Eochaid Mugmedon

Eochaid Mugmedon

Eochaid Mugmedón ("slave-lord", pron. /'ɛxəð 'mʊɣvʲəðən/), according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, was a High King of Ireland of the 4th century, best known as the father of Niall of the Nine Hostages and ancestor of the Uí Néill and Connachta dynasties. He is not mentioned in the list of kings of Tara in the "Baile Chuind" (The Ecstasy of Conn, but is included in the synthetic lists of High Kings in the "Lebor Gabála Érenn", the Irish annals, Geoffrey Keating's history, and the "Laud Synchronisms".

According to the "Lebor Gabála Érenn" [R. A. Stewart MacAlister (ed. & trans.), "Lebor Gabála Érenn" Part V, Irish Texts Society, 1956, p. 345-347] and its derivative works, Eochaid was the son of the former High King Muiredach Tírech, a descendant of Conn Cétchathach. Muiredach was overthrown and killed by Cáelbad son of Cronn Bradruí, an Ulster king, but Cálbad only ruled one year before Eochaid killed him and took the throne. The "Lebor Gabála" says he extracted the "bórama" or cow-tribute from Leinster without a battle. However, Keating records that he was defeated in the Battle of Cruachan Claonta by the Leinster king Énnae Cennsalach.Geoffrey Keating, "Foras Feasa ar Éirinn" [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100054/text057.html 1.47] ]

According to the saga "The Adventures of the Sons of Eochaid Mugmedon",Tom Peete Cross & Clark Harris Slover (eds.), [http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/eochaid.html "The Adventures of the Sons of Eochaid Mugmedon"] , "Ancient Irish Tales, 1936, pp. 508-513] he is said to have had two wives: Mongfind, daughter of Fidach, who bore him four sons, Brion, Ailill, Fiachrae and Fergus; and Cairenn Chasdub, daughter of Sachell Balb, king of the Saxons, who bore him his most famous son, Niall. Mongfind is said to have hated Cairenn, and forced her to expose her child, but the baby was rescued and raised by a poet called Torna. When Niall grew up he returned to Tara and rescued his mother from the servitude Mongfind had placed her under. Mongfind appears to have originally been a supernatural personage: the saga "The Death of Crimthann mac Fidaig" says the festival of Samhain was commonly called the "Festival of Mongfind", and prayers were offered to her on Samhain eve. [http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/crimthann.html "The Death of Crimthann son of Fidach"] (translator unknown)] Although it is probably anachronistic for Eochaid to have had a Saxon wife, T. F. O'Rahilly argues that the name "Cairenn" is derived from the Latin name Carina, and that it is plausible that she might have been a Romano-Briton.T. F. O'Rahilly, "Early Irish History and Mythology", 1946, Chapter 12] Indeed, Keating describes her not as a Saxon but as the "daughter of the king of Britain". [Geoffrey Keating, "Foras Feasa ar Éirinn" [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100054/text058.html 1.48] ]

After ruling for seven or eight years, Eochaid died of an illness at Tara, and was succeeded by Mongfind's brother Crimthann mac Fidaig, king of Munster. Keating dates his reign to 344-351, the "Annals of the Four Masters" to 357-365. ["Annals of the Four Masters" [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100005A/text030.html M357] - [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100005A/text031.html 365] ] Daniel P. McCarthy, based on the Irish annals, dates his death to 362. [Daniel P. McCarthy, "The Chronology of the Irish Annals"]

The Connachta

Conn Cétchathach

Art mac Cuinn

Cormac mac Airt

Cairbre Lifechair

Fiachu Sraibtine

Muiredach Tirech

Eochaid Mugmedon + Mongfind + Cairenn

_________|_________
| |
| |
Brion Fiachrae Ailill Niall (The Connachta)
__________________________|_______________________________________________________
| | . | | | |
| | . | | | |
Conall Gulban Endae Eógan . Coirpre Lóegaire Maine Conall Cremthainne Fiachu
. | | ________|________
. | | |
Muirdeach . Cormac Caech Lughaid Fergus Cerrbel Ardgal
. | (d. 507)
. |
Muirchertach . Tuathal Diarmait mac Cerbaill mac Ercae . Maelgarb (d. 536) . (d. 544) (d. 565) . (Northern Uí Néill) . (Southern Uí Néill)

References


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См. также в других словарях:

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  • Eochaid — or Eochaidh (earlier Eochu or Eocho, sometimes anglicised as Eochy or Haughey) is a popular medieval Irish and Scots Gaelic name deriving from Old Irish ech , horse, borne by a variety of historical and legendary figures, including:*Eochaid mac… …   Wikipedia

  • Niall of the Nine Hostages — Niall Noígíallach (Irish pronunciation: [ˈniːəl noɪˈɣiːələx], Old Irish having nine hostages ),[1] or in English, Niall of the Nine Hostages, son of Eochaid Mugmedón, was an Irish king, the eponymous ancestor of the Uí Néill kindred who… …   Wikipedia

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  • Mongfind — Queen Mongfind ( fair mane ) was the wife, of apparent Munster origins, of the legendary Irish High King Eochaid Mugmedón and mother of his eldest three sons, Brion, Ailill and Fiachrae, ancestors of the historical Connachta, through whom she is… …   Wikipedia

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