Gauḍa brahmins


Gauḍa brahmins

The IAST|Gauḍa brahmins comprise one of the five sub-divisions of Panch-Gauda (IAST|pañcagauḍa, "IAST|pañca-gauḍa-brāhmaṇa-jāti" , i.e., "fivefold Jāti of Gauda Brahmins").

History

Pt IAST|Ḍori Lāl Śarmā writes that the region from Bengal to Kashmir was IAST|Gauḍa country [cf."A History of Brahmin Clans", p.100 ] . That is why five major sub-divisions of north Indian brahmins are named Panch-Gauda, after the name "IAST|Gauḍa". The Sanskrit text "Ādi-IAST|Gauḍa-dīpikā" mentions that the region west of river IAST|Gaṇḍaki bounded by Sarayu in west and south and by Himalayas in the north is the core of IAST|Gauḍa country and brahmins living here from the beginning (=Ādi) of Creation were known as Ādi-IAST|Gauḍa [A History of Brahmin Clans, p.100 ] . Another story relates Ādi-IAST|Gauḍa brahmins of this region to those brahmins who were invited by King Janamejaya in his yajña and settled in the Ādi-IAST|Gauḍa region [ IAST|Brāhmaṇotpatti-mārtaṇḍa, p. 28, śloka 1-11] .

ub-divisions of Gauda brahmins

At present the chief branches of IAST|Gauḍa brahmins are ["IAST|Jāti-Bhāṣkara".] ["A History of Brahmin Clans" , p. 101.] :
* Ādi-IAST|Gauḍa (in Ādi-IAST|Gauḍa region mentioned above).
* Deś Wāli IAST|Gauḍa (in Madhyadeś).
* Pachāde IAST|Gauḍa (western IAST|Gauḍa brahmins).
* Śri IAST|Gauḍa (originally from Kashmir, now in Gujarāt, Rājasthān, Mālwā).

Other minor branches of IAST|Gauḍa are :
* Pārik (from Parāśara).
* Dāyamā/dadheech_brahmins (from Dadhīca).
* Prabhāva Wāle (from Gotama).
* (from Khārika).
* Sārsvata (from Sāra, distinct from the Sārasvata brahmins).
* Sukuwāl (from Sukumārga).
* aadi gaur vashistha madhyandini sakha dholpuriya [Bangal----hastinaur{U P}-----dholpur{Raj}-----jevar tappal{U P}----sikri kalan brahmin ghaziabad]

Organisation of Gauda brahmins : Deśwāli & Pachāde gotras

Deśwāli & Pacāte form the mainstream Gaudas, numerically. "IAST|Ādi Gauḍa Brāhmaṇotpatti" enumerates 24 original gotras, but "Kul Pradīpikā" gives a list of 28 main gotras. Only 12 gotras are common to both lists :

IAST|Anāvṛika, Avyaya, Ālampāyana, Kāṇḍava, Kātyayana, Kāñcana, Kauṇḍinya, Garga, Jaimina, Dhṛita Kauśika, Śakti, Śunaka. All these are found today among IAST|Gauḍa brahmins.

Following is the list of 12 gotras unique to "IAST|Ādi Gauḍa Brāhmaṇotpatti" :IAST|Kaśyapa, Sāvaṛṇa, Bhārdvaja, Kalpiśa, Agniveśa, Kuśika, Viśvāmitra, Citra, Kriṣṇātreya, Rohita, Hārita, Jamdagni. All these are ancient and widespread gotra names.Only the IAST|Ādi Gauḍas enumerate these 12 gotras among the "original" gotras. Other IAST|Gauḍas accept these gotras but not as original ones. Sri IAST|Gauḍa list is very different.

Both the lists given above are to be found in the comprehensive list of extant gotras given below. But four gotras unique to "Kul Pradīpikā" are not found today : IAST|Bṛihaspati, Sankṛiti, Vṛiddha. "IAST|Vṛiddha" may imply "IAST|Vṛiddha Vasiṣṭha", because "IAST|Vṛiddha" does not appear to be any name at all.. "IAST|Sankṛiti" may be same as or precursor of "IAST|Sānkṛitya". "Bṛihaspati" cannot be related to any modern gotra, it is perhaps a precursor of some modern or extinct gotra/gotras.

