Ghat


Ghat

Infobox Settlement
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:"For the Indian mountains, see Ghats."Ghat ( _ar. غات) is a city in the municipality of Ghat in remote south-western Libya.

History

In historical times, Ghat was a major terminal point on the Trans-Saharan trade route. It was a stronghold for the Kel Ajjer Tuareg federation until 1913 when the city was occupied from the Italian colonialist.Any way the control was precarious for a long time (until 1923 with the fascim regime), from the moment that in that epoch it was very strong the active presence of the brotherhood of the Senussia.To defend their positions, Italians completed the construction of a fortress (erect in the 19° century) that dominates the city from the hill of Koukemen. This fort still standing represent a tourist destination of the city.' During the second world war, Ghat was occupied by French in 1943 until January 1, 1952, when the UN General Assembly passed a resolution stating that Libya should become independent.

Ghat was the stronghold of the Kel Ajjer Tuareg confederation, this traditional entity covers the south-western Libya (to Ubari, Sebha and Ghadames) and south-eastern Algeria (Djanet and Alezi).

Tourism

Nowadays, it is an important tourist destination due to the existence in the neighboring Tadrart Acacus and Tassili N'Ajjer mountains of prehistoric rock paintings and engravings, in addition to the beauty of the surrounding desert landscapes. The city itself is the site of the Fortress of Ghat.

Villages and secondary oases of Ghat

*Serdeles
*Tahala
*Fewat

Neighboring villages

*Adales
*Albarkat
*Fewat
*Dejjan
*Tahala
*Serdeles
*Isayan
*Djanet, located in Algeria.
*Tin Alkum, located in Algeria.

References

*Jami Bey, "Ghat and its Surroundings", "The Geographical Journal" Vol. 34, No. 2 Aug. 1909, pp. 171-173


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ghat — Ghât Ghâts sur les rives du Gange à Vârânasî Le mot ghât marches désigne en Inde les marches qui recouvrent les rives des cours d eau ou les berges des bassins ou tanks et permettent de descendre au contact de l eau. Par extension, ghât est aussi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ghat — ● ghat nom masculin (mot sanskrit) En Inde, escalier sur les rives d un fleuve. ghât [gat] n. m. ÉTYM. Fin XIXe, Encycl. Berthelot; mot hindi, par l anglais ghat, 1877. ❖ ♦ (Généralt au plur.). En Inde, Grands escaliers sur les rives du Gange,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ghat — Ghaut Ghaut, n. [Hind. gh[=a]t.] [1913 Webster] 1. A pass through a mountain. [India] J. D. Hooker. [1913 Webster] 2. A range of mountains. Balfour (Cyc. of Ind. ). [1913 Webster] 3. Stairs descending to a river; a landing place; a wharf. [India] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ghat — or ghaut [gôt, gät] n. [Hindi ghāṫ] in India, a) a mountain pass b) a flight of steps leading down to a river landing for ritual bathers …   English World dictionary

  • Ghat — Ghat, 1) (seltener Gat), großes Gebirge auf der Vorderindischen Halbinsel (Südasien); die Westlichen Ghats laufen fast parallel mit der Westküste, steigen selten über 3000 Fuß, erreichen im Süden im Nilgherrygebirge (Blaue Berge) ihre größte Höhe …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ghat — (Rhat), Oase in der nördlichen Sahara, im südwestlichen Fezzan, zwischen dem Tassiliplateau im W. und der Akakuskette im O., unter 24°57 nördl. Br. u. 10°12 östl. L., 726 m ü. M., 915 km von Tripolis, mit 8000 Einw. Die Stadt G. ist von einer… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ghat — Ghat, im Hindustani s.v.w. Ufertreppe; Ostghats und Westghats, die beiden vom ind. Hochland Dekhan zum Ind. Ozean abfallenden Gebirgszüge …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ghat [2] — Ghāt (Rhāt), Oase in der mittlern Sahara, südwestl. von Fessan, 4000 E., mit Negern vermischte Berbern …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • ghat — [ gat ] noun count INDIAN ENGLISH in India, the steps leading down to a river or lake where people wash themselves …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • ghat — also ghaut, from Hindi, “pass, mountain,” from Skt. ghattah landing place, of unknown origin …   Etymology dictionary