- Jasper Tudor
Jasper Tudor (Welsh: "Siasbar Tudur"): c. 1431 – December 21/26, 1495,
Earl of Pembrokeand 1st Duke of Bedford, was the uncle of King Henry VII of Englandand the architect of his successful conquest of Englandand Walesin 1485.
Jasper was the third son of
Owen Tudorand the former Queen Catherine of Valois, widow of King Henry V. Hence he was a half-brother to King Henry VI, who, on attaining his majority, made Jasper Earl of Pembroke(sometime in 1452 or 1453).
Through his father, Owen Tudor, he was a direct descendant of
Ednyfed Fychan, Llywelyn the Great's renowned Chancellor; this added greatly to his status in Wales.
Although there was uncertainty as to whether Jasper and his two (or three) brothers were legitimate, their parents' probably secret marriage not being recognised by the authorities, he enjoyed all the privileges appropriate to his birth until 1461, when he was subject to an
attainderfor supporting King Henry VI against the Yorkists, who eventually deposed him.
Wars of the Roses
Jasper was an adventurer whose
militaryexpertise, some of it gained in the early stages of the Wars of the Roses, was considerable. He remained in touch with Margaret of Anjou, Queen of Henry VI, as she struggled to regain her son's inheritance, and he held Denbigh Castlefor the House of Lancaster. He also brought up his nephew, Henry Tudor, whose father had died before his birth, until 1461, when custody was taken over by William Herbert. Following the return of the Yorkist king Edward IV from temporary exile in 1471, Jasper took the teenage Henry with him into exile, this time in Brittany. It was thanks to him that Henry acquired the tactical awareness that made it possible to defeat the far more experienced Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field. On Henry's accession in 1485, Jasper was restored to all his former titles, including Knight of the Garter. He was made Duke of Bedford. In 1488, he took possession of Cardiff Castle.
Marriage and children
Jasper was married on
November 7, 1485to Catherine Woodville(c. 1458 – 1509).
Catherine was the daughter of
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Riversand Jacquetta of Luxembourg, and thus was sister to (among others) Edward IV's queen Elizabeth Woodville, Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Riversand Richard Woodville, 3rd Earl Rivers. She was also the widowof Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham.
They may have had one stillborn son, born c. 1490. Catherine survived Jasper and later married Sir
Richard Wingfieldof Kimbolton Castle.
Jasper reportedly had two illegitimate daughters:
Helen Tudor(born c. 1459), wife of a cloth merchantWilliam Gardiner, sometimes spelled William Gardynyr for his Welsh descent (born c. 1450) and mother of:
Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester(c. 1490 – November 12, 1555)
**Richard Gardiner, (1486 – 1548)
**William Gardiner, (1488 – 1549)
Joan Tudor. Wife of William ap Yevanand reported mother of Morgan ap Williams. Morgan was later married to Catherine Cromwell, an older sister of Tudor statesman Thomas Cromwell. They were fourth-generation ancestors to Oliver Cromwell.
Death and burial
He died in December, 1495, and was buried at
Keynsham Abbeyin Somersetwhich Lady Agnes Cheyne, the incumbent of Chenies Manor House, bequeathed to him in 1494.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Jasper bore the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a "bordure azure with martlets or". [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family] ]
*"Oxford Dictionary of National Biography" -
R. S. Thomas, "Tudor, Jasper, duke of Bedford (c.1431–1495)"
* [http://wbo.llgc.org.uk/en/s-TUDO-SIA-1431.html Welsh Biography Online]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Jasper Tudor — Duque de Bedford y Conde de Pembroke Duque de Bedford 1485 – 1495 … Wikipedia Español
Jasper Tudor — Jasper Tudor, 1. Herzog von Bedford (* 1431; † 21./26. Dezember 1495) war der Onkel von König Heinrich VII. von England. Leben Jasper war der dritte Sohn von Owen Tudor und der früheren Königin Katharina von Valois, Witwe von König Heinrich V. Er … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Jasper Tudor, 1. Duke of Bedford — Wappen Jaspers Jasper Tudor, 1. Duke of Bedford (* 1431; † 21./26. Dezember 1495) war der Onkel von König Heinrich VII. von England. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jasper Tudor, 1. Herzog von Bedford — (* 1431; † 21./26. Dezember 1495) war der Onkel von König Heinrich VII. von England. Leben Jasper war der dritte Sohn von Owen Tudor und der früheren Königin Katharina von Valois, Witwe von König Heinrich V. Er war der Halb … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bedford, Jasper Tudor, duke of, Earl Of Pembroke — ▪ Welsh noble byname Jasper Of Hatfield born c. 1430 died December 21/26, 1495 leader of the Lancastrians in Wales, uncle and guardian of Henry, earl of Richmond, afterward Henry VII of England. The second son of Owen Tudor, founder … Universalium
Jasper (homonymie) — Jasper Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Prénom 2 Patronyme 3 Toponyme … Wikipédia en Français
Jasper Breadley — Jasper Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Prénom 2 Patronyme 3 Toponyme … Wikipédia en Français
Tudor, Jasper, Earl of Pembroke and Duke of Bedford — (c. 1431–1495) As a half brother of HENRY VI and a member of an ancient Welsh family, Jasper Tudor, earl of Pembroke, rallied WALES for the house of LANCASTER during the WARS OF THE ROSES. As uncle of Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, the future… … Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses
Tudor, Edmund, Earl of Richmond — (c. 1430–1456) As a half brother of HENRY VI and a member of an ancient Welsh family, Edmund Tudor, earl of Richmond, was charged with securing WALES for the house of LANCASTER in the mid 1450s. Through his marriage to Margaret BEAUFORT, a… … Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses