- Hart Memorial Trophy
trophy_name=Hart Memorial Trophy
Most Valuable Playerin the National Hockey League The Hart Memorial Trophy, originally known as the Hart Trophy, the "oldest and most prestigious individual award in hockey", is awarded annually to the "player adjudged most valuable to his team" in the National Hockey League.cite web|url=http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0003615|title=Hart Trophy history|accessdate=2007-08-01|publisher=canadianencyclopedia.com] The Hart Memorial Trophy has been awarded 83 times to 51 different players since its beginnings in 1924. Each year, members of the Professional Hockey Writers Association vote to determine the player who was the most valuable to his team during the regular season.
The Hart Memorial Trophy is named in honour of Canadian Dr. David Hart. Dr. Hart, who donated the original trophy to the NHL, was the father of
Cecil Hart, a former Coach and General Manager of the Montreal Canadienshockey club. The Hart Trophy was first awarded at the conclusion of the 1923-24 NHL season. The winner of the first Hart Trophy was Frank Nighborof the Ottawa Senators. The original "Hart Trophy" was retired in Hockey Hall of Famein 1960, and the NHL began presenting a new trophy, which was dubbed the "Hart Memorial Trophy" in its place. With the exceptions of Tommy Andersonand Al Rollins, every eligible player who won the Hart Trophy has been inducted into the Hall of Fame.cite web|url=http://www.nhl.com/trophies/hart.html|title=Hart Memorial Trophy history|accessdate=2007-07-31|publisher=NHL.com] Wayne Gretzkywon the award a record nine times during his career, eight consecutively. He has been named MVP more times than any other player in the history of the other three Major Professional Leagues ( Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, and National Football League). Barry Bondsis second, having won the MVP award seven times in Major League Baseball. Gretzky and his Edmonton Oilersteammate Mark Messierare the only players to win the Hart Trophy with more than one team. [cite web|url=http://www.nhl.com/hockeyu/history/gretzky/99reasons.html|title=99 Reasons Why Wayne Gretzky is "The Great One"|accessdate=2007-07-31|publisher=NHL.com] In 1990, Mark Messiertook the Hart over Ray Bourqueby a margin of two votes, the difference being a single first-place vote. ]
Players from the
Montreal Canadienshave won the award sixteen times; players from Boston Bruinsare second with twelve winners, and the Detroit Red Wingsand Edmonton Oilershave seen players win the award nine times. Joe Thorntonbecame the first Hart Trophy winner to switch clubs during his winning campaign in 2005-06 NHL season, having played for both the Boston Bruinsand San Jose Sharksthat year.
The voting is conducted at the end of the regular season by members of the Professional Hockey Writers Association, and each individual voter ranks their top five candidates on a 10-7-5-3-1 points system. [cite web|url=http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/inside_game/jon_dolezar/news/2003/04/01/dolie_insider/|title=Foppa shows the most Hart|accessdate=2007-08-01|date=
2003-04-20|author=Jon Dolezar |publisher=SI.com] Three finalists are named and the trophy is awarded at the NHL Awards ceremony after the playoffs.
The closest the voting for the Hart Trophy has ever come was in the 2001–02 season, when
Jose Theodoreand Jarome Iginlatied in the total voting. The tiebreaker for choosing the Hart Trophy winner in such a case is number of first-place votes: Theodore, who had 86 first-place votes to Iginla's 82, claimed it. [cite web|url=http://www.nhl.com/hockeyu/history/trophies/awards062002.html|title=Theodore wins Hart, Vezina trophies|accessdate=2007-07-31|date= 2002-06-20|author=Shawn P. Roarke|publisher=NHL.com]
In 2008, NHL.com's official online shop came under criticism after they placed a T-shirt advertising
Alexander Ovechkinas the Hart winner on sale a week before the winner was revealed. A spokesperson for the NHL said "in an effort to offer our fans the merchandise they want in a timely manner following an event such as the NHL Awards, our licensees prepare product for all possible outcomes. In this situation, the link for one of the possible products became live early through an error by our e-commerce provider." [cite web|url=http://www.tsn.ca/nhl/story/?id=239912&lid=headline&lpos=secStory_nhl |title=Did NHL Shop Reveal Ovechkin as Hart Winner?|accessdate=2008-06-12|date= 2008-06-06|publisher=TSN.ca] Ovechkin was later revealed to be the winner.
* [http://www.nhl.com/trophies/hart.html Hart Memorial Trophy history] at NHL.com
* [http://www.legendsofhockey.net/html/silver_splashhart.htm Hart Memorial Trophy history] at Legends of Hockey.net;Specific
List of NHL players
List of NHL statistical leaders
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