British rule in India

British rule in India

British rule in India, may refer to:
*Company rule in India, also Company Raj ("raj," lit. "rule," in Sanskrit), the rule of parts of the Indian subcontinent by the British East India Company ending in 1858, immediately after the Indian rebellion of 1857. The regions governed by the Company's representative, the Governor-General of India, were contemporaneously referred to as British India.
*British Raj or Crown rule in India, the rule of India by the British Crown, which lasted from 1858 until 1947. The region under British rule consisted of
**British India: regions directly administered by the British Government India Office in London, and its head, the cabinet-level Secretary of State for India, whose policies were implemented by the Viceroy and Governor-General of India (in short, Viceroy of India) in the name of the British Crown, which served as the figurehead.
**Princely States: areas under the paramountcy (also suzerainty or indirect rule) of the British Crown (represented by the Viceroy of India), but ruled by Indian princes. The British government, however, retained control of the military, foreign affairs, and communications in these Indian states.
*British Indian Empire (contemporaneously, the Indian Empire) refers to the British Raj "after" 1876, when Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.


*The word "raj", without any qualifiers, has been applied (in the context of British rule) to both Company Raj and British Raj, sometimes by the same author.
**Example: "Under Bentinck's guidance the 1830s saw considerable change in the mechanics of the "raj", though Utilitarian beliefs in clear legal codes, a simplified judicial structure and a strong executive were only partially enacted." (Harvard reference
last1=Brown| first1=Judith M. | authorlink= | year=1994 | title=Modern India: The Origins of an Asian Democracy | place=
publisher=Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. xiii, 474| isbn=0198731132 | url=
, p. 76)
**Example: "To them the obverse of privilege and material gain on the "raj's" imperial coin was a serious obligation, seen almost in mystical terms. As Sir Walter Lawrence, who joined the ICS in 1879, put it in 1932, ruling India was "splendid happy slavery ..." (ibid. p. 105)

ee also

* Etymology of India

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • British rule in Burma — Infobox Former Country native name= conventional long name= Crown Colony of Burma common name= Burma continent= moved from Category:Asia to Southeast Asia region= Southeast Asia country= Burma era= year start= 1824 year end= 1948 life span= 1824… …   Wikipedia

  • British rule in Himachal Pradesh — The Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the First War of Indian Independence and the Sepoy Mutiny was a prolonged period of armed uprisings in different parts of India, against British occupation of that part of the subcontinent. The first… …   Wikipedia

  • Company rule in India — For usage, see British Empire in India Company rule in India Colony of the East India Company ↓ …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of major famines in India during British rule (1765 to 1947) — This is a timeline of major famines on the Indian subcontinent during the years of British rule in India from 1765 to 1947. The famines included here occurred both in the princely states (regions administered by Indian rulers) and British India… …   Wikipedia

  • Canada under British rule (1763–1867) — History of Canada This article is part of a series Timeline …   Wikipedia

  • Congress Rule in India 1937-1939 — is the period of the rule of the Congress ministries in the Indian Subcontinent under British Government. The provincial elections were held in the winter of 1936 37 as stated in the Government of India Act 1935. The final results of the… …   Wikipedia

  • British Raj — British Empire in India redirects here. For other uses, see British India (disambiguation). India Indian Empire ← …   Wikipedia

  • British India — refers to those parts of the Indian subcontinent that were directly administered by the British government s India Office between the Government of India Act 1858 and the Partition of India in 1947. [1. Kakar, S. (1996)… …   Wikipedia

  • British Indian Army — Active 1858 – 1948 Country …   Wikipedia

  • British Indian (disambiguation) — British Indian or British Indians may refer to:* The British Indian Ocean Territory, or people or other matters related thereto * Of or relating to British India or the period of British rule in India ** The British Indian Army ** The British… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.