- Kings of Burgundy
The following is a list of the Kings of
Kings of the Burgundians
Burgundianshad left Bornholmc. 300and settled near the Vistula. Jordanesrelates that in this area they were thoroughly defeated by the Gepidsin the 4th centuryand then moved to the Rhineland.
Gebicca(late 4th century– c. 407)
*Gundomar I (c.407 –
411), son of Gebicca
*Giselher (c.407 –
411), son of Gebicca
*Gunther (c.407 –
436), son of Gebicca
Flavius Aëtiusmoves the Burgundians into Sapaudia (Upper Rhône Basin)".
436– 473) opposed by
**Chilperic I, brother of Gundioc (
*division of the kingdom among the four sons of Gundioc:
Gundobad(473– 516in Lyon, king of all of Burgundy from 480),
**Chilperic II (473–
Gundomar/Godomar (473– 486in Vienne)
Godegisel(473– 500, in Vienne and Geneva)
*Sigismund, son of Gundobad (
Godomaror Gundimar, son of Gundobad ( 523– 532)
Burgundy under Frankish Kings
"Gradually conquered by the Frankish kings
Childebert Iand Clothar Ifrom 532– 534"
Childebert I, 534– 558(central parts)
Theudebert I, 534– 548(northern parts)
Chlothar I, 534– 561(southern parts), eventually uniting the entire kingdom
Guntram( 561– 592)
Neustriaunder one king, but with separate administration ( 613– 751)"
*Pippin the Younger,
Charlemagne, 771– 814
Louis the Pious, 814– 840
Lothar I, 840– 855, king under his father since 817
"The sons of
Louis the Piousdivided the Frankish kingdom in the treaty of Verdunin 843. Burgundy was divided between the brothers
Charles the Bald, who received the smaller part, west of the river Saone. This entity was officially called "regnum burgundiae" (kingdom of Burgundy), but since the King of France delegated administrations to Dukes, the territory became known as the Duchy of Burgundyor Bourgogne.
Lothair Ireceived the larger part, east of the river Saone, which retained the name of Kingdom of Burgundy
After Lothar's death in
855, his realm was divided between his sons. The Burgundian territories were divided between:
Lothair II, who received the northern parts.
*Charles, who received the southern parts including
Provence, Lyonand Vienne. His realm was called the "regnum provinciae" (kingdom of Provence).
For the kings of Provence before its union with the rest of Burgundy, see the
list of dukes, kings, counts, and margraves of Provence.
Kingdom of Upper Burgundy
Lothar II, 855– 869
Lothar subsumed his portion of Burgundy into the Kingdom of
Lotharingiaand at his brother Charles' death, gained some northern districts of the deceased's kingdom. When Lothar IIdied in 869, his realm was divided between his uncles Charles the Baldand Louis the Germanin the Treaty of Mersen.
Charles the Fat, who until 884had reunited all Frankish kingdoms except for kingdom of Provence, died in 888, the nobles and leading clergy of Upper Burgundy assembled at St Maurice and elected Rudolph, count of Auxerre, from the Elder Welffamily, as king. At first, he tried to reunite the realm of Lothar II, but opposition by Arnulf of Carinthiaforced him to focus on his Burgundian territory.
933Rudolph ceded his claims to the kingdom of Italy to Hugh of Arlesand in return gained the kingdom of Provence, thus reuniting the two territories."
*Conrad I (
Rudolph III( 993– 1032) cite book
last = Britannica
title =The Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature
publisher =Encyclopaedia Britannica
location =Original from Harvard University
pages =Page 821
id = ]
1032the kingdom of Burgundy was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire as a third kingdom, the Kingdom of Arles, with the King of Germany or Emperor as King of Burgundy.
Kingdom of Burgundy (Arelat) as part of the Holy Roman Empire
Salian (Frankish) Dynasty
*Lothar III, king 1125-1137, emperor 1133-1137
Philip of Swabia, rival king 1198-1208
*Otto IV of Brunswick (House of
Welf), rival king 1208-1215, emperor 1209-1215
*Frederick II, king 1212, emperor 1220-1250
Conrad IV, king 1237-1254 (until 1250 under his father)
Rectorate of Burgundy
Under the kings Conrad I and
Rudolph III, royal power had weakened while local nobles, such as the Counts of Burgundy, had gained prominence.
After the early death of Emperor Henry III, his widow
Agnes of Poitouacted as Regent for his young son Henry IV. She made Rudolf von Rheinfeldduke of Swabiaand also conferred on him the regal powers over Burgundy. However, when Rudolf was elected anti-king, Roman king Henry IV in 1079stripped him of his powers and delegated them to the Prince-bishops of Lausanne and Sitten (both in present Switzerland).
William III, count of Burgundywas assassinated in February 1127, King Lothar III supported the claims of William's uncle Duke Conrad of Zähringen, grandson of Rudolf von Rheinfeldto the countship and conferred on him the regal powers over Burgundy.
Lacking a proper title, the
Zähringercalled themselves "dukes and rectors of Burgundy", in order to gain the status of dukes of Burgundy. The royal chancellory however consistently avoided this term and the effective power of the " rector" (in Roman law, a generic term for provincial governor) was restricted to the possessions of the Zähringer east of the Jura.
Any attempts to enforce the Zähringer's claims and to extend royal authority into the western and southern parts of the kingdom failed, most notably a military campaign in
1153. After these failures, Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, gained a firm hold of the western districts in 1156by marrying Beatrix, heiress to the countship of Burgundy.This success permanently confined the Zähringer between Jura and Alps, where they used their regal powers to expand their possessions. In 1218, Berthold V of Zähringendied without issue.
After this, King Frederick II conferred the title of the "rector of Burgundy" on his young son Henry, in order to keep the heirs of Zähringer possessions away from the regal powers associated with that title. This appointment was only of momentary importance and after Henry had been elected king of Germany in April
1220, the title disappeared for good. Also, the decline of royal power inside the kingdom of Burgundyremained irreversible.
Duchy of Burgundy
Duke of Burgundy
County of Burgundy
Count of Burgundy
Dukes of Burgundy family tree
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Conrad of Burgundy — Conrad the Peaceful (c. 925 – 19 October 993) was the king of Burgundy from 937 until his death. He was the son of King Rudolph II, the first king of a united Burgundy and Bertha of Swabia. Conrad is sometimes numbered Conrad I as king of… … Wikipedia
Upper Burgundy — (also Transjurane Burgundy fr. Bourgogne transjurane , also Transjurania) is the part of Burgundy west of the Jura mountains. It was a dukedom of the Carolingian Empire, ruled by Hugbert, son of Boso of Arles, from 859 ruled by margraves under… … Wikipedia
Chilperic II of Burgundy — Chilperic II (c. 450 – 493) was the King of Burgundy from 473 until his death, though initially co ruler with his father from 463. He began his reign in 473 after the partition of Burgundy with his brothers Godegisel, Godomar, and Gundobad; he… … Wikipedia
Chilperic I of Burgundy — Chilperic I (died c. 480) was the King of Burgundy from 473 until his death. He succeeded his brother Gundioch and co ruled with his nephews Godomar, Gundobad, Chilperic II, and Godegisel. Sources Gregory of Tours. Historia Francorum. translated… … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Burgundy — Burgundy is a region of Western Europe which has existed as a political entity in a number of forms with very different boundaries. Two of these entities have been called the Kingdom of Burgundy, and a third Kingdom of Burgundy was very nearly… … Wikipedia
Duchy of Burgundy — ← ← … Wikipedia