- St David's
infobox UK place
country = Wales
official_name= St David's
constituency_westminster= Preseli Pembrokeshire
post_town= HAVERFORDWEST|postcode_district = SA62
postcode_area= SA |dial_code= 01437
population= 1,797 (2001 census [ [http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=801079&c=st.+davids&d=16&e=15&g=416268&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 Office for National Statistics Parish Headcounts: St David's and the Cathedral Close] ] )
St David's (Welsh: "Tyddewi") is the smallest city in the
United Kingdom, with a population of under 2,000 people. It lies on the River Alun, on Saint David's peninsulain Pembrokeshire, Wales. St David's is the "de facto" ecclesiasticalcapital of Wales and birthplace of Saint David, the patron saintof Wales.
The area was originally known in the
Welsh languageas Mynyw or Menevia in Latinand was later renamed in honour of the Saint. The city is built around St David's Cathedral, which in the Middle Ageswas a popular place of pilgrimage. Next to it, the 14th century Bishop's Palaceis a ruin now in the care of Cadwand open to visitors. It was once a marcher borough. Owen, in 1603, described it as one of five Pembrokeshire boroughs overseen by a portreeve. [Owen, George, "The Description of Penbrokshire by George Owen of Henllys Lord of Kemes", Henry Owen (Ed), London, 1892]
Tradition states that
St Davidwas born to Saint Nonat what is now St Non's, a ten minute walk south of the city, in about 500 AD. It is also said that he was baptised at Porthclais, now the city's port, and that he founded the city in around 550 AD. Pope Calixtus IIdecreed that two pilgrimages to St Davids was equal to one to Rome. Because of this a vast income was raised by visiting pilgrims in the Middle Ages. [ [http://www.history.uk.com/articles/index.php?archive=14 history.uk.com: St Davids day, Pembrokeshire] Retrieved on 2008-02-16] Saint Non's Well overlooks the Pembrokeshire Coast Pathand St Brides Bay. The dramatic Cambriancliffs make this a popular spot for walkers and sea-kayakers.
Other than the
cathedral, attractions in the city include the 13th centuryTower Gate, the Celtic Old Cross and a number of art galleries. St David's is also a popular base for walkingand water sports. It has several hotels and a youth hostel, and a number of pubs, including The Farmer's Arms.St David's is the only city in the United Kingdom to lie entirely in a national park[ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/history/sites/st_david/pages/st_davids.shtml bbc.co.uk: Wales history] Retrieved on 2008-02-16] , the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, and it lies near the Pembrokeshire Coast Path.
St David's hosted the
National Eisteddfodin 2002.
The St David's lifeboat, located at St Justinian, has saved numerous lives since the first lifeboat was located there in 1869. Indeed a number of heroic lifeboatmen here have lost theirs in pursuit of saving others. The dangers are due in the main to the treacherous reefs and formations off the coast together with the unpredictable
Irish Seaconditions. Fact|date=February 2007
The entire coastline around St David's forms part of the
Pembrokeshire Coast National Park.
Local agriculture has declined in recent years, with the once buoyant crop of Pembrokeshire first early new
potatoes having largely died out due to pressure from the supermarkets.Fact|date=February 2007
football (soccer)team is St. David's City F.C.
People from St David's
Henry Hicks (born 1837-died 1899), a Welsh
physician, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons( MRCS), President of the Geological Societyand Fellow of the Royal Society(FRS). He studied the Precambrianrocks of Anglesey, Caernarvonshireand Pembrokeshire, the Devonianrocks of Devonand Somerset, and cave deposits in Denbighshire. He was born on the 29th of May 1837 at St Davids, followed in the footsteps of his father Thomas Hicks and studied medicine at Guy's Hospital, and then practised in St Davids from 1862 until 1871. The musician David Graywas a pupil at St Davids School.
Smallest cities in the United Kingdom
Saint David's Day
* [http://www.stdavids.gov.uk/ St Davids City Council]
* [http://www.visitpembrokeshire.com/(A(ZhKqJoxvyAEkAAAANGFhY2YxOTItNzQ3ZC00NWM4LTllYjYtZTg0NjNjNmFmODE50))/st-davids.aspx St David's at www.visitpembrokeshire.com]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=2638979 www.geograph.co.uk : photos of St Davids and surrounding area]
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