IAST|Vasiṣṭha gotra is not found as such now, but as five sub-divisions : Apara IAST|Vasiṣṭha, Para Vasiṣṭha / Vṛiddha Vasiṣṭha, Diva Vasiṣṭha, Purva Vasiṣṭha, Uttara Vasiṣṭha.

King Janamejaya had granted 1444 villages to 1444 IAST|Gauḍa brahmins headed by Vateśwar Muni invited in his yajña [IAST|Brāhmaṇotpatti-mārtaṇḍa, p. 28, śloka 1-11] . Later, there disciples from various gotras came to them and settled in their villages. As a result, many gotras were found in one village. Such multi-gotra villages came to be called as śāsanas (because disciples lived in the śāsana / control of gurus). Often one śāsana is found in more than one gotra, and more than one śāsana is found in a śāsana. IAST|Gauḍa brahmins prohibit endogamy within a gotra as well as within a śāsana. Each śāsana has a distinct name, signifying the name of some ancient village. [History of Brahmin Clans p.100, 102.] . Some gotras have a large number of śāsanas associated with them. Later on, descendants of these original 24 or 28 gotra-founders became bīj-purusha (founding fathers) of new gotras, so that there are 115 gotras among IAST|Gauḍa brahmins now, as the following comprehensive list shows [History of Brahmin Clans p.101-115.] (figures following each gotra indicates the number of śāsanas associated with that gotra) :

# Agniveśa Bhārdvāja 21
# Agastya 15
# IAST|Aghmarṣaṇa 5
# Angirā 16
# Aja 5
# Atri 36
# Anāvṛika 5+
# Anūpa 4
# Ambarīṣa 5
# Ayāsya 5
# Avyaya 5
# Āngirasa 19
# Ātreya 11
# Āṣṭāyana Kauśika 16
# Ālampāyana 7
# Āśvalāyana 4
# Āṣṭiṣeṇa 4
# Āpastamba 5
# Āptavāna 5
# Āsuri 4
# Uplamya 8
# Upamanyu 10
# Utathya 4
# Uddālaka 5
# Udvāha 5
# Ṛtu 11
# Aurva 5
# Kāñcana 8
# Kaśyapa 24
# Kapila 5
# Kalpiṣa/Kalpiśa 5
# Kardama 5
# Karṇa 5
# Kātyayana 10
# Kāṇḍava 10
# Kāśyapa 9
# Kṛiṣṇātri 16
# Kṛiṣṇātreya 9
# Kuśa 14
# Kutsa 8
# Kuśika 8
# Kautsa 10
# Kauṇḍinya 19
# Kauśika108
# Gāliva 6
# Gautama 42
# Garga 18
# Gṛitsamada 5
# Gobhila 5
# Citra 5
# Cyavana 4
# Jamdagni 13
# Jamdagni Kauśika 11
# Jātukarṇa 10
# Jāvāla 5
# Jaimina 5
# Dakṣa 5
# Dālbhya 11
# Devrāta 10
# Dhṛidha 7
# Dhanañjaya 5
# Dhṛita Kauśika 10
# Dhaumya 8
# Parāśara 34
# Pāṇina 4
# Patañjali 5
# Pārāśara 25
# Pulastya 15
# Pulaha 12
# Paulastya 6
# Paulaha 5
# Bodhāyāna 5
# Bhardvāja 84
# Bhārdvāja 186
# Bhārgava13
# Bhṛigu 15
# Manu 8
# Marica 11
# Mādhyandini 4
# Māṇḍavya 5
# Mārkaṇḍeya 5
# Mitravaruṇa 5
# Mudgala 22
# Maitreya 11
# Yājñavalkya 7
# Yāska 5
# Rohita 5
# Laugākṣi 5
# Vatsa 75
# Vyāghrapāda 5
# Vātsāyana 5
# Vāmadeva 5
# Vāsuki 4
# Vilva 6
# Viśvāmitra 9
# Viṣṇu 7
# Vītahavya 5
# Śakti 11
# Śākalya 10
# Śāndilya 31
# Śunaka 3
# Śaunaka 5
# Sānkṛitya 5
# Sāvarṇi 6
# Suvarṇa 5
# Saukālīna 4
# Sauparṇa 5
# Saupāyana 5
# Hārita 25
# Sānkhāyana Kauśika 11
# Apara Vasiṣṭha 41
# Para Vasiṣṭha / Vṛiddha Vasiṣṭha 84
# Divā Vasiṣṭha 27
# Purva Vasiṣṭha 62
# Uttara Vasiṣṭha 39
.

