- Purple (government)
Purple(or Paars in Dutch) is the nickname of a government coalition of social-democrats and liberals, excluding Christian-democrats. It is derived from the combination of the colour of the liberals ( blue) and social-democrats ( red).
Both the Netherlands and Belgium have had such governments. In the Netherlands the two cabinets of
Wim Kok(Kok I and Kok II) were composed of social-democrats ( PvdA), progressive liberals (D66) and conservative liberals ( VVD). The formation of the first purple cabinet was very innovative at the time, combining what was perceived as two extremes: the social-democratic PvdA and the conservative liberal VVD. The progressive liberal D66 was seen as the glue of the cabinet. The cabinet was characterized by consensus, known as the ' poldermodel'. Bill Clintonand Tony Blairhailed Wim Kok and his cabinet for being a perfect example of the so-called Third Way.
In Belgian politics, the term is used as a term for the two governments of
Guy Verhofstadt, from 1999to the general elections of 2007. These cabinets consisted out of social democrats ( SP.Aand PS) and liberals ( VLDand MR). The first government also included the green parties Agalevand Ecolo.
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