- List of New York City Subway lines
The New York City Subway is a heavy-rail public transit system serving four of the five boroughs of New York City. The present New York City Subway system inherited the systems of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT), Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT), and the Independent Subway System (IND). New York City has owned the IND since its inception; the BMT and IRT were taken over by the city in 1940. The former IRT system is now known as the A Division, while the B Division is the combined former BMT and IND systems.
Primary Trunk line Color Pantone  Service bullets BMT Broadway Line Sunflower yellow PMS 116 IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line Tomato red PMS 185 BMT Canarsie Line Light slate gray 50% black IND Crosstown Line Lime green PMS 376 IND Eighth Avenue Line Vivid blue PMS 286 IRT Flushing Line Raspberry PMS Purple IRT Lexington Avenue Line Apple green PMS 355 BMT Nassau Street Line Terra cotta brown PMS 154 Shuttles Dark slate gray 70% black IND Sixth Avenue Line Bright orange PMS 165 Station service legend Symbol Description Stops in station at all times Stops all times except late nights Stops late nights only Stops late nights and weekends only Stops weekdays only Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except weekdays Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only Station is closed (Details about time periods)
In the nomenclature of the Subway, the terms "line" and "service" are not interchangeable with each other. While in popular usage the word "line" is often used synonymously with "service", this list will use the formal usage of the term "line."
A line is the physical structure and tracks that trains run over. Each section of the system is assigned a unique line name that is paired with its original division (IRT, BMT or IND). For example, the line under Eighth Avenue is the IND Eighth Avenue Line. Some lines have changed names (and even divisions), but this happens relatively infrequently.
By contrast, a service refers to the route that a train takes across the various lines. A service can operate along several lines and even along different divisions. For example, the R operates along the IND Queens Boulevard Line as well as the BMT Broadway Line and the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. Each service is also assigned a color. Since 1979, each service's color corresponds to the line it primarily uses in Midtown Manhattan—defined as the trunk line—with these exceptions: the IND Crosstown Line, which doesn't carry services to Manhattan, is colored light green; and all shuttles are colored dark gray. The list of trunk lines and colors is shown in the table on the right.
Lines in service
There are currently 34 rail lines in service, one (the BMT 63rd Street Line) not in revenue service, and one (the Second Avenue Subway) is under construction. The Archer Avenue Line and the 63rd Street Line are classified as two separate lines each due to their structure: both lines are able to serve two divisions (the BMT and the IND) on distinct sections of track.
In the list below, lines in italics indicate trunk lines, which determine the colors that are used for service's route bullets and diamonds. The opening date refers to the opening of the first section of track for the line. In the "division" column, the current division is followed by the original division in parentheses.
Division Line Borough(s) Service(s) Opened Structure B (IND) Second Avenue Line Manhattan N/A under construction underground B (BMT) Fourth Avenue Line Brooklyn D
June 22, 1915 underground B (IND) Sixth Avenue Line Manhattan
January 1936 underground B (IND) Eighth Avenue Line Manhattan
September 10, 1932 underground A (IRT) 42nd Street Shuttle Manhattan S October 27, 1904 underground[a] B (BMT) 63rd Street Line Manhattan no regular service October 29, 1989 underground B (IND) 63rd Street Line Manhattan
F October 29, 1989 underground B (BMT) Archer Avenue Line Queens J
December 11, 1988 underground B (IND) Archer Avenue Line Queens E December 11, 1988 underground B (BMT) Astoria Line Queens N
April 21, 1917 elevated B (BMT) Brighton Line Brooklyn B
July 2, 1878 underground, open cut, at-grade, embankment, elevated B (BMT) Broadway Line Manhattan N
