Timeline of events preceding World War II


Timeline of events preceding World War II
World War II seriesv · d · e
Precursors
Asian events · European events · Timeline
1939 · 1940 · 1941 · 1942 · 1943 · 1944 · 1945
Eastern front · Western Front · Pacific War · Battles · Mediterranean, Middle East and African Campaigns · Commanders
Technology · Military operations · Manhattan Project
Air warfare of World War II · Home front · Collaboration · Resistance
Aftermath
Casualties · Further effects · War crimes · Japanese war crimes · Consequences of Nazism
Depictions

World War II articles
Alphabetical index: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Campaigns  |  Countries  |  Equipment
Lists  |  Outline  |  Timeline  |  Portal  |  Category

Contents

1922

April

April 3

Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party.

June

June 8

The Irish Civil War begins between treaty and anti-treaty forces.

September

September 18

Hungary joins the League of Nations.

October

October 28

Fascists take control of the Italian government with Benito Mussolini as the prime minister.

November

November 1

The Ottoman Empire is abolished.

December

December 6

The Anglo-Irish Treaty goes into effect making Republic of Ireland independent from the United Kingdom.

December 30

Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Transcaucasia come together to form the Soviet Union.

1923

January

January 11

France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area in order to force Germany to make reparation payments.

July

July 24

The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in the First World War.

October

October 29

Turkey becomes a Republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.

November

November 8

The Beer Hall Putsch takes place, in which Adolf Hitler unsuccessfully leads the Nazis to overthrow the current German government. It is crushed by police the next day.

1924

January 21

Vladimir Lenin dies, and Joseph Stalin begins purging rivals to clear his way for leadership.

February 1

The Soviet Union recognizes the United Kingdom.

April 1

Adolf Hitler is sentenced to 5 years in jail for his participation in the Beer Hall Putsch (he serves only 9 months).

April 6

Fascists win elections in Italy with a 2/3 majority.

June

June 10

Italian Fascists kidnap and kill socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.

August

August 18

France begins withdrawing its troops from Germany.

1926

January

January 3

Theodoros Pangalos declares himself dictator of Greece.

January 31

British and Belgian troops leave Cologne, Germany.

February

February 25

Francisco Franco becomes General of Spain.

April

April 4

Greek dictator Theodoros Pangalos is elected president.

April 24

The Treaty of Berlin is signed by Germany and the Soviet Union, which declares neutrality if either country is attacked within the next five years.

September

September 11

Spain leaves the League of Nations.

1927

January

January 19

The United Kingdom sends troops to the Republic of China.

February

February 12

The first British troops arrive in Shanghai.

February 19

A general strike in Shanghai protesting British presence.

March

March 10

Albania mobilizes in case of an attack of Yugoslavia.

April

April 12

The Chinese Civil War begins between nationalists and communists.

May

May 20

Saudi Arabia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

May 24

The United Kingdom severs diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.

June

June 4

Yugoslavia severs diplomatic relations with Albania.

June 7

Peter Voikov, Soviet ambassador to Warsaw, is assassinated.

November

November 12

Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin with undisputed control of the Soviet Union.

1928

May

May 3

The Jinan Incident begins, between the Republic of China and Japan.

June

June 4

The Huanggutun Incident occurs, in which Japanese agents assassinate the Republic of China's President Zhang Zuolin.

July

July 25

The United States recalls its troops from China.

August

August 2

Italy and Ethiopia sign the Italo-Ethiopian Treaty.

August 27

The Kellogg-Briand Pact is signed in Paris by the major powers of the world. The treaty outlaws aggressive warfare.

1929

February

February 9

The Litvinov Protocol is signed in Moscow by the Soviet Union, Poland, Estonia, Romania and Latvia.

February 11

Italy and Vatican City sign the Lateran Treaty.

March

March 28

Japan withdraws troops from the Republic of China ending the Jinan Incident.

April

April 3

Persia signs the Litvinov Protocol.

June

June 7

The Lateran Treaty is ratified, making the Vatican a sovereign state.

July

July 24

The Kellogg-Briand Pact goes into effect.

October

October 29

The Great Depression begins.

1930

April

April 22

The United Kingdom, United States, Italy and Japan sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and shipbuilding.

June

June 30

France withdraws its remaining troops from the Rhineland.

