- Black bag operation
Black bag operations (or "black bag jobs") are
covertor clandestine surreptitious entries into structures to obtain information for human intelligence operations. This usually entails breaking and enteringinto denied areas. Some of the tactics, techniques and procedures associated with black bag operations are: lock picking, safe cracking, key impressions, fingerprinting, photography, electronic surveillance(including audio and video surveillance), forgeryand a host of other related skills.
Use in the FBI
In black bag operations,
Federal Bureau of Investigationagents illegally entered offices of targeted individuals and organizations, and photographedinformation found in their records. This practice was used by the FBI from 1942 until 1967. In July 1966, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover ordered the practice discontinued. [ [http://foia.fbi.gov/foiaindex/bboperations.htm Federal Bureau of Investigation - Freedom of Information Privacy Act ] ]
The use of "black bag jobs" by the
FBIwas declared unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Courton 19 June 1972in the Plamondon case, 407 U.S. 297.
*Peter Wright. "Spy Catcher: The Candid Autobiography of a Senior Intelligence Officer". Penguin USA, 1987. ISBN 0-670-82055-5.
* [http://www.icdc.com/~paulwolf/cointelpro/churchfinalreportIIIf.htm Warrantless Surreptitious Entries: FBI "Black Bag" Break-ins And Microphone Installations]
* [http://people.howstuffworks.com/11-terms-used-by-spies.htm 11 Terms Used by Spies] - [http://www.howstuffworks.com HowStuffWorks.Com] article explaining espionage terminology
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