śāsana

Sum total of all existing śāsanas as given above is 1690, but some śāsanas are found in more than one one gotra [History of Brahmin Clans p.102.] ; hence, the traditional story about number of original śāsanas stated to be 1444 matches admirably with extant number of śāsanas. Gotras with highest number of śāsana associated with them are :

#Bhardvāja :84 + 186 Bhārdvāja
#IAST|Vasiṣṭha : 41 Apara + 84 Vriddha + 27 Divā + 62 Purva + 39 Uttara
#Kauśika :108
#Vatsa : 75
#Parāśara :34 + 25 of Pārāśara
#Gautama :42
#Atri :36
#Śāndilya :31
#Kaśyapa :24 + 9 of Kāśyapa
#IAST|Bhṛigu :15 + 13 of Bhārgava
#Hārita :25
#Mudgala :22
#Agniveś Bhārdvaja :21
#IAST|Kauṇḍinya :19
#Garga :18

The names of these gotras and śāsanas throw much light on many historically and sociologically significant aspects of brahmin communities. For instance, one gotra is named Āsuri and it has four śāsanas : abhicāriā, bhalārhiā, malaiyā and pāñcāliā. It suggests that this Āsuri (literally, demonic) gotra was related to ritals like abhicāra associated with Tantra (perhaps Vāmamārgi) which might have prevailed in parts of Pañcāla in some remote age. Pulastya gotra has śāsanas bearing names like Lankapuriya, Tantariya, Yantri, etc, which suggest a relation with IAST|Rāvaṇa) of Rāmāyaṇa. Bhṛigu gotra has interesting śāsanas named Daityācārya, Daityapāla, Abhicāraka, etc. Such names are, however, rare and almost all gotra names are associated with names of Vedic sages.

Yājñavalkya gotra has 7 śāsanas, including Janaksthaliyā (place of Janaka, ancient king of Mithila). Śākalya gotra also has one śāsana named "Janakpuriyā", and another named "Vangawāl", which indicate eastern origins of some śāsanas. Similarly some śāsanas can be traced to Gujarāt, Sindh and Kumāun. Barring these exceptions , all the śāsanas belong to Madhyadeś, the region from IAST|Gaṇḍaki in the east to Rājasthan and IAST|Hariyāṇā in the west [cf. History of Brahmin Clans, p.102-117.] .

The IAST|śāsana Gāndharwāla in Bhārdvāja gotra seems to be an ancient form of Gāhaḍwāla. Pāṇina gotra has śāsanas naned "Pāṇina-prasthiā" and "Pāni-patiā", which asuggests that Pāṇina-prasth was the ancient name of Pānipat. It is not known whether the famous grammarian Pāṇini belonged to this Pāṇina gotra or not, but other divisions of brahmins do not have Pāṇina gotra [cf. History of Brahmin Clans, it contains gotra lists of all major divisions of brahmins.] .

Dhaumya (family priest of IAST|Pāṇḍavas) is an important gotra and its 8 śāsanas indicate following 8 ancient villages/towns where they lived : IAST|Bhiṣma-sthala, Parikṣita-garha, Parikṣika, Sahāranpur, Muktanagar, Kamalgiri, Gajapur and IAST|Ḍhāḍbala. Many of these śāsanas are associated with characters and locale of Mahabharata. Bāghpat is said to evolve from Bāghaprastha, on the analogy of Indraprastha, but Vyāghrapāda gotra has a śāsana "Bāghpatia" (i.e."of Baghpat"), which suggests that Bāghpat was perhaps called Vyāghrapāda (name of a sage) and not Bāghaprastha. Folklore relates Bāghpat with five village demanded by IAST|Pāṇḍavas.

