- USS California (CGN-36)
USS "California" and her sister ship USS|South Carolina|CGN-37|6 were equipped with two Mk-13 launchers, fore and aft, for the Standard Missile, one
ASROCmissile launcher, and two Mk-141 launchers for the RGM-84 Harpoonmissiles. They were equipped with two 5"/54 caliber Mark 45 gunrapid-fire cannons, fore and aft. These two cruisers also had a unique arrangement aft of the superstructure, with a flight deck. There was also a full suite of anti-submarine warfare equipment. Thus, these ships were designed to face all threats, in the air, on the surface, and underwater.
The contract to build her was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company in
Newport News, Virginiaon 13 June 1968and her keel was laid down on 23 January 1970. She was launched on 22 September 1971sponsored with a "near miss" of the champagne bottle by First Lady of the United States Pat Nixon, and commissioned on 16 February 1974by The Honorable James E. Johnson, Assistant Secretary, US Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), with Captain Floyd H. Miller, Jr., in command. She was commissioned as a frigate(DLGN); her designation was changed to cruiser(CGN) on 30 June 1975.
She represented the
United States Navyin the 1977 Silver Jubileenaval review in Portsmouth, honoring Queen Elizabeth II. In 1980, she circumnavigated the globe, the first nuclear-powered warship to do so since the USS|Enterprise|CVN-65|6 and her task force in 1964.
Decommissioned and stricken from the
Naval Vessel Registeron 9 July 1999, "California" entered the Nuclear Powered Ship-Submarine recycling programat Puget Sound Naval Shipyardon 1 October 1998. Scrapping was completed on 12 May 2000.
J. Lanier Yeatesserved aboard the USS "California" in 1974 and 1998. In 2005, he wrote "Bay of One Hundred Fires," an alternate history novel in which the "California" is overhauled and upgraded, and plays a key role in fighting Iraqi president Saddam Hussein, who has created a stockpile of weapons of mass destruction.
* [http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/CGN36.htm Naval Vessel Register - CGN-36]
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