1931

September

September 18

Japanese troops detonate a bomb on the rail line near Mukden, China.[1]

September 19

Japan invades the Republic of China region, Manchuria. This is the beginning of minor fighting in the Second Sino-Japanese War.

1932

January

January 7

The Stimson Doctrine is proclaimed by United States Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson in response to Japan invading Manchuria.

January 28

The January 28 Incident between the Republic of China and Japan occurs with fighting around Shanghai.

February

February 2

The League of Nations recommends negotiations between the Republic of China and Japan.

February 4

Japan occupies Harbin, China.

February 11

Pope Pius XI meets Benito Mussolini in Vatican City.

February 25

Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship.

February 27

Japan takes control of Manchuria from the Republic of China.

March

March 6

China agreed to the League of Nations demand to stop fighting in and near Shanghai, but Japanese forces continued to attack Chinese positions.[2]

March 18

Peace negotiations begin

April

April 10

Paul Von Hindenburg is reelected President of Germany, defeating Adolf Hitler in a run-off.

May

May 15

Japanese troops leave Shanghai.

May 30

German chancellor Heinrich Brüning resigns. President Hindenburg asks Franz von Papen to form a new government.

August

August 30

Hermann Göring is elected as chairman of the German Senate.

November

November 21

Paul Von Hindenburg begins talking to Adolf Hitler about forming a new government.

December

December 3

Hindenburg names Kurt von Schleicher as the German Chancellor.

1933

January

January 30

Nazi leader Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Paul Von Hindenburg.

February

February 1

Hitler gives his "Proclamation to the German People" in Berlin.

February 25

Japanese troops captured Chaoyang, Baipiao, and Kailu in Rehe, China.[3]

February 27

Germany's parliament building the Reichstag is set on fire (see Reichstag Fire).

February 28

The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed, nullifying several German civil liberties.

March

March 4

Franklin Delano Roosevelt is inaugurated as President of the United States.
Troops of the 139th Division of Chinese 32nd Corps repulsed a Japanese attack on the Lengkou Pass of the Great Wall. Elsewhere, the provincial capital of Rehe Province, Chengde, was captured by Japanese troops without opposition.[4]

March 20

Germany's first concentration camp, Dachau, is completed.

March 23

The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.

March 24

Foreign Jews call for a boycott of imported German goods.

March 27

Japan leaves the League of Nations.

April

April 1

The recently elected Nazis start a one-day boycott of Jewish businesses.

April 26

The Gestapo is established in Germany.

May

May 2

Hitler outlaws trade unions.

May 10

Nazis start massive public book burnings.

June

June 21

All non-Nazi parties are banned in Germany.

July

July 14

The Nazi party becomes an official party of Germany.

October

October 17

Albert Einstein arrives in the United States of America as a refugee from Nazi Germany.

October 19

Germany leaves the League of Nations.

1934

January

January 26

Germany and Poland sign the 10 year German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact.

March

March 1

Japan renames Manchuria Manchukuo.

March 20

All German police forces come under the command of Heinrich Himler.

June

June 30

The Night of Long Knives occurs, in which Germany executes many ranking leaders of the Sturmabteilung (SA).

July

July 20

The SS became an independent organizations of the Nazi Party, reporting directly to Adolf Hitler.[5]

July 25

Austrian Nazis assassinate Engelbert Dollfuss during a failed coup attempt.

August

August 2

Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany, becoming Head of State as well as Chancellor.

August 8

The Wehrmacht swears a personal oath of loyalty to Hitler.

September

The Soviet Union joins the League of Nations.

December

December 5

The Abyssinia Crisis occurs, in which Italian and Ethiopian troops exchange fire.

December 29

Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty and the London Naval Treaty.

1935

January

January 7

The League of Nations approved the results of the Saar plebiscite, which allowed Saar to be incorporated into German borders.[6]

March

March 21

Persia is renamed Iran.

June

June 18

The Anglo-German Naval Agreement is signed by Germany and the United Kingdom to limit the size of their navies.

October

October 2

Italy invades Ethiopia, beginning the Second Italo–Abyssinian War.

1936

March

March 7

In violation of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.

May

May 5

Italian forces occupy Addis Ababa in East Africa.

May 7

Italy annexes Ethiopia.

May 9

Chiang Kaishek proclaimed that Japan was waging war in China without a declaration of war.[7]

July

July 18

The Spanish Civil War begins when nationalist forces led by Francisco Franco rise against the current government.