Organisation of Ādi Gauda

Ādi IAST|Gauḍas are differently organised than the main IAST|Gauḍas described above. There are 15 sakhas (divisions) among Ādi IAST|Gauḍas :

#.
# Lambhita IAST|Gauḍa : Some Māṇḍavyas later settled in Labhita town and were named Labhita.
# Negama IAST|Gauḍa :Negam was the son of a Gauḍa sage Citragupta. From Negam, this branch started.
# Gautama : the descendants of Vedic sage Gotama are called Gautama IAST|Gauḍa Gauḍa.
#
# Gangāputra IAST|Gauḍa : Some Śri Harṣa Gauḍas settled along the banks of Ganges and were named accordingly.
# Hariyānā IAST|Gauḍa : They trace themselves to Ṛṣi Hārita whose asrama was in Hariyānā. It is not clear how Hariyānā came to be associated with Hārita [cf. History of Brahmin Clans, p.118. Hāritāranya is not documented.]
#
# Saurabha IAST|Gauḍa : belonging to Saurabha region where Saubhari dwelt (perhaps Saubhari transformed into Saurabha due to linguistic change).
# Dālbhya IAST|Gauḍa : They claim descent from sage Dālbhya.
# Sukhsena IAST|Gauḍa : They claim descent from sage Hamsa neas Hamsadurga.
#
# Suryadhwaja IAST|Gauḍa : They claim descent from sage Surya near Sarmeśwara.
# Vālmīka IAST|Gauḍa : They claim descent from sage Vālmīki whose āśrama was believed to be at Ābugarh.
# Māthura IAST|Gauḍa : They claim descent from sage Māthura of Māthuri town (perhaps Māthurā).

Veda, Śākhā, Sutra, Āvantaka & Nūkha of Ādi Gauda

All IAST|Ādi Gauḍa have same Veda (Śukla Yajurveda), same Śākhā (Madhyandina), same Sutra (Paraskara), but Nūkhas (surnames) and IAST|Āvaṇṭakas differ. There are 20 IAST|Āvaṇṭakas among Ādi Gauḍa, of which the first in the following has "Miśra nūkha, and the second has Parota nookha, the rest having Jośi nūkha. :

IAST|Haritwāla, Māraśyā, Kiriṭa, Indauriyā, Baverwāl, Semal, Ḍācolā, Surelā, Pādopotā, Pañcarangyā, Icchāwat, Tāsorayā, Asṭān, Kundālak, Giṇḍā, Moroliā, Tungā, Ṭilāwat, Vivāl, Bhivāl. [cf. History of Brahmin Clans, p.117.]

Organisation of Śri Gauda

In 1268 AD, King Vijay Simha of Gujarat invited 200 IAST|Śri Gauḍa to settle in his state. These IAST|Śri Gauḍas originally lived in IAST|Śri Haṭṭa Nagar (perhaps Śrinagar) of Kashmir, but migrated to Malwa due to a famine and finally settled in Gujarāt.. Later, more migrants from Kāśmīr arrived, causing a division between old and new.New IAST|Śri Gauḍas have 22 clans, half of them are regarded as uttama (best) and the rest medium. Their kuladevi (clan-deity)) is IAST|Lakṣmeśwari (another name of Śri-devi of Śri-nagar).

Those who came to Mālwā from Meerut (IAST|Meraṭh) are called IAST|Meḍhatwāl Śri Gauḍa. Those who directly came to Mālwā from Kāśmīr are known as Mālāvī IAST|Śri Gauḍa. Those originating from Kharola are called Kharola IAST|Śri Gauḍa, and those who came from Kharsod are called Kharsodiye IAST|Śri Gauḍa.

Prawāliye IAST|Śri Gauḍa are inhabitants of IAST|Bagaḍa and are characterised by a lack of religiosity. Those who married with Śudra women are known as IAST|Ḍerolā IAST|Śri Gauḍa. Excepting these last two all IAST|Śri Gauḍas branches allow marriages among each other, other IAST|Śri Gauḍas do not marry with Prawāliye and IAST|Ḍerolā.

Gotra, Tanka, Pravara, Āspada of Śri Gaudas

The first of the following list has 5 pravaras, all other IAST|Śri Gauḍas have 3 pravaras. IAST|Śri Gauḍas are differentiated mainly by means of 22IAST|Ṭankas, because only 15 gotras have survived in them due to uprooting (from Kashmir) and wanderings. Āspada means surname.

:Organisation of Śri Gaudas

Another organisation sequence (krama) like the above of 21 divisions, known as IAST|Jīrṇa-krama, is also in vogue. The IAST|Meḍhatwāla Śri Gauḍas use their own "'IAST|Meḍhatwāla-krama.

