Kings of Burgundy

Kings of Burgundy

The following is a list of the Kings of Burgundy.

Kings of the Burgundians

The Burgundians had left Bornholm c.300 and settled near the Vistula. Jordanes relates that in this area they were thoroughly defeated by the Gepids in the 4th century and then moved to the Rhineland.

*Gebicca (late 4th century – c.407)
*Gundomar I (c.407 – 411), son of Gebicca
*Giselher (c.407 – 411), son of Gebicca
*Gunther (c.407 – 436), son of Gebicca

"Flavius Aëtius moves the Burgundians into Sapaudia (Upper Rhône Basin)".

*Gunderic/Gundioc (436–473) opposed by
**Chilperic I, brother of Gundioc (443–c.480)
*division of the kingdom among the four sons of Gundioc:
**Gundobad (473–516 in Lyon, king of all of Burgundy from 480),
**Chilperic II (473–493 in Valence)
**Gundomar/Godomar (473–486 in Vienne)
**Godegisel (473–500, in Vienne and Geneva)
*Sigismund, son of Gundobad (516–523)
*Godomar or Gundimar, son of Gundobad (523–532)

Burgundy under Frankish Kings

"Gradually conquered by the Frankish kings Childebert I and Clothar I from 532 – 534"

Merovingian Kings

*Childebert I, 534–558 (central parts)
*Theudebert I, 534–548 (northern parts)
*Chlothar I, 534–561 (southern parts), eventually uniting the entire kingdom

*Guntram (561–592)

*Childebert II, 592–595
*Theuderic II, 595–613

"United with Neustria under one king, but with separate administration (613–751)"

Carolingian Kings

*Pippin the Younger, 751–768
*Carloman, 768–771
*Charlemagne, 771–814
*Louis the Pious, 814–840
*Lothar I, 840–855, king under his father since 817

"The sons of Louis the Pious divided the Frankish kingdom in the treaty of Verdun in 843. Burgundy was divided between the brothers

*Charles the Bald, who received the smaller part, west of the river Saone. This entity was officially called "regnum burgundiae" (kingdom of Burgundy), but since the King of France delegated administrations to Dukes, the territory became known as the Duchy of Burgundy or Bourgogne.

* Lothair I received the larger part, east of the river Saone, which retained the name of Kingdom of Burgundy

After Lothar's death in 855, his realm was divided between his sons. The Burgundian territories were divided between:

*Lothair II, who received the northern parts.
*Charles, who received the southern parts including Provence, Lyon and Vienne. His realm was called the "regnum provinciae" (kingdom of Provence).

For the kings of Provence before its union with the rest of Burgundy, see the list of dukes, kings, counts, and margraves of Provence.

Kingdom of Upper Burgundy

*Lothar II, 855–869

Lothar subsumed his portion of Burgundy into the Kingdom of Lotharingia and at his brother Charles' death, gained some northern districts of the deceased's kingdom. When Lothar II died in 869, his realm was divided between his uncles Charles the Bald and Louis the German in the Treaty of Mersen.

When Emperor Charles the Fat, who until 884 had reunited all Frankish kingdoms except for kingdom of Provence, died in 888, the nobles and leading clergy of Upper Burgundy assembled at St Maurice and elected Rudolph, count of Auxerre, from the Elder Welf family, as king. At first, he tried to reunite the realm of Lothar II, but opposition by Arnulf of Carinthia forced him to focus on his Burgundian territory.

*Rudolf I (888–912)
*Rudolf II (912–937)

"In 933 Rudolph ceded his claims to the kingdom of Italy to Hugh of Arles and in return gained the kingdom of Provence, thus reuniting the two territories."

*Conrad I (937–993)
*Rudolph III (993–1032) cite book
last = Britannica
title =The Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature
publisher =Encyclopaedia Britannica
date =1922
location =Original from Harvard University
pages =Page 821
url =
doi =
id =

"In 1032 the kingdom of Burgundy was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire as a third kingdom, the Kingdom of Arles, with the King of Germany or Emperor as King of Burgundy.

Kingdom of Burgundy (Arelat) as part of the Holy Roman Empire

Salian (Frankish) Dynasty

*Conrad II, king 1032-1039, emperor since 1027
*Henry III, king 1039, emperor 1046-1056
*Henry IV, king 1056, emperor 1084-1105
*Henry V, king 1105-1125, emperor 1111-1125


*Lothar III, king 1125-1137, emperor 1133-1137

Staufen (or Hohenstaufen dynasty)

*Conrad III, king 1138-1152
*Frederick I Barbarossa, king 1152, emperor 1155-1190
*Henry VI, king 1190, emperor 1191-1197

*Philip of Swabia, rival king 1198-1208
*Otto IV of Brunswick (House of Welf), rival king 1208-1215, emperor 1209-1215

*Frederick II, king 1212, emperor 1220-1250
*Conrad IV, king 1237-1254 (until 1250 under his father)

Rectorate of Burgundy

Under the kings Conrad I and Rudolph III, royal power had weakened while local nobles, such as the Counts of Burgundy, had gained prominence.

After the early death of Emperor Henry III, his widow Agnes of Poitou acted as Regent for his young son Henry IV. She made Rudolf von Rheinfeld duke of Swabia and also conferred on him the regal powers over Burgundy. However, when Rudolf was elected anti-king, Roman king Henry IV in 1079 stripped him of his powers and delegated them to the Prince-bishops of Lausanne and Sitten (both in present Switzerland).

When William III, count of Burgundy was assassinated in February 1127, King Lothar III supported the claims of William's uncle Duke Conrad of Zähringen, grandson of Rudolf von Rheinfeld to the countship and conferred on him the regal powers over Burgundy.

Lacking a proper title, the Zähringer called themselves "dukes and rectors of Burgundy", in order to gain the status of dukes of Burgundy. The royal chancellory however consistently avoided this term and the effective power of the "rector" (in Roman law, a generic term for provincial governor) was restricted to the possessions of the Zähringer east of the Jura.

Any attempts to enforce the Zähringer's claims and to extend royal authority into the western and southern parts of the kingdom failed, most notably a military campaign in 1153. After these failures, Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, gained a firm hold of the western districts in 1156 by marrying Beatrix, heiress to the countship of Burgundy.This success permanently confined the Zähringer between Jura and Alps, where they used their regal powers to expand their possessions. In 1218, Berthold V of Zähringen died without issue.

After this, King Frederick II conferred the title of the "rector of Burgundy" on his young son Henry, in order to keep the heirs of Zähringer possessions away from the regal powers associated with that title. This appointment was only of momentary importance and after Henry had been elected king of Germany in April 1220, the title disappeared for good. Also, the decline of royal power inside the kingdom of Burgundy remained irreversible.


ee also

* Burgundy
* Duchy of Burgundy
* Duke of Burgundy
* County of Burgundy
* Count of Burgundy
* Dukes of Burgundy family tree

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