German-Polish Border Treaty (1990)


German-Polish Border Treaty (1990)

The Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Poland on the confirmation of the frontier between them was signed on November 14, 1990 and entered into force with the exchange of the instruments of ratification on 16 January 1992. [ [http://www.un.org/Depts/los/LEGISLATIONANDTREATIES/STATEFILES/DEU.htm Germany] [http://www.un.org/Depts/los/LEGISLATIONANDTREATIES/ Prepared by the Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (DOALOS), Office of Legal Affairs] , United Nations, New York.]

It affirmed that the Oder-Neisse Line — as defined by the Allies of World War II in the Potsdam Agreement of 1945, the Treaty of Zgorzelec of 1950 between the GDR and People's Republic of Poland, and the Warsaw Treaty of 1970 between the FRG (West Germany) and the People's Republic of Poland — was the border between the Government of the reunified German state and the Republic of Poland. It was signed just over one month after the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany restored full sovereignty to the reunited Germany and specified in article 1.2 that full sovereignty was conditional on "united Germany and the Republic of Poland [confirming] the existing border between them in a treaty that is binding under international law". [ [http://usa.usembassy.de/etexts/2plusfour8994e.htm Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany September 12, 1990] ]

The signing of a treaty between the FRG and Poland recognising Oder-Neisse Line as the border under international law was also one of the terms of the Unification Treaty between the FRG and the GDR that was signed and went into effect on 3 October 1990. [Johnson, p. 26,28] Poland also wanted this treaty to end the ambiguity that had surrounded the border issue since 1945. [Johnson, p. 28]

References

* [http://www.un.org/Depts/los/LEGISLATIONANDTREATIES/PDFFILES/TREATIES/DEU-POL1990CF.PDF Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Poland on the confirmation of the frontier between them, 14 November 1990] (PDF)
*Johnson, Edward Elwyn. [http://www.eej-esq.com/PDFs/German_Reunification.pdf International law aspects of the German reunification alternative answers to the German question]

Footnotes


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