- Herbert S. Gutowsky
Herbert S. Gutowsky (
November 8, 1919- January 13, 2000) was an American chemistwho was a Professor of Chemistryat the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His pioneering work made nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopyone of the most effective tools in chemical and medical research.
Birth and education
Herbert S. Gutowsky was born on
November 8, 1919, on a produce farm in Bridgman, Michigan. He was the son of Otto and Hattie Neyer Gutowsky. He claimed that his childhood experiences taught him the importance of hard work, which carried over to his scientific life. He was a quiet man who focused on science. He was also an avid bicyclist and bird-watcher who later became very interested in growing roses.
Gutowsky received a bachelor's degree from
Indiana Universityin 1940, and after a four-year interruption for military service, he was awarded a master's degree from UC-Berkeleyin 1946. Gutowsky earned his Ph.D. in chemistryfrom Harvard Universityunder George Kistiakowsky.
He joined the faculty of the
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaignin 1948. He became a full professor in 1956. His research interests as a young faculty member included molecular and solid-state structure and infrared and radio frequency spectroscopy, including nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance.
Research on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Herbert S. Gutowsky was the first to apply the nuclear magnetic resonance method to chemical research. His experimental and theoretical work on the chemical shift effect and its relation to molecular structure has provided the chemist with working tools to study molecular conformation and molecular interactions in solutions. Gutowsky's pioneering work on the spin-spin coupling effect developed this phenomenon into a 'finger print' method for the identification and characterization of organic compounds. He was also the first to observe the effect of dynamic processes on the lineshape of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, and exploited it for the studies of hindered rotation in molecules, Simultaneously with others he discovered the effect of the scalar and dipolar interaction with unpaired electrons in solutions of paramagnetic ions [ [http://www.wolffund.org.il/full.asp?id=47 Research on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance by Herbert S. Gutowsky] ] .
He was awarded the
Wolf Prize in Chemistryin 1983/84 for "his pioneering work in the development and applications of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in chemistry" [ [http://www.wolffund.org.il/cat.asp?id=15&cat_title=CHEMISTRY The Wolf Prize in Chemistry] ] .
He became head of the Department of
Chemistryat the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaignin 1967, and in 1970 he oversaw the creation of the School of Chemical Sciences, which included the departments of chemistryand chemical engineering. He served as Director of the School of Chemical Sciences from 1970 to 1983.
After 1983 he then returned to teaching and research, moving into a second research career in Fourier-transform microwave spectroscopic studies of small, weakly bonded molecules in the gas phase. He died on January 13, 2000.
* [http://www.chemistry.uiuc.edu/bios/gutowsky.html Biography of Herbert S. Gutowsky]
* [http://acswebcontent.acs.org/landmarks/landmarks/noyes/gutowsky.html Herbert S. Gutowsky and NMR Spectroscopy]
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