Traditional Areas of Gauda brahmins

A cursory look at some identifiable śāsanas of Deśwāli and Pachāde Gaudas reveals the traditional areas :
#IAST|Baroḍā, Sindhutata, Sindhu, Khādar
#IAST|Ajmer, Ajmeerh, Jaipur, Marusthal, Jodhpur, Sīkar, Pāli, Puṣkar, Jalor
#Ujjain, Indore, Sāgar
#IAST|Hissār, Karṇāl, Kurukṣetra, Thānesar, Sirsā, Indraprastha, Haryānā, Pānipat, Faridābād, Bhiwāni
#IAST|Bāghpat, Nandagrām, Merath, Rāmgarh, Pañcāla, Hāpur, Tilpat, Bijnor, Sahāranpur, Khurjā, Mathurā, Rāmpur, Sambhal
#Garhwāl, Pahāriā, Kalāt
#IAST|Kānpur, Gomati, Prayāg, Kāśi, Nimikṣetra, Gorakhpur
#Bhojpur, Gayā, Janakpur, Janaksthala
#IAST|Gauḍa, Vanga

Following is the traditional area for all IAST|Gauḍa:"Hariyānā and Jangaldeś in the Madhyadeś, Delhi, regions around Yamunā, Mārwār, Śekhāwati, IAST|Puṣkar, Matsya and IAST|Virāṭa (in Rajasthan), Bhiwāni, etc" are traditional areas of IAST|Gauḍa brahmins according to the author of "A History of Brahmin Clans" [cf."A History of Brahmin Clans", p.100 ] . IAST|Brāhmaṇotpatti-mārtaṇḍa says that regions north of Sarayu and Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, around Sravasti near modern IAST|Goṇḍda, are (also) traditional areas of IAST|Gauḍa brahmins [Quoted in "A History of Brahmin Clans", p.100 ] . This latter view is supported by Matsya IAST|Purāṇa which linked "best brahmins" to the Gaudadesh of Śrāvasti near modern IAST|Goṇdā district. [Matsya IAST|Purāṇa chapter-12, śloka-30, cited in A History of Brahmin Clans, p.100 ] .

urnames

Mishra, Mehrishi, Soral, Tiwāri, Dube, Gautam, Puthiā, Chaumoharia, etc are chief shrnames among Deś Wāli IAST|Gauḍa brahmins. Śukla is also a surname among IAST|Gauḍa brahmins, among Ādi IAST|Gauḍa Śukla is the surname of a majority, followed by Miśra and Parota [cf. History of Brahmin Clans, p.101.] .

Surname in Ādi IAST|Gauḍa is known as Nūkha [cf. History of Brahmin Clans, p.117.]

Customs and Practices

IAST|Gauḍa brahmins are mostly Yajurvedi and some are Sāmvedi too. Generally, upanayana accompanies marriage, and early marriage is preferred [cf. History of Brahmin Clans, p.101.] . With increasing modernisation, such trends are expected to decline.the surname of the aadi gour brahmin are write in westran U P, Haryana,Delhi & some part of rajesthan is sharma, gaur and name of the his gotra mostly.

Criticism

Pt IAST|Ḍori Lāl Sarmā writes that the sāsanas had originated due to settling of many gotras in a single village, as disciples settled in the village of their guru to acquire Vedic and related knowledge [cf. History of Brahmin Clans, p.102.] . Moreover, a new gotra was started by the name of a person who attained the status of a rishi by dint of spiritual accomplishments. It shows that the organisational mechanism was dynamic and depended upon the principal objective of a brahmin's life : acquisition of scriptural knowledge and spiritual purity. But during the mediaeval age, brahmins received grants like agrahāras (land grants) and stuck to landed properties, and the organisational system gradually ossified. Pt IAST|Ḍori Lāl Sarmā narrates many stories in his book which reveal that accepting grants from mundane powers was regarded a vice by rishis and a major cause of multiple divisions within the once monolothic brahmin community was ostracisation of those who grabbed such land grants. This primordial monolithic character of brahmin community is mentioned in a Sanskrit text IAST|Brāhmaṇotpatti-mārtaṇḍa" [cf. IAST|Harikṛṣṇa Śāstri, chapter-1, sloka 8] : सृष्टियारम्भे ब्राह्मणस्य जातिरेका प्रकीर्तिता ।

Meaning : There was one caste of Brahmin in the beginning of Creation.