September 4, 1917 underground A (IRT) Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line Bronx
October 27, 1904 underground, elevated[a] B (BMT) Canarsie Line Manhattan
L October 21, 1865 underground, elevated, at-grade B (IND) Concourse Line Bronx
July 1, 1933 underground B (IND) Crosstown Line Brooklyn
G August 19, 1933 underground B (IND) Culver Line Brooklyn F
March 16, 1919 underground, elevated[c] A (IRT) Dyre Avenue Line Bronx 5 May 15, 1941 at-grade, underground, elevated[b] A (IRT) Eastern Parkway Line Brooklyn 2
January 9, 1908 underground A (IRT) Flushing Line Manhattan
7 <7> June 22, 1915 underground, elevated B (BMT) Franklin Avenue Shuttle Brooklyn S July 2, 1878 at-grade, open cut B (IND) Fulton Street Line Brooklyn
April 9, 1936 underground, elevated[d] B (BMT) Jamaica Line Brooklyn
February 2, 1885 elevated A (IRT) Jerome Avenue Line Bronx 4 June 12, 1917 elevated, underground A (IRT) Lenox Avenue Line Manhattan 2
November 23, 1904 underground A (IRT) Lexington Avenue Line Manhattan 4
October 27, 1904 underground[a] B (BMT) Myrtle Avenue Line Brooklyn
M December 19, 1889 elevated, at-grade B (BMT) Nassau Street Line Manhattan J
September 16, 1908 underground A (IRT) New Lots Line Brooklyn 2
November 23, 1920 elevated A (IRT) Nostrand Avenue Line Brooklyn 2
August 23, 1920 underground A (IRT) Pelham Line Bronx 6 <6> August 1, 1918 underground, elevated B (IND) Queens Boulevard Line Queens E
August 19, 1933 underground B (IND) Rockaway Line Queens A
June 28, 1956 at-grade, embankment, elevated[e] B (BMT) Sea Beach Line Brooklyn N June 22, 1915 open cut, at-grade B (BMT) West End Line Brooklyn D June 24, 1916 elevated, at-grade A (IRT) White Plains Road Line Bronx 2
July 10, 1905 elevated, underground
The following list shows the connections between the different divisions of the New York City Subway.
These connections can be used by trains in revenue service.
- 60th Street Tunnel Connection (Queens) (BMT/IND) (R train)
- 63rd Street Lines (BMT 63rd St Line / IND 63rd St Line) (Manhattan) (BMT/IND)
- Astoria Line / Flushing Line (Queens) (BMT/IRT) – This connection is not for revenue service due to the differing widths of the trains.
- Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue station (BMT/IND) (originally all BMT) (D F N Q trains)
- Chrystie Street Connection (Manhattan) (BMT/IND) via the Manhattan Bridge (B D trains) and via the Williamsburg Bridge (M train)
These connections are located within the subway's rail yards and are not intended for revenue service.
- 207th Street Yard (Manhattan) (IND/IRT); trains from the IND Eighth Avenue Line and IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
- Coney Island Complex (Brooklyn) (BMT/IND); trains from the BMT Brighton Line, IND Culver Line, BMT Sea Beach Line and BMT West End Line
- Concourse Yard (Bronx) (IND/IRT); trains from the IND Concourse Line and IRT Jerome Avenue Line
- Linden Yard (Brooklyn) (BMT/IRT/LIRR); trains from the BMT Canarsie Line and IRT New Lots Line
The following New York City Subway lines are either entirely defunct or have major portions no longer in service. Defunct spur lines with one station, such as the South Ferry loops, are not included in this list, nor are surface transit lines.
Division Line Borough(s) Opened Closed Structure Status A (IRT) Second Avenue Line Manhattan March 1, 1880 June 13, 1942 elevated Entirely demolished A (IRT) Third Avenue Line Manhattan
August 26, 1878 April 28, 1973 elevated ended service to Manhattan on May 12, 1955
B (BMT) Third Avenue Line Brooklyn elevated Entirely demolished B (BMT) Fifth Avenue Line Brooklyn elevated Entirely demolished A (IRT) Sixth Avenue Line Manhattan 1878 December 4, 1938 elevated Entirely demolished A (IRT) Ninth Avenue Line Manhattan
July 1, 1868 August 31, 1958 elevated ended service to Manhattan on June 11, 1940
Entirely demolished; except for the two underground stations at Sedgwick Avenue and Anderson – Jerome Avenue in the Bronx
B (BMT) Canarsie Line Brooklyn 19th Century November 21, 1942 at-grade Line from Canarsie – Rockaway Parkway to Canarsie Pier replaced with streetcars, then abandoned and replaced with buses. B (BMT) Culver Line Brooklyn elevated Line from Ditmas Avenue to Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue taken over by the IND in 1954;[c]
remainder of line to Ninth Avenue abandoned in 1975 and demolished in 1985.