October

October 20

Japanese-backed Mongolian troops attacked northern China in the Battle of Suiyuan.[8]

October 25

Rome-Berlin Axis is formed.

November

November 15

The German Condor Legion went into action for the first time, supporting further Nationalist operations to capture Madrid.[9]

November 26

The Anti-Comintern Pact is signed by Japan and Italy.

December

December 1

Hitler makes it mandatory for all males between the ages 10-18 to join the Hitler Youth.

December 12

The Chinese Civil War temporarily ends, so the two sides can prepare for a full-scale war with Japan.

1937

February

February 2

Osami Nagano was named the commander-in-chief of the Japanese Navy Combined Fleet.[10]

July

July 7

The Marco Polo Bridge Incident occurs, which most historians regard as the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War.

August

August 13

The Battle of Shanghai begins between Japan and China.

September

September 1

The Battle of Taiyuan begins between China and Japan.

November

November 9

Japan wins the Battle of Taiyuan.

November 26

The Battle of Shanghai ends in Japanese victory.

December

December 8

Japan established the puppet nation of Mengjiang in the Inner Mongolia region of Republic of China.[11]

December 11

Italy leaves the League of Nations.

1938

March

March 6

Japanese troops reached the Yellow River in China.[12]

March 13

Austria is annexed by Nazi Germany.

July

July 29

The Soviet-Japanese Border Wars begins with the Battle of Lake Khasan.

August

Soviet Union wins the Battle of Khasan against Japan.

September

September 30

The Munich Agreement is signed.

November

November 7

French Jew Herschel Grynszpan, whose parents were recently expelled from Germany into Poland, assassinated German consular aide Ernst Vom Rath in Paris.[13]

November 9

Kristallnacht began in Germany; Jewish shops and synagogues were smashed, looted, burned, and destroyed throughout the country.[14]

December

December 6

The German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop visits Paris, where he is allegedly informed by the French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet that France now recognizes all of Eastern Europe as Germany’s exclusive sphere of influence. Bonnet's alleged statement (Bonnet always denied making the remark) to Ribbentrop was to be a major factor in German policy in 1939.

1939

January

January 23

The British government is in the grip of the “Dutch War Scare”. Admiral Wilhelm Canaris of the Abwehr leaks misinformation to the effect that Germany planned to invade the Netherlands in February with the aim of using Dutch air-fields to launch a strategic bombing offensive against Britain. The “Dutch War Scare” leads to a major change in British policies towards Europe.

January 24

Germany established the National Central Office for Jewish Emigration with branch offices in Vienna and Prague.[15]

January 25

Uranium atom was split for the first time at Columbia University in the United States.[16]

January 26

Spanish nationalist forces aided by Italy take Barcelona.

January 27

Adolf Hitler orders Plan Z, a 5-year naval expansion programme intended to provide for a huge German fleet capable of crushing the Royal Navy by 1944. The Kriegsmarine is given the first priority on the allotment of German economic resources. This is the first and only time the Kriegsmarine is given the first priority in the history of the Third Reich.

February

February 6

In response to the "Dutch War Scare", the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain states in the House of Commons that any German attack on France would be automatically considered an attack on Britain.

March

March 14

The pro-German Slovak Republic is created with Jozef Tiso as its first prime minister.

March 15

The German Army invades Czechoslovakia. They take control of it.
Germany establishes the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The protectorate includes those portions of Czechoslovakia not incorporated into Germany, Poland, Hungary, or the new Slovak Republic.

March 17

Neville Chamberlain gives a speech in Birmingham stating Britain will oppose any German effort to dominate the world.

March 18

The beginning of the “Romanian War Scare” when Virgil Tilea, the Romanian Minister in London spreads false rumours that Romania was under the verge of a German attack.

March 20

German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop delivers an oral ultimatum to Lithuania, demanding that it return the Klaipėda Region.
At an emergency meeting in London to deal with the Romanian crisis, the French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet suggests to Lord Halifax that the ideal state for saving Romania from a German attack is Poland.

March 21

Adolf Hitler demands return of the Free City of Danzig to Germany.

March 31

The United Kingdom and France offer the "guarantee" of Polish independence.

April

April 1

The Spanish Civil War ends with nationalist troops winning. Spain becomes a fascist state with Francisco Franco as the head of the new government.

April 3

Adolf Hitler orders the German military to start planning for Fall Weiss, the codename for the attack on Poland to be launched on August 25, 1939.