Notes

References

*Kalhana's Rajatarangini: A Chronicle of the Kings of Kashmir; 3 Volumes > M.A.Stein (translator),(Introduction by Mohammad Ishaq Khan),published by Saujanya Books at Srinagar,2007,(First Edition pub. in 1900),ISBN: 81-8339-043-9 / 8183390439.
*A History of Brahmin Clans (IAST|Brāhmaṇa Vaṃshõ kā Itihāsa) in Hindi, by Dorilāl Śarmā,published by Rāśtriya Brāhamana Mahāsabhā, Vimal Building, Jamirābād, Mitranagar, Masūdābād,Aligarh-1, 2nd ed-1998. (This Hindi book contains the most exhaustive list of Brahmana gotras and pravaras together their real and mythological histories).
*IAST|Jāti-Bhāṣkara by Pt. Jwālā Prasād Misra, published by Khemaraj Shrikrishnadas, Bombay, (1914).
*The Tribes and Castes of Central Provinces of India, by R. V. Russel,I.C.S,(assisted by R. B. Hira Lal),4 Vols,Macmillan and Co; New Ed edition (2 Aug 1995) : Asian Educational Services,India; Language English,ISBN-10: 812060833X ,ISBN-13: 978-8120608337
*"Hindu Castes and Sects" Jogendranath Bhattacharya; First Editions :Calcutta,1896); New Ed:New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publications, 1995.
*Mayne's "Treatise on Hindu Law and Usage",15th ed.,New Delhi: Bharat Law House, 2003.
*Kane, Pandurang Vaman(1880 - 1972), "History of Dharmaśāstra " (ancient and mediæval religious and civil law in India), Poona: Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute. 1962 - 1975.
*Hindu Manners, Customs, and Ceremonies, by Abbe J. A. Dubois,English translation first published in 1816, Reprint. 1999(Third edition. Delhi, Low Price Pub.), 2 volumes, 741 p.,ISBN 81-7020-927-7.
*(Manusmriti) : cite book | author = Translation by G. Bühler| title = Sacred Books of the East: The Laws of Manu (Vol. XXV)| publisher = Oxford | year = 1886| isbn = Available online as [http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/manu.htm The Laws of Manu]
*"History of India" by Herman Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, Published 2004,Routledge,448 pages,ISBN 0415329205
*"IAST|Brāhmaṇotpatti-mārtaṇḍa" by Harikṛṣṇa Śāstri, (Sanskrit), 1871

ee also

*Brahmin communities
*Brahmin
*Hinduism
*Forward Castes
*Classification of Brahmins

External links

* [http://www.vedah.net/manasanskriti/Brahmins.html The complete reference to Brahmins] : No material from this site has been borrowed for this article.
* [http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/people/brahmins/list.htm A Long List of Brahmin Castes and Sub-castes]


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  • Kanyakubja Brahmins — The Kanyakubja Brahmins comprise one of the five sub divisions of Panch Gauda (IAST|pañcagauḍa, IAST|pañca gauḍa brāhmaṇa jāti , i.e., fivefold Jāti of Gauda Brahmins ).NotesReferences*Kalhana s Rajatarangini: A Chronicle of the Kings of Kashmir; …   Wikipedia

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  • Goud Saraswat Brahmins of Cochin — Cochin GSB Total population 70,000(estimated) Regions with significant populations South Kerala Languages Konkani, Malayalam Religion Hinduism of the Madhwa tradit …   Wikipedia

  • Brahmin — This article is about the social caste. For the moth family, see Brahmaeidae. For similarly spelled words, see Brahman (disambiguation). An article related to Hinduism …   Wikipedia

  • Brahmin communities — in India are traditionally divided into two regional groups: Pancha Gauda Brahmins and Pancha Dravida Brahmins according to the following shloka found in the Rajatarangini of Kalhana (12th century): : sa. कर्णाटकाश्च तैलंगा द्राविडा महाराष्ट्रकाः …   Wikipedia

  • Sanadhya Brahmin — Sanadya Brahmin (or Sanadh/Sanah) are a community of Brahmins, living prominently in Western Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh area of India. In the 19th and 20th national convention of Kanyakubja Brahmins by Kanyakubja Mahati Sabha, in 1926 and… …   Wikipedia

  • Malviya Brahmin — The Malviya or Malaviya (Hindi: मालवीय) are a Brahmin sub caste found in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in India.[1] The word Malviya literally means those from Malwa in Central India. They are a branch of the Panch Gauda Brahmins …   Wikipedia