Lludd Llaw Eraint


Lludd Llaw Eraint

Lludd Llaw Eraint, "Lludd of the Silver Hand", son of Beli Mawr, is a legendary hero from Welsh mythology. As Nudd Llaw Eraint (the earlier form of his name, cognate of the Irish Nuada Airgetlám, derived from the pre-Roman British god Nodens) he is the father of Gwyn ap Nudd. He is probably the source of king Lud from Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain.

In the Mabinogion tale of Lludd and Llefelys, which seems heavily influenced by Geoffrey of Monmouth's work, he is the ruler of Britain while his brother Llefelys ruled Gaul. Lludd calls on Llefelys to rid Britain of three plagues then afflicting the kingdom. According to legend, there was once a temple to Lludd at the site of St Paul's Cathedral, London, near Ludgate, which is named after him.

Contents

The plagues of Lludd’s reign

  • The first plague was that of the Coranians.
  • The second was that of the white and red dragons. One of the dragons represented the Brythons, while the other represented the Anglo-Saxon invaders of Britain. On the eve of May Day, the two dragons would begin to fight. The White Dragon would strive to overcome the Red Dragon, making the Red cry out a fearful shriek which was heard over every Brythonic hearth. This shriek went through people’s hearts, scaring them so much that the men lost their hue and their strength, women lost their children, young men and the maidens lost their senses, and all the animals and trees and the earth and the waters, were left barren. The plague was finally eradicated by catching the dragons and burying both of them in a rock pit at Dinas Emrys in Snowdonia, north Wales, the securest place in Britain at that time. The dragons were caught by digging out a pit under the exact point where the dragons would fall down exhausted after fighting. This place was at Oxford, which Lludd found to be the exact centre of the island when he measured the island of Britain. The pit had a satin covering over it and a cauldron of mead in it at the bottom. First, the dragons fought by the pit in the form of terrific animals. Then they began to fight in the air over the pit in the form of dragons. Then exhausted with the fighting, they fell down on the pit in the form of pigs and sank into the pit drawing the satin covering under them into the cauldron at the bottom of the pit whereupon they drank the mead and fell asleep. The dragons were then wrapped up in the satin covering and placed in the pit to be buried at Dinas Emrys.
  • The third plague was the plunder committed by a giant who wore strong, heavy armour and carried a hamper. His nocturnal entrance was heralded by soporific illusions and musical sounds which lulled the members of Lludd’s Court to sleep. Once the court was asleep, he would put all the food and provisions of meat and drink of Lludd’s Court into his commodious hamper and take it away with him. This recurring theft constituted the third plague of Lludd’s reign. Lludd was only able to stop the recurring theft by confronting the intruder. He was able to avoid falling asleep to the soporific illusions and musical sounds by frequently dipping his head in a vessel of cold water by his side. Upon confronting the magician, a fierce encounter ensued in which glittering fire flew out from their arms until Lludd overcame the magician. Thereupon, Lludd granted him mercy and made him his loyal vassal.

Etymology

The name Nudd, cognate with the Irish Nuada and related to the Romano-British Nodens, probably derives from a Celtic stem *noudont- or *noudent-, which J. R. R. Tolkien suggested was related to a Germanic root meaning "acquire, have the use of", earlier "to catch, entrap (as a hunter)". Making the connection with Nuada and Lludd's hand, he detected "an echo of the ancient fame of the magic hand of Nodens the Catcher".[1] Similarly, Julius Pokorny derives the name from a Proto-Indo-European root *neu-d- meaning "acquire, utilise, go fishing".[2]

See also

Bibliography

  1. ^ J. R. R. Tolkien, "The Name Nodens", Appendix to "Report on the excavation of the prehistoric, Roman and post-Roman site in Lydney Park, Gloucestershire", Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London, 1932
  2. ^ Julius Pokorny, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch 768
  • Ellis, Peter Berresford, Dictionary of Celtic Mythology(Oxford Paperback Reference), Oxford University Press, (1994): ISBN 0-19-508961-8
  • MacKillop, James. Dictionary of Celtic Mythology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-19-280120-1.
  • Wood, Juliette, The Celts: Life, Myth, and Art, Thorsons Publishers (2002): ISBN 0-00-764059-5

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lludd Llaw Eraint — Lludd Llaw Eraint, fils de Beli Mawr, est un héros légendaire de la mythologie celtique galloise. Il est le principal protagoniste du conte médiéval de Lludd et Llefelys[1], où il règne sur la Bretagne tandis que son frère Llefelys règne sur la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • March Malaen — Vision d artiste du March Malaen volant au dessus de la mer. Le March Malaen est cité, dans le « folklore celtique »[1], comme un cheval maléfique associé au Diable et à la sorcellerie, dont l origine mythique ou historique d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mythologie Celtique Galloise — Mythologie celtique brittonique La Mythologie celtique galloise, celle des Celtes brittoniques de la protohistoire, nous est parvenue de manière très altérée et lacunaire par des manuscrits du Moyen Âge, tels le Llyfr Coch Hergest (Livre Rouge de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mythologie celtique brittonique — La Mythologie celtique galloise, celle des Celtes brittoniques de la protohistoire, nous est parvenue de manière très altérée et lacunaire par des manuscrits du Moyen Âge, tels le Llyfr Coch Hergest (Livre Rouge de Hergest), le Llyfr Gwyn… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mythologie celtique galloise — Mythologie celtique brittonique La Mythologie celtique galloise, celle des Celtes brittoniques de la protohistoire, nous est parvenue de manière très altérée et lacunaire par des manuscrits du Moyen Âge, tels le Llyfr Coch Hergest (Livre Rouge de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nuada Airgetlám — Nuada redirects here. For other uses, see Nuada (disambiguation). In Irish mythology, Nuada or Nuadu (modern spelling: Nuadha), known by the epithet Airgetlám (modern spelling: Airgeatlámh, meaning silver hand/arm ), was the first king of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Nodens — This article is about the Celtic deity. For the Elder God from the Cthulhu Mythos, see Nodens (Cthulhu Mythos). Temple at Lydney Park Nodents (Nudens, Nodonts) is a Celtic deity associated with healing, the sea, hunting and dogs. He was… …   Wikipedia

  • Lud son of Heli — Lud, according to Geoffrey of Monmouth s legendary History of the Kings of Britain and related medieval texts, was a king of Britain in pre Roman times. He was the eldest son of Geoffrey s King Heli, and succeeded his father to the throne.Lud s… …   Wikipedia

  • Mitología galesa — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Welsh mythology — Welsh mythology, the remnants of the mythology of the pre Christian Britons, has come down to us in much altered form in medieval Welsh manuscripts such as the Red Book of Hergest, the White Book of Rhydderch, the Book of Aneirin and the Book of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.