Incantations (album)


Incantations (album)

Infobox Album |
Name = Incantations
Type = studio
Artist = Mike Oldfield


Released = start date|1978|11|24|df=yes
Recorded = December 1977 - September 1978 at Througham
Genre = Progressive rock
Length = 72:44
Label = Virgin
Producer = Mike Oldfield
Reviews =
* Allmusic Rating|3|5 [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:krcibkg9hakv link]
Last album = "Ommadawn"
(1975)
This album = "Incantations"
(1978)
Next album = "Exposed"
(1979)
Misc = Extra chronology 2
Artist = Mike Oldfield studio album
Type = studio
Last album = "Ommadawn"
(1975)
This album = "Incantations"
(1978)
Next album = "Platinum"
(1979)
Extra album cover 2
Upper caption = CD cover
Type = studio


Lower caption = CD cover typeface
Singles
Name = Incantations
Type = studio
Single 1 = Guilty
Single 1 date = 21 April 1979

"Incantations" is a double album written and produced by Mike Oldfield. Released in late 1978 (see 1978 in music), it was his fourth studio album, and the first to feature a piece divided into more than two movements.

The current CD issue fits the entire album onto one disc. It is the second longest work Oldfield has ever released.

Charts

It peaked at #14 on the UK album chart, and also at #14 on the Norwegian album chart.

Overview

Despite being the most large-scale work by Oldfield, many moments of the album can be described as being compositionally minimalist, featuring melodic lines repeated in simple forms with only a few instruments at a time.

"Incantations" was recorded at Througham, Mike Oldfield's home after he completed "Ommadawn". It was his desire to create an album that would make use of a small orchestra, and some of his own statements indicate that he may have moved into his new house simply because it had room for one. He had used "extra-instrumental" ensembles previously, such as the brass ensemble on "Ommadawn" and the string/choir group on "Hergest Ridge" before that, but they form a major part of "Incantations".

It was during the creation of "Incantations" that Mike Oldfield underwent the assertiveness training course "Exegesis", and between the earlier parts and the later parts of the album there is a definite difference in style, possibly due to the course. The course may have had added effects to bolster his confidence, as it was almost immediately thereafter that Oldfield went on his first live tour with "Incantations".

The lyrics in "Part Two" are taken from Longfellow's "The Song of Hiawatha", though rearranged in places to conform more to the music.

The lyrics in "Part Four" are Ben Jonson's "Ode to Cynthia" from "Cynthia's Revels", but adjusted again to match the music.

Track listing

# "Part one" - 19:08
# "Part two" - 19:36
# "Part three" - 16:58
# "Part four" - 17:01

Miscellanea

* Along with some other pieces of Oldfield's work, a different version of "Part Four" was used for the soundtrack of Tony Palmer's "The Space Movie"; the lyrics there are from Kathleen Raine's "A Spell for Creation".
* When the CD version was released, due to the shorter length of the format at the time, many early pressings have "Part Three" shortened from 16:59 down to 13:49 by cutting from the beginning. When 74-minute CDs became the norm and quality control was increased, the full cut of "Part Three" was restored. All modern pressings have the full version of the piece.
* Essentially, the first few minutes of "Part Two" are backward. When this section is played in reverse, music very closely resembling one of the main themes from "Part One" is heard.

Artwork

The cover was once again done by Trevor Key. The beach in the cover photograph is Cala Pregonda, in Menorca. The current CD sleeve has a different typeface than the original album. The LP artwork is shown at the top of the infobox, the CD at the bottom. Early copies of the album came with a poster featuring a subtly different photograph from the one used on the cover.

The cover photograph used may have been altered by Key, which we can see from the apparent 'cut marks' around Oldfield on the image. There have been some theories about why this may have been done; one being that Oldfield was not on the beach (which is contradicted by other photographs from the shoot) or Key simply cut and paste the image for artistic reasons.

Personnel

* Mike Oldfield - acoustic and electric bass guitars, electric guitars, piano, synthesizers, percussion, electronically processed vocals

With, alphabetically:

* David Bedford - conductor for strings and choir
* Sebastian Bell - flutes
* Jabula - African drums
* Mike Laird - trumpet
* Pierre Moerlen - drums, vibraphones on "Part 4" (credited "Pierre Moerlin" with a typo)
* Sally Oldfield - vocals
* Terry Oldfield - flutes
* Maddy Prior - vocals on Song of Hiawatha
* The Queen's College Girls Choir - vocals

External links

* [http://tubular.net/discography/Incantations.shtml Mike Oldfield Discography - "Incantations"] at Tubular.net


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