B (BMT) Fulton Street Line Brooklyn
elevated Line west of Hudson Street – 80th Street demolished;[d]
remainder of line taken over by the IND in 1956.
A (IRT) IRT trunk line Manhattan October 27, 1904 July 17, 1918 underground Separated into the Broadway – Seventh Avenue, Lexington Avenue and 42nd Street Shuttle lines[a] B (BMT) Lexington Avenue Line Brooklyn elevated Line west of Gates Avenue demolished B (BMT) Jamaica Line Brooklyn
elevated Line west of Marcy Avenue demolished
Line east of 121st Street demolished
B (BMT) Myrtle Avenue Line Brooklyn
1888-1924 1944-1969 elevated Line west of Broadway demolished B (IND) World's Fair Line Queens 1939 1940 at-grade Entirely demolished
- a The route of the original IRT line, the first underground New York City rapid transit line, began at City Hall in the south, followed the IRT Lexington Avenue Line to 33rd Street, turned west on 42nd Street to Grand Central, followed the IRT 42nd Street Shuttle to Times Square, turned north on Broadway to 50th Street, followed the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and terminated at 145th Street.
- b The IRT Dyre Avenue Line was formed from the purchase of abandoned New York, Westchester and Boston Railway trackage in 1941.
- c The formation of the IND Culver Line occurred when the IND "recaptured" (e.g. New York City took over lines it had built for private companies) the trackage rights of the BMT Culver Line in 1954, connecting Ditmas Avenue to Church Avenue, the terminus of the IND Brooklyn Line.
- d For the extension of the IND Fulton Street Line in 1956, The IND "recaptured" the trackage rights of the BMT Fulton Street Line, connecting Hudson Street–80th Street to Grant Avenue.
- e The IND Rockaway Line was formed from the purchase of some trackage from the Long Island Rail Road's Rockaway Park Branch and Far Rockaway Branch in 1955.
- ^ Official paint monikers since the colors were fixed in 1979: Grynbaum, Michael (May 10, 2010). "Take the Tomato 2 Stops to the Sunflower". New York Times, City Room Blog. http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/05/10/take-the-tomato-to-the-sunflower/. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- ^ Official MTA video mentions "lime green" for the G line. "Subway Colors and Names". MTA Info. July 15, 2010. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yZ83UhBJFP0. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- ^ MTA Developer Resources Download, CSV file
- ^ Hogarty, Dave (August 3, 2007). "Michael Hertz, Designer of the NYC Subway Map". Gothamist. http://gothamist.com/2007/08/03/michael_hertz_d.php. Retrieved July 4, 2009.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i "New York City Subway BMT Division Timeline". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/bmttime.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- ^ "New York City Subway IND 6th Ave Line". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/lines/6thave.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i "New York City Subway IND Division Timeline". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/indtime.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "New York City Subway IRT Division Timeline". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/irttime.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- ^ a b "New York City Subway Brighton Beach Line". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/lines/brighton.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
New York City Subway lines A
DivisionBMTManhattan/QueensEastern divisionSouthern divisionFormerManhattan/BronxBrooklyn/QueensFutureSecond AvenueFormer
ConnectionsPurpose-BuiltYardsOther New York City Subway Services
· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·
8 · 9 · AA · BB · CC · EE (8 Avenue) · EE (Broadway) · GG · H · HH (Court Street) · HH (Rockaway Park) · JJ · K (Jamaica) · K (8 Avenue) · KK · LL · MJ · NX · P · QB · QJ · QT · RJ · RR · T · TT · U · V · W · X · Y · JFK ExpressShuttlesBMT
Capital projects Divisions StationsBoroughsThe Bronx · Brooklyn · Manhattan · QueensTypes Other lists Miscellaneous
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