infobox UK place
country = England
map_type= Greater Manchester
population= 10,196 (2001 Census)
metropolitan_borough= City of Manchester
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= Manchester Blackley
postcode_district = M9
os_grid_reference= SD874027 Blackley (Audio|En-uk-Blackley.ogg|pronunciation; IPA|/'bleɪklɪ/ "blake-ley") is a district of
Manchester, in North West England. It is about three and a half miles northeast of Manchester city centre.
Blackley lies in a bend of the
River Irk, just south of Boggart Hole Cloughand on the east and west sides of Rochdale Road, a major route from Manchester to the north and to the M60 orbital motorway. The village (centre) of Blackley is just to the west of Rochdale Road.
The hamlet of Blackley was mentioned in the
Domesday Book. The name derives from the Anglo-Saxon Blæclēah = "dark wood" or "dark clearing". In the 13th and 14th centuries Blackley was referred to as "Blakeley" or "Blakelegh", a spelling that is consistent with the local pronunciation.cite web | title = Townships: Blackley | work = A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4 (1911), pp. 255-59 | publisher = British History Online | url = http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=41412 | format = HTTP| accessdate = 2007-04-10]
Middle Ages, Blackley had become a park belonging to the lords of Manchester. Its value in 1282 was recorded as £6 13s 4d, a sum approximately equivalent in buying power to £3,500 today. [cite web | title = Currency converter | publisher = The National Archives | url = http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/currency/ | format = HTTP| accessdate = 2007-04-10]
The lords of Manchester leased the land from time to time. In 1473
John Byronheld the leases on Blackley village, Blackley field, and Pillingworth fields at an annual rent of £33 6s 8d. The Byron family continued to hold the land until the beginning of the 17th century when Blackley was sold in parcels to a number of landowners.
By the middle of the 17th century Blackley was a village of just 107 inhabitants. Blackley today is hardly recognisable as the same rural area that it had been at the start of the 20th century. Now only local place names like "Meadows School", "Plant Hill" or "French Barn Lane" hint at its rural past. [cite web | title = Districts and suburbs of Manchester | work = Blackley | publisher = Papillon Graphics' Virtual Encyclopaedia of Greater Manchester | url = http://www.manchester2002-uk.com/districts/blackley.html | format =
HTTP| accessdate = 2007-04-10]
Member of Parliament(MP) is Graham Stringer(Labour).
During the 1930s substantial residential development took place in Blackley to provide overspill housing for Manchester's growing population.
This is an area with a mixture of housing which is mainly council homes—owner-occupied, private renting and
housing association. It is part of the "North Manchester Regeneration Area" — a special project set up by Manchester City Counciland private company Bellway's to improve existing housing, build new homes and improve the environment. There are about 240 council homes, all managed by Northwards Housing. About 150 are flats in small blocks. The rest are houses (mostly two or three-bedroom, with a handful of larger properties).
Blackley is well served in terms of green space and parks, with significant open spaces at Tweedale Common, Irk Valley, Blackley Forest, Nutbank Common,
Heaton Parkand Boggart Hole Clough. Heaton Park is the largest park in the Manchester area, and the largest municipal park in Western Europe, providing some 25% of Manchester's total green space.
Boggart Hole Clough
Boggart Hole Cloughis a country park where many walks can be undertaken, guided or otherwise. Thanks to recent funding the park now has many leisure facilities; a bowling green, tennis and basketball courts, a boating lake and a children's play area. It has its own permanent orienteeringcourse and an athletics track. Visitors can enjoy family fun days in the summer and an annual fireworkdisplay.
A site of biological importance and a fine example of one of the country's first Community Woodlands. Planted to commemorate fallen soldiers of the
Second World War, the forest is a diverse mix of woodland, grassland and wetlands, dissected by a well established network of paths and steps. The River Irkcan be seen in its most natural state, fringed by birchtrees with some colonies of autumn crocus.
Heaton Park, at around nowrap|convert|600|acre|km2|2|lk=on, is the biggest park in Greater Manchester. It is the grounds of Heaton Hall, a Grade I listed, neoclassical 18th century country mansion. The hall was remodelled to a design by James Wyattin 1772, and is now open to the public as a museum and events venue. Although the park is officially part of the city of Manchester, two of the entrances are accessed from Middleton Road in Blackley.
Like many areas in Manchester, Blackley is very well served by buses primarily along the main A664 Rochdale Road directly to and from Manchester city centre.
Manchester's M60 orbital motorway is the northern boundary of Blackley.
Blackley has a number of primary schools which include:
* Crab Lane Primary School
* St Clare's RC Primary School
* Camberwell Park School
* Victoria Avenue Community Primary School
* Bowker Vale Primary School
* Mount Carmel RC Primary School
* Crosslee Community Primary School
* St John Bosco's RC Primary School
* Pike Fold Primary School
* Holy Trinity Primary School
Blackley has two secondary state schools;
Plant Hill Arts College, and Our Lady's RC Sports College. Each school has in excess of 800 pupils, and both rank average in the Manchester district in terms of results achieved and attendance.
Blackley Golf Club
Blackley Golf Club has occupied its present site close to the M60 since 1937, following the acquisition of the original course by
Manchester City Council.
The only Saturday team to play in Blackley, they played in the Manchester Premier League. The club lost its ground in Blackley village when it was earmarked for development. The club then moved to Plant Hill Park. It has now disbanded.
Blackley Cricket Club
Blackley Cricket Club currently play in the North Manchester Cricket League. The club is located on Crab Lane.
*Mike Hall: British politician
David Heyes: British politician
Jon Macken: Former Manchester United and Manchester City footballer
Bernard Manning: Manchester comedian
Tony Monopoly: Australian cabaret singer and actor
Malcolm Roberts: Eurovision contestant
Bill Keeth, Author
Wilf McGuinness, Former Manchester United player and manager
Hasney Aljofree, Swindon Town footballer
Steven Riley, Former Manchester United footballer
John Bradford, Martyr
*Howard Davies, Director of the London School of Economics
Stephen Bywater: Professional footballer
* [http://www.manchester2002-uk.com/districts/blackley.html Blackley - Districts & Suburbs of Manchester]
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