- Black Mountains, Wales
The Black Mountains ( _cy. Y Mynyddoedd Duon) are a group of hills in south-eastern
Wales[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/588242] , and a small part of Herefordshire, England[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/278122] .
They are the easternmost of the three groups of hills that comprise the
Brecon Beacons National Park, and are frequently confused with the westernmost, which are collectively called the Black Mountain [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/171027] . (To confuse matters further, there is a peak in the "Black Mountains" called Black Mountain.) The Black Mountains may be roughly defined as those hills north of Abergavenny, south of Hay-on-Wye, east of the A479 road (the Rhiangollvalley) and west of, or on, the English border. The Offa's Dykelong-distance footpath runs along the border [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/274309] . The area is popular for hillwalkingand horseback riding.
Local Area Attractions
There are quite a few villages in this area and one
youth hostel* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/312889] , at Capel-y-ffin. The Skirrid Mountain Innalso has a wider reputation, being claimed as the oldest public housein Wales, being mentioned in records from AD 1100. Antiquities include Llanthony Priory, ruined Craswall Priory, Tretower Castle, Tretower Court, the Iron Age hill fortof Crug Hywel, and Castell Dinas, an 11th- to 13th-century castlebuilt on an Iron Age hillfort site between Talgarthand Crickhowell. Cwmyoyand Partrishowchurches are also worth visiting.
*The Youth Hostel at Capel-y-ffin closed in late 2007.
The Black Mountains
The highest mountain in the group is
Waun Fach[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/87710] (convert|811|m|ft|0|lk=on; other Marilyns include the Sugar Loaf [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/129254] , Ysgyryd Fawr[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/84047] , Mynydd Troed[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/318199] , Graig Syfyrddin[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/214224] , Allt yr Esgair[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/53496] , Myarth, Mynydd Llangorse[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/589111] , Bryn Arw[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/347373] , and Black Mountain [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/439316] . Ysgyryd Fawris also known as the Skirrid, Skyrrid or 'Holy Mountain'.
In his work "
People of the Black Mountains", Raymond Williamsdescribed the Black Mountains thus:
See this layered sandstone among the short mountain grass. Place your right hand on it, palm downwards. See where the sun rises and where it stands at noon. Direct your middle finger midway between them. Spread your fingers, not widely. You now hold this place in your hand - the six rivers rise on the plateau on the back of your hand. The first river now called Mynwy or Monnow flows at the outside edge of your thumb. The second river now called Olchon flows between your thumb and the first finger to join the Mynwy at the top of your thumb. The third river now called Honddu flows between your first and second fingers and then curves to join the Mynwy away from your hand. The fourth river now called Grwyne Fawr flows between your second and third fingers and then curves the other way joining the fifth river now called Grwyne Fechan that has been flowing between your third and your little finger. The sixth river now called Rhiangoll flows at the outside edge of your little finger. Beyond your hand are the two rivers to the sea ; Mynwy carrying Olchon and Honddu flows into the circling Wye. Grwyne and Rhiangoll flow into the Usk. Wye and Usk separated by the forest of Gwent flow into the Severn Sea. The ridges of your five fingers and the plateau of the back of your hand are now called the Black Mountains. Your thumb is Crin y Gath or the Cats Back. Your first finger is Hatterall Hill. Your second finger is Ffawyddog with Bal Mawr at the knuckle. Your third finger is Gader with Gader Fawr at the knuckle. Your little finger is Allt Mawr and its nail is Crug Hywel giving its name to Crickhowell below it. On the back of your hand are Twyn y Llech and Twmpa and Rhos Dirion and Waun Fach. Mynwy and Olchon flow from Twyn y Llech. Honddu flows from Twyn y Llech and Twmpa. Grwyne Fawr flows from Rhos Dirion. Grwyne Fechan and Rhiangoll flow from Waun Fach. You hold the shapes in the names in your hand.
Towns & Villages
The towns around the Black Mountains –
Hay-on-Wye[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/235428] , Llangorse Lake[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/441053] , Talgarth[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/318131] , Crickhowell[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/609661] , Cwmdu[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/318296] , Abergavenny[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/499532] and Longtown, Herefordshire[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/62523] – all provide bases for accessing the hills all year round.
Books set in or around the Black Mountains include:
People of the Black Mountains", by Raymond Williams
On The Black Hill", by Bruce Chatwin
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Black Mountains (Wales) — Die Black Mountains (walisisch: Y Mynyddoedd Duon) sind eine Hügelgruppe in einem vom Tourismus noch unberührten Heidegebiet im südöstlichen Wales und einem kleinen Teil von Herefordshire in England. Sie ist die östlichste der drei Hügelgruppen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Black Mountains — heißen mehrere Gebirgszüge Black Mountains (Alaska) Black Mountains (Arizona) Black Mountains (Bhutan) Black Mountains (Kalifornien) Black Mountains (Nevada) Black Mountains (North Carolina) Black Mountains (Wales) Siehe auch: Black Mountain … Deutsch Wikipedia
Black Mountains — There are several mountain ranges named the Black Mountains:* Black Mountains (Alaska) * Black Mountains (Arizona) * Black Mountains (Bhutan) * Black Mountains (California) * Black Mountains (Nevada) * Black Mountains (North Carolina) * Black… … Wikipedia
People of the Black Mountains — infobox Book | name = People of the Black Mountains image caption = author = Raymond Williams cover artist = country = United Kingdom language = English series = genre = Historical novel publisher = Chatto and Windus release date = 1989 media… … Wikipedia
(the) Black Mountains — the Black Mountains [the Black Mountains] a range of mountains in the ↑Brecon Beacons in south Wales … Useful english dictionary
Black Mountain — may refer to:PlacesAustralia*Black Mountain (Australian Capital Territory), a mountain in Canberra the capital city of Australia *Black Mountain, New South Wales *Black Mountain, Queensland, a suburb of Noosa *Black Mountain National Park, a… … Wikipedia
Wales — (spr. wehls), Wallis, früher selbständiges, jetzt mit England vereinigtes Fürstentum [Karten: Großbritannien und Irland I u. II], an der Westküste der Insel, 19.341 qkm, (1901) 1.720.609 E., vom Cambrischen Gebirge (im Snowdon 1085 m) im NW., von … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Black Mountain (hill) — Infobox Mountain Name = Black Mountain Photo = Black Mountain Top.jpg Caption = The summit, crossed by the Offa s Dyke Path Elevation = 703 m (2,306 ft) Location = Herefordshire, ENG / Powys, WAL Range = Black Mountains Prominence = 154 m Parent… … Wikipedia
Black Mountain (range) — The Black Mountain ( cy. Y Mynydd Du) is a mountain range in Mid and West Wales, forming the westernmost range of the Brecon Beacons National Park. Its highest point is Fan Brycheiniog (802 metres).The range stretches approximately from Ammanford … Wikipedia
Wales — • Located in the western portion of Great Britain Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Wales Wales † … Catholic encyclopedia