- Castle Howard
property_name = Castle Howard
imgage_name = England1 144.jpg
image_size = 200px
caption = South (garden) Face of Castle Howard
NT/EH/RHS = Castle Howard Estate Ltd
Grade I listedHouse
other = Landscaped gardens
public_access = Yes
exhibition = Yes
country = England
Yorkshire and the Humber
gridSquare = SE7170
address = Castle Howard, York, North Yorkshire
postcode = YO60 7DA
refreshments = Yes
parking = Yes
shop = Yes
webAddress = [http://www.castlehoward.co.uk Castle Howard]
Castle Howard is a
stately homein North Yorkshire, England, 15 miles (24 km) north of York. One of the grandest private residences in Britain, most of it was built between 1699 and 1712 for the 3rd Earl of Carlisle, to a design by Sir John Vanbrugh. It is not a true castle: The word is often used for English country houses constructed after the castle-building era (c.1500) and not intended for a military function.
Castle Howard has been the home of part of the
Howard familyfor more than 300 years.It is familiar to television and movie audiences as the fictional "Brideshead", both in Granada Television's 1981 adaptation of Evelyn Waugh's "Brideshead Revisited" and a two-hour 2008 remake for theatres. Today, it is part of the Treasure Houses of Englandheritage group.
The 3rd Earl of Carlisle first spoke to William Talman, a leading architect, but commissioned Vanbrugh, a fellow member of the
Kit-Cat Club, to design the building. Castle Howard was that gentleman-dilettante's first foray into architecture, but he was assisted by Nicholas Hawksmoor.
Vanbrugh's design evolved into a
Baroquestructure with two projecting wings symmetrically on either side of a north-south axis. The crowning central dome was added to the design at a late stage, after building had begun. Construction began at the east end, with the East Wing constructed from 1701–1703, the east end of the Garden Front from 1701 to 1706, the Central Block (including dome) from 1703 to 1706, and the west end of the Garden Front from 1707-1709. All are exuberantly decorated in Baroque style, with coronets, cherubs, urns and cyphers, with Doric pilasters on the north front and Corinthian on the South. Many interiors were decorated by Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini.
The Earl then turned his energies to the surrounding garden and grounds. Although the complete design in shown in the third volume of
Colen Campbell's " Vitruvius Britannicus", published in 1725, the West Wing was not built (indeed, not even started) by Vanbrugh's death in 1726, despite his remonstration with the Earl. The house remained incomplete on the death of the 3rd Earl in 1738, but construction finally started at the direction of the 4th Earl. However, Vanbrugh's design was not completed: the West Wing was built in a contrasting Palladian style to a design by the 3rd Earl's son-in-law, Sir Thomas Robinson. The new wing remained incomplete, with no first floor or roof, at the death of the 4th Earl in 1758; although a roof had been added, the interior remained undecorated by the death of Robinson in 1777. Rooms were completed stage by stage over the following decades, but the whole was not complete until 1811.
A large part of the house was destroyed by fire which broke out on 9 November 1940, including the central dome. Most but not all of the devastated rooms have been restored over the following decades. The house has been opened to the public since 1952.
Castle Howard has extensive and diverse gardens. There is a large formal garden immediately behind the house. The house is prominently situated on a ridge and this was exploited to create a
landscape garden, which opens out from the formal garden and merges with the park.
Two major garden buildings are set into this landscape: the Temple of the Four Winds at the end of the garden, and the
Mausoleumin the park. There is also a lake on either side of the house. There is an arboretumcalled Ray Wood, and the walled gardencontains decorative roseand flower gardens. Further buildings outside the preserved gardens include the ruined Pyramidcurrently undergoing restoration, an Obeliskand several follies and eyecatchers in the form of fortifications. A John Vanbrugh ornamental pillar known as the Quatre Facesstands in nearby Pretty Wood.
There is also a separate 127
acre(514,000 m²) arboretum called Kew at Castle Howard, which is close to the house and garden, but has separate entrance arrangements. Planting began in 1975, with the intention of creating one of the most important collections of specimen trees in the United Kingdom. The landscape is more open than that of Ray Wood, and the planting remains immature. It is now a joint venture between Castle Howard and Kew Gardensand is managed by a charity called the Castle Howard Arboretum Trust, which was established in 1997. It was opened to the public for the first time in 1999. A new visitor centre opened in 2006.
The house is
Grade I listedand there are many other listed structures on the estate, several of which are on the Buildings at Risk Register.
Castle Howard as film location
In addition to "Brideshead", Castle Howard has stood in for a number of cinematic and television settings:
* "Lady L" (1965) with Sophia Loren, David Niven, Paul Newman, directed by Peter Ustinov
* Lady Lyndon's estate in
Stanley Kubrick's 1975 movie " Barry Lyndon" (exteriors)
* "Brideshead Revisited" 2008 film
*Castle Howard served as a model for a
Department 56piece called Ramsford Palace.
*Celebrity Chef James Martin worked the kitchens aged 10 when his father was Catering Manager at Castle Howard.
A more detailed architectural appraisal of Castle Howard is at
* [http://www.castlehoward.co.uk/ Castle Howard web site]
* [http://www.dicamillocompanion.com/Houses_hgpm.asp?ID=398 Castle Howard entry from The DiCamillo Companion to British & Irish Country Houses]
* [http://www.kewatch.co.uk/ Kew at Castle Howard website]
*IoE|328983|- Grade I
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Look at other dictionaries:
Castle Howard — Façade sur le jardin. Castle Howard est une grande résidence baroque située dans le Yorkshire, en Angleterre, à 40 km d York. C est l un des plus grands châteaux du pays. Il fut construit entre 1699 et 1712 pour Charles Howard, comte de… … Wikipédia en Français
Castle Howard — Aufriss des Schlosses au … Deutsch Wikipedia
Castle Howard — [Castle Howard] a large and grand house in ↑Yorkshire, England, designed by Vanbrugh and Hawksmoor in the early 18th century. It is well known for its ↑baroque style and decoration … Useful english dictionary
Castle Howard — (spr. kaßl hau ērd), s. Malton … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Castle Howard — [ kɑːsl haʊəd], Herrenhaus in der County North Yorkshire, nordöstlich von York, England, eine Dreiflügelanlage, die 1699 1712 von J. Vanbrugh als eines der größten englischen Landschlösser erbaut und bis 1726 von N. Hawksmoor weitergeführt… … Universal-Lexikon
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Castle Howard — a large and grand house in Yorkshire, England, designed by Vanbrugh and Hawksmoor in the early 18th century. It is well known for its baroque style and decoration. * * * … Universalium
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