- Spanish missions in Trinidad
Spanish Missions were established in the New World as part of the Spanish colonisation of its new possessions. In
1687the Catalan Capuchin friarswere given responsibility for the conversion of the indigenous population of Trinidadand the Guianas. In 1713the missions were handed over to the "secular clergy". Due to shortages of missionaries, although the missions were established they often went without Christian instruction for long periods of time.
1687and 1700several missions were founded in Trinidad, but only four survived as Amerindian villages throughout the eighteenth century- "La Anuncíata de Nazaret de Savana Grande" (modern Princes Town), "Purísima Concepción de María Santísima de Guayri" (modern San Fernando), "Santa Ana de Savaneta" (modern Savonetta), "Nuestra Señora de Montserrate" (probably modern Mayo). The mission of "Santa Rosa de Arima" was established in 1789when Amerindians from the former " encomiendas" of Tacariguaand "Arauca" (Arouca) were relocated further west.
List of Spanish Missions in Trinidad
*"La Anuncíata de Nazaret de Savana Grande".
*"Purísima Concepción de María Santísima de Guayri".
*"Santa Ana de Savaneta".
*"Nuestra Señora de Montserrate".
*"San Francisco de los Arenales" (site of the "
Arena massacre"; traditionally said to be modern San Rafael).
*"San Francisco de Careiro" (probably modern
*"St. Joseph de Mayaro" (probably on
Mayarobay, possibly the modern village of St. Joseph, Mayaro).
*"Los Santos Reyes de Mucurapo" (probably modern
Port of Spain)
*"Santa Rosa de Arima" (modern
Arima; see Santa Rosa Carib Community)
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