- George Barnett
Infobox Military Person
name= George Barnett
born= birth date|1859|12|9
died= death date and age|1930|4|17|1859|12|9
caption= 12th Commandant of the Marine Corps (1914-1920)
allegiance= United States|United States of America
United States Marine Corps
serviceyears= 1881-1883 (U.S. Navy) 1883-1923 (U.S. Marine Corps)
rank= Major General
Commandant of the Marine CorpsDepartment of the Pacific
awards=Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Honor
Major General George Barnett (
9 December 1859— 27 April 1930) was the 12th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps. He was Commandant during the U.S. involvement in World War I. He was born in Lancaster, Wisconsinand grew up in the small town of Boscobel, Wisconsin.
Barnett entered the U.S. Naval Academy in June 1877, graduating in 1881 with the first academy class to provide officers to the Marine Corps. After spending two years at sea as a cadet-midshipman he was transferred to the Marine Corps and was appointed a second lieutenant on
1 July 1883. While serving as a second lieutenant he did duty at the various Marine Barracks in the eastern part of the United Statesand served on board the USS "Pinta" for three years. He was again at sea on the USS "Iroquois" at the time he was promoted to first lieutenant in September 1890.
After completing the second of several tours of sea duty he served one year at the Marine Barracks, Navy Yard,
Washington, D.C., and was then attached to a Marine guard at the World’s Columbian Expositionat Chicago, where he remained until it closed. At that time he resumed his regular duties at the Washington, D.C. Navy Yard.
panish-American War Service
In June 1896, he again went to sea, this time aboard the USS "Vermont". He was transferred to the USS "San Francisco" in December 1897 and to the USS "New Orleans" during the following April. While serving on that vessel during the
Spanish-American War, he participated in several bombardments of the forts at Santiago, Cuba. He was advanced to captainon 11 August 1898, and was transferred to the USS "Chicago" in November of that year.
A Career of Key Commands
Captain Barnett came ashore for duty at Marine Corps Headquarters in Washington, D.C. in May 1901, and was promoted to major shortly afterwards. During the following year he was given command of a battalion of Marines on the USS "Panther" and sent for duty on the
Isthmus of Panama, where they protected American interests and guarded the railway transit of the Isthmus.
Major Barnett returned to Washington in December 1902, only to be placed in command of another battalion of Marines being transferred less than a month later to join the first Brigade of Marines in the
Philippine Islands. Arriving in the Philippines a few months later, he was transferred to duty as a Fleet Marine Officer of the Asiatic Fleetand served on several vessels of that fleet until December 1904, when he rejoined the First Brigade of Marines.
Major Barnett was transferred from the Philippine Islands to Washington, D.C. in April 1905, and shortly after arriving in the United States received a promotion to lieutenant colonel. He served as Commanding Officer, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard in Washington for a period of one year when he was again placed in command of an expeditionary battalion which sailed on board the
USS "Minneapolis" for
Havana, Cuba, where it landed and became part of the Cuban Army of Pacification.
Lieutenant Colonel Barnett’s organization was augmented to a regiment soon after landing in Cuba, while the entire
Marine Expeditionary Forcewas increased to a brigade under the command of Colonel Littleton W.T. Waller. Lt. Colonel Barnett’s regiment was almost immediately transferred to Cianfuegos, where it spread out over a wide area with Barnett controlling a considerable portion of the island. A large army expeditionary force relieved part of the Marines in Cuba and Lt. Colonel Barnett returned to Washington early in November 1906.
After commanding the Marine Barracks in Washington for a period of one year, he was transferred to Marine Corps Headquarters and was shortly afterwards ordered to command the Marine Detachment, American Legation,
Peking, China. Upon completing his tour of duty in the Far East he returned to the United States during the summer of 1910 and assumed command of the Marine Barracks, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was promoted to the rank of colonel on 11 Octoberof that year.
During the next three years he was sent to Cuba, each year in command of the First Regiment of Marines, which was repeatedly sent to that troublesome island on account of serious domestic disturbances, which the United States was obligated to control under provisions of the
Platt Amendment. While this serious undertaking was being conducted, the First Advanced Base Brigade of Marines was organized at Philadelphia, under the command of Col. Barnett. He went with that organization on extensive maneuvers with the Atlantic Fleet to Puerto Ricofrom which he returned on 15 February.
