitary Development Plan needed revisiting and the City Council was understandably reluctant given it had just completed the UDP Inquiry. The proposals were further attacked by a competing 60,000 ft2 scheme .

Following further consideration by Members, the revised PSDA Planning Framework incorporating the mixed use extension areas was issued for consultation in May 2000. The Council subsequently resolved to incorporate the PSDA Planning Framework into the emerging Unitary Development Plan. This necessitated a further public inquiry and consultation period. Three years later Cushman & Wakefield secured the Unitary Development Plan changes sought and defeated the opposition's appeal.

In December 2003, Grosvenor selected Laing O'Rourke as construction partner [ [ Grosvenor selects Laing O'Rourke as preferred bidder for Paradise Street Project in Liverpool] ] .

Excavations & Archaeology

Work began in Spring 2004 with the excavation of Chavasse Park, and construction began in Autumn the same year [ [ Duke of Westminster Gets Paradise Project Construction Under Way] ] . Early works incorporated archaeological investigations, as Chavasse Park covered the ruins of buildings destroyed in World War II bombing, and the Canning Place car park was on the site of the Old Dock, the world's first wet dock [ [ A Step Back In Time] ] [ [ History of Old Dock] ]

Main Construction

The first parts of the development to be completed were the multi-storey car park on Liver Street [ [ Q-Park’s first Liverpool One car park opens November 21st] ] , and the bus station on Canning Place [ [ New bus station opens on Sunday] ] . Both opened in November 2005, allowing the old bus station and car park on Paradise Street to be demolished in January 2006 [ [ NCP Car Park 'Blown Down' In Latest Paradise Project Milestone] ] . This cleared the way for construction of the new buildings on the west side of Paradise Street, as the Moat House Hotel had already been demolished in May 2005 [ [ Paradise Project Achieves Major Milestone With Demolition of Moat House] ] .

In July 2006, Herbert's Hairdressers became the first business to move into new premises in the development [ [ Herbert hair salon first to open at new shops centre] ] , in his uniquely-styled "Bling Bling Building" on Hanover Street. At the same time, BBC Radio Merseyside moved into new premises also on Hanover Street, allowing the demolition of the remaining buildings on Paradise Street [ [ Radio Merseyside History] ] [ [ Paradise Street Demolition] ] . In August 2006, the traditional Topping out ceremony was held on what would become the top floor of the John Lewis store on the corner of Paradise Street and Canning Place [ [ We're on top of the world] ] .

In March 2007, following the completion of the main underground car park, works on re-instating Chavasse Park started, using polystyrene blocks to build up the height of the park [ [ Water park will be 'oasis of calm' in Paradise site] ] . Polystyrene has the advantage that it is lighter than the equivalent amount of soil that would be required, considering it will be laid on top of the concrete structure of the car park, and it offers adequate drainage.

The Six Districts

On 1st November 2005, Grosvenor unveiled Liverpool One as the new brand for the regeneration [ [ Grosvenor Re-Writes The Rules With Liverpool One] ] . Liverpool One consists of six distinct districts, mixing retail, leisure and accommodation. [ [ Paradise Project: Masterplan] ]

Hanover Street

An informal district, re-using old buildings, some formerly derelict, for homeware shops and street markets [ [ Masterplan: Hanover Street] ]

Peter's Lane

Fashion retailers on arcades, streets and squares. Linking the existing Church Street area to the new district [ [ Masterplan: Peter's Lane] ]

Paradise Street

A wide pedestrianised shopping street, with flagship store John Lewis. Pavement cafés, leisure and housing [ [ Masterplan: Paradise Street] ]

outh John Street

The heart of the new shopping area, two levels of high-street shops and links to the park, with anchor stores John Lewis and Debenhams at each end [ [ Masterplan: South John Street] ]

The Park

A reinstated Chavasse Park, rising in terraces from Strand Street to pavilions on a terrace high above South John Street. The park will conceal a 3,000-space underground car park, accessed by ramps and tunnels from Strand Street [ [ Masterplan: The Park] ] [ [ Going Underground - Work To Start On Giant City Car Park] ] .

Point of Arrival

New bus station and multi-storey car park at the edge of the main shopping district [ [ Masterplan: Point of Arrival] ]


The Open Spaces Society has criticised the removal of public rights of way in the development area and fears that universal access to Liverpool's central streets may be denied to citizens in future. [cite news
last = Kingsnorth
first = Paul
title = Cities for sale
language = English
publisher = The Guardian
date = 29.03.2008
url =
accessdate = 13.03.2008

It has also been criticised for alienating local businesses (such as Lewis's Department Store, Rapid Hardware and the stores on Bold Street), and for shifting Liverpool's Shopping District (resulting in a lot of empty units around Church Street, Lime Street, Ranelagh Street, Bold Street)

Although Central Village is planned for the 'other end' of Liverpool, this is not to start development until around 2010. Small businesses and retailers in Bold Street, Renshaw Street and surrounding areas are hoping that the balance will be restored by this development as trade is attracted to the large stores inside the Liverpool One development.


External links

Official Sites
* [ Cushman & Wakefield website]
* [ Paradise Project]
* [ Liverpool One]
* [ Paradise Street Being Constructed]
* [ Grosvenor]
* [ Grand Central Hall - The New Home of independent shopping in Liverpool]

Other Sites
* [ Yo! Liverpool Forum: Paradise Street Developments]
* [ SkyscraperCity Forum: Liverpool One]
* [ Company Redeveloping Paradise Street]
* [ Article in Concept For Living Magazine June 08]

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