April 7

Italy invades Albania.

April 11

Hungary leaves the League of Nations.[citation needed]

April 12

Albania surrenders to Italy.

April 13

The United Kingdom and France pledge to support Romania and Greece.

April 14

Hungary leaves the League of Nations.[citation needed]

April 18

The Soviet Union proposes a triple alliance with the United Kingdom and France. The British and French agree to take up the offer.

April 28

In a speech before the Reichstag, Adolf Hitler renounces the Anglo-German Naval Agreement and the German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact

May

May 3

Vyacheslav Molotov succeeds Maxim Litvinov as Soviet Foreign Commissar.

May 6

Carl Friedrich Goerdeler tells the British government that the German and Soviet governments are secretly beginning a rapprochement with the aim of dividing Eastern Europe between them. Goerdeler also informs the British of German economic problems which he states were threatening the survival of the Nazi regime, and advises that if a firm stand is made for Poland, then Hitler would be deterred from war.

May 11

Battle of Khalkhin Gol begins with Japan and Manchukuo against the Soviet Union and Mongolia.

May 17

Sweden, Norway, and Finland reject Germany's offer of non-aggression pacts.

May 22

The Pact of Steel, known formally as the Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy, is signed. It is an agreement between Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, by the foreign ministers of each country and witnessed by Count Galeazzo Ciano for Italy and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany.

June

June 14,

The Tientsin Incident occurs, in which the Japanese blockade the British concession in the North China Treaty Port of Tientsin.

July

July 10

Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain reaffirms support for Poland and makes it clear that Britain did not view Free City of Danzig as being an internal German-Polish affair and would intervene on behalf of Poland if hostilities broke out between the two countries.

August

August 23

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact is signed between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, with secret provisions for the division of Eastern Europe - joint occupation of Poland and Soviet occupation of the Baltic States, Finland and Bessarabia. This protocol gives Hitler the green light for his invasion of Poland, which begins on September 1.

August 25

In response to a message from Benito Mussolini that Italy would not honor the Pact of Steel if Germany attacked Poland in 1939, Hitler delays the launch of Fall Weiss by five days to provide more time to secure British and French neutrality.

See also

References

  1. ^ "1931 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1931/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  2. ^ "1932 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1932/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  3. ^ "1933 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1933/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  4. ^ "1933 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1933/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  5. ^ "1934 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1934/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  6. ^ "1935 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1935/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  7. ^ "1936 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1936/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  8. ^ "1936 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1936/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  9. ^ "1936 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1936/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  10. ^ "1937 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1937/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  11. ^ "1937 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1937/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  12. ^ "1938 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1938/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  13. ^ "1938 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1938/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  14. ^ "1938 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1938/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  15. ^ "1939 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1939/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  16. ^ "1939 Timeline". WW2DB. http://ww2db.com/event/timeline/1939/. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Timeline of World War II — World War II seriesv · d · e …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of World War II (1939) — This is a timeline of events that stretched over the period of World War II. For events preceding September 1 1939, see the timeline of events preceding World War II.eptember 1939:1: The Republic of China and the Empire of Japan are involved in… …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of World War II — World War II articles Alphabetical index: 0 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Campaigns  |  Countries  |  Equipment Lists  |  Outline  |  Timeline  |  Portal  | … …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Front (World War II) — Great Patriotic War redirects here. For a discussion of the term itself, see Great Patriotic War (term). Not to be confused with Patriotic War of 1812. Eastern Front Part of World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Causes of World War II — World War II seriesv · d · e …   Wikipedia

  • Topic outline of World War II — World War II, or the Second World War, was a global military conflict, the joining of what had initially been two separate wars. The first began in Asia in 1937 as the Second Sino Japanese War; the other began in Europe in 1939 with the German… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (E) — # E. Frederic Morrow # E. Howard Hunt # E. Ion Pool # E. Lloyd Du Brul # E. R. Stephenson # E. S. Gosney # E. V. Loustalot # E. William Exshaw # Earffel Tower (Paris) # Earl E. Anderson # Earl G. Harrison # Earl Johnson (athlete) # Earl Johnson… …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of France during World War II — History of France …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of the United Kingdom during World War II — Periods and eras in English history Anglo Saxon period (927–1066) Norman period …   Wikipedia

  • War — This article is about war in general. For other uses, see War (disambiguation) and The War (disambiguation). Warfare Military history Eras …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.