Fan vault


Fan vault

A fan vault is a form of vault used in the Perpendicular Gothic style, in which the ribs are all of the same curve and spaced equidistantly, in a manner resembling a fan. The initiation and propagation of this design element is strongly associated with England.

The earliest example, dating from about the year 1351, [ [http://www.britannia.com/church/studies/glosarch.html Brittania: Architecture of Gloucester Cathedral] ] may be seen in the south walk of the cloisters of Gloucester Cathedral, [ [http://www.lookingatbuildings.org.uk/default.asp?Document=1.C.2.2.1.4 Pevsner Architectural Guides fan vault design] ] built by Thomas of Cambridge. In the fourteenth century the structure was known as the "Abbey Church" at Gloucester. A fine later example, from 1640, is the vault over the staircase at Christ Church, Oxford. The largest fan vault in the world, however, can be found in the chapel of King's College, Cambridge.

Birth of the fan vault

The fan vault is attributed to development in Gloucester in the mid 14th century, with the earliest known surviving example being the east cloister walk of the Gloucester Cathedral. [David Verey, "Gloucestershire", Yale University Press, New Haven, connecticut, USA (1976)] Other examples of early fan vaults exist in Gloucester. implying the activity of several 14th century master masons in this region, who really created the fan vault and experimented with forms of its early use.

List of buildings with fan vaulting

*King's College Chapel, Cambridge, England, circa 1500, the world's largest fan vaulted structure
*Peterborough Cathedral, Cambridgeshire, England, eastern apse of the Norman tower, circa 1500
*Henry VII's Lady chapel, Westminster Abbey, London, England, 1503-1519 [ [http://www.artandarchitecture.org.uk/images/conway/92eafb11.html "Art and Architecture" fan vault example from Henry VII Lady Chapel] ]
*Sherborne Abbey, Dorset, England
*Bath Abbey, Somerset, England, 1860s nave restoration feature of fan vaulting
*Dean's Chapel, Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick, England.

References

ee also

*Barrel vault
*Gothic architecture


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • fan vault — fan′ vault n. archit. a vault composed of a number of concave conoid surfaces touching or intersecting at the top, with curved fanlike ribs radiating from the spring …   From formal English to slang

  • fan vault — noun : a vault produced by fan vaulting * * * a vault composed of a number of concave conoidal surfaces, usually four, springing from the corners of the vaulting compartment and touching or intersecting at the top, often decorated with ribs. See… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fan Vault — vault consisting of half cones nearly meeting at the apex of the vault, with decorative panelling between the ribs See: Vault, Fan …   Medieval glossary

  • fan vault — noun Date: circa 1901 a Gothic vault in which the ribs from each springer spread out like the vanes of a fan • fan vaulting noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fan vault — a vault composed of a number of concave conoidal surfaces, usually four, springing from the corners of the vaulting compartment and touching or intersecting at the top, often decorated with ribs. See illus. under vault1. * * * …   Universalium

  • fan vault —    A development of lierne vaulting characteristic of English Perpendicular Gothic, in which radiating ribs form a fan like pattern …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Vault (architecture) — A Vault (French. voute, Italian. volta, German. Gewölbe, Polish. sklepienie , Spanish. bóveda ) is an architectural term for an arched form used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof. url=http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article… …   Wikipedia

  • Vault, Fan — 1) Vault with numerous ribs sprining in equal curves, to give fan like effect; 15th and 16th centuries. (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 415) 2) A vault in which ribs of the same length and curvature spring from the same point,… …   Medieval glossary

  • vault — vault1 vaultlike, adj. /vawlt/, n. 1. an arched structure, usually made of stones, concrete, or bricks, forming a ceiling or roof over a hall, room, sewer, or other wholly or partially enclosed construction. 2. an arched structure resembling a… …   Universalium

  • Vault, Barrel — ♦ Continuous arched vault, semi circular, segmental or segmental pointed, plain or with transverse ribs. (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval House, 415) Related terms: Barrel Vault, Vault, Quadripartite, Vault, Sexpartite, Vault, Fan, Vault,… …   Medieval glossary


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