Commandant of the Marine Corps
Barnett was appointed Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps on
25 February 1914for a period of four years. He was the first Commandant to be appointed on a four-year term in accordance with a law passed the previous year. He was promoted to brigadier general on 29 August 1916.
The first important military event of his administration as Commandant was the sending of a reinforced brigade of Marines to take part in the operations which occurred at Verz Cruz,
Mexico, during 1914. A minor intervention in Haitiwas made during that year and an expeditionary force of Marines was kept afloat for some time along the west coast of Mexico. Serious trouble began to brew in both Haiti and Santo Domingoand within a year it was necessary for the Marine Corps under Brig. General Barnett’s guidance to place a brigade of Marines in each of these two countries, where they continued on duty until after the close of his administration. World War Iactivities of the Marine Corps were carried out under the general direction of Brigadier General Barnett as well. The Marine Corps expanded to more than three thousand officers and approximately 75,500 enlisted men. In addition to maintaining the occupation of Haiti and the Dominican Republicand reinforcing the regular stations of the Marine Corps, two brigades of Marines were deployed to France, while other Marine units occupied parts of Cuba, and another Marine brigade was held in reserve in Galveston, Texas. Large training centers were also maintained at Quantico, Virginia, and Parris Island, South Carolina. Brig. Gen. Barnett also saw the Marine Corps through the difficult period of demobilization and reorganization at the close of the war. For his outstanding service, he was honored by the French Government by being made a commander of the Legion of Honor, and he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by the Secretary of the Navy.
He was relieved as Commandant of the Marine Corps on
30 June 1920, by order of the Secretary of the Navy. On 5 March 1921, he was given the regular rank of Major General. He spent the remaining years of his active service as Commanding General of the Department of the Pacific.
Major General Barnett retired on
9 December 1923, having reached the statutory age limit of sixty-four years. He died on 27 April 1930in Washington D.C., and was buried in the Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia, in a section reserved for the members of the Naval Academy Class of 1881. [ [http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/gbarnett.htm George Barnett, Major General, United States Marine Corps ] ]
General Barnett is related to the military strategist
Thomas PM Barnett.
* [http://hqinet001.hqmc.usmc.mil/HD/Home_Page.htm Untitled Document ] at hqinet001.hqmc.usmc.mil Marine Corps History and Museum web site.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
George Washington Carver — Fotografía de George Washington Carver tomada por Frances Benjamin Johnston en 1906 … Wikipedia Español
George Tiller — Born George Richard Tiller August 8, 1941(1941 08 08) Wichita, Kansas, US Died May 31, 2009( … Wikipedia
George Stevens — Données clés Naissance 18 décembre 1904 Oakland, Californie États Unis Nationalité Américaine Déc … Wikipédia en Français
George A. Custer — George Armstrong Custer Pour les articles homonymes, voir Armstrong et George Armstrong. George Armstrong Custer George Armstrong Custer était un général … Wikipédia en Français
George W. Towns — George Towns George Washington Bonaparte Towns (* 4. Mai 1801 im Wilkes County, Georgia; † 15. Juli 1854 in Macon, Georgia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Georgia, den er außerdem im Kongress vertrat … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Frederic Watts — Autoportrait (1879), huile sur toile National Portrait Gallery … Wikipédia en Français
George Barna — Born 1954 New York City, USA Alma mater Boston College, Rutgers University, Dallas Baptist University Occupation … Wikipedia
George Worthington — (September 21, 1813 ndash; November 9, 1871) was a 19th century merchant and banker in Cleveland, Ohio, who founded the Geo. Worthington Company, a wholesale hardware and industrial distribution firm, in 1829 (until 1991 Cleveland s oldest extant … Wikipedia
George Abraham Grierson — (* 7. Januar 1851, Glenageary, Irland; † 9. März 1941, Camberley, Vereinigtes Königreich) war ein bedeutender britischer Orientalist und Linguist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographie 2 Auszeichnungen … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Troup — George Michael Troup (* 8. September 1780 in McIntosh Bluff, Baldwin County, Alabama; † 26. April 1856 im Montgomery County, Georgia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Georgia, den er auch in beiden Kammern des… … Deutsch Wikipedia