- Bartlett's Familiar Quotations
"Bartlett's Familiar Quotations", often simply called "Bartlett's", is an American
reference workthat is the longest-lived and most widely distributed collection of quotations. The book was first issued in 1855 and is currently in its seventeenth edition, published in 2003.
The book arranges its entries by author, rather than by subject, as many other quotation collections, and enters the authors chronologically by date of birth rather than alphabetically. Within years, authors are arranged alphabetically and quotations are arranged chronologically within each author's entry, followed by "attributed" remarks whose source in the author's writings has not been confirmed. The book contains a thorough keyword index and details the source of each quotation.
John Bartlett, who ran the University Book Store in Cambridge,
Massachusetts, was frequently asked for information on quotations and he began a commonplace bookof them for reference. In 1855, he privately printed his compilation as "A Collection of Familiar Quotations". This first edition contained 258 pages of quotations by 169 authors, chiefly the Bible, William Shakespeare, and the great English poets. Bartlett wrote in the fourth edition that "it is not easy to determine in all cases the degree of familiarity that may belong to phrases and sentences which present themselves for admission; for what is familiar to one class of readers may be quite new to another."
The book was a great success, and Bartlett issued three more editions before joining the
Bostonpublishing firm of Little, Brown, and Companyin . Bartlett rose to be the senior partner of the firm and supervised nine editions of the work before his death in 1905, the work selling over 300,000 copies. The seventh edition had appeared in 1875, the eighth edition in 1882, and the ninth in 1891. The tenth edition, however, would not appear for more than twenty years.
Nathan Haskell Dole, the tenth edition (1914) was much like its predecessors. The book began with quotations originally in English, arranging them chronologically by author ( Geoffrey Chaucerwas the first entry, Mary Frances Buttsthe last). These quotes were chiefly from literary sources. A "miscellaneous" section follows of quotations in English from politicians and scientists (such as " fifty-four forty or fight!"). A section of " translations" follows, consisting mainly of lines from the ancient Greeks and Romans. The last section was devoted to the Bible and the Book of Common Prayer. Quotations were arranged in a single column.
The eleventh edition (1937), edited by
Christopher Morley(1890–1957) and Louella D. Everett, expanded the page size and created a two-column format, making it the first edition that is recognizable to users of the modern work. A twelfth edition (1948) was also edited by Morley and Everett.
The thirteenth edition (1955) was billed by the publisher as the "Centennial Edition." While the work was credited to the editors of Little, Brown, the preface gives special thanks to Morley and Everett as well as
Emily Morison Beck(1915–2004). The volume continued to add more recent material, the two youngest authors being cartoonist Bill Mauldinand Queen Elizabeth II. Beck also edited the fourteenth edition (1968) and the fifteenth (1980). Aram Bakshiansaid Beck's work on the fifteenth edition was the start of the work's downfall: "Donning the intellectual bell-bottoms and platform shoes of its era, "Bartlett's" began sprouting third-rate Third World, youth-culture, and feminist quotes," part of "a middle-aged obsession with staying trendy."
Following Beck's retirement, Little, Brown entrusted the editorship to
Justin Kaplan, whose life of Mark Twain"Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain" had won the Pulitzer Prize in 1967. Kaplan brought out the sixteenth edition in 1993 to a firestorm of controversy, thanks to his public comments that "I'm not going to disguise the fact that I despise Ronald Reagan" and had deliberately shortchanged him. Reagan's entry contained only three quotations, all intended to make Mr. Reagan look ridiculous, according to critics.
Kaplan also failed to include the most famous Reagan line ("Mr. Gorbachev,
tear down this wall"). Democratic presidents fared much better under Kaplan than Republicans, Franklin D. Roosevelt having 35 entries and John F. Kennedyhaving 28. Jonathan Siegel, who edited the "Macmillian Book of Political Quotations", said Kaplan was "an insult to the memory of John Bartlett and the ideologically inclusive spirit of the first fifteen editions."
Kaplan was also criticized for including material that some considered neither "familiar" nor quotable, including
pop culturequotes that some thought were not worthy of inclusion. The same criticisms would be leveled against the seventeenth edition (2003), which included entries for the first time from J.K. Rowling, Jerry Seinfeld, and Larry David. The seventeenth edition did include more Reagan material, and Kaplan told " USA Today" after its publication "I admit I was carried away by prejudice. Mischievously I did him dirty."
"In addition to the prefaces of various editions of" Bartlett's, "the following sources were useful":
*Aram Bakshian, Jr. "Bartlett's familiar quotas". "
National Review". v. 45, n. 22. November 15, 1993. 60–61.
*"Bartlett's selective memory". "Alberta Report". v. 21, n. 3.
January 3, 1994. 15.
*Caroline Benham. "Cuts from 'Bartlett's Familiar Quotations'. "
USA Today". October 17, 2002.
James Gleick. " [http://www.around.com/bartletts.html Bartlett Updated] ". " New York TimesBook Review". August 8, 1993. 3.
*Roger Kimball. "You Can Look It Up". "
Wall Street Journal". October 18, 2002.
*Douglas Martin. "Emily Morison Beck, 88, Dies, Edited Bartlett's Quotations". "
New York Times". March 31, 2004. C13.
*Adam Meyerson. "Editing History". "
Reader's Digest". v. 144, issue 863. March 1994. 104.
*Adam Meyerson. "Mr. Kaplan, Tear Down This Wall". "Policy Review". Fall 1993. Issue 66. 4+.
*Robin Roger. "Up to the minute". "Commentary". v. 95, n. 5. May 1993. 56–58.
The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations
The Yale Book of Quotations
* [http://www.bartleby.com/100/ Bartleby's online copy of the 1919 edition]
* [http://www.rocktations.com Quotations from Rock 'n Roll] A twist on Bartlett's quotations with modern Rock and Roll lyrics submitted by members
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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Bartlett's Familiar Quotations — Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations [Bartletts Familiar Quotations] a popular US book of ↑quotations (= passages from books, poems, plays, etc). It was first published in 1855 by John Bartlett (1820–1905) and now contains more than 22 000 ↑quotations … Useful english dictionary
Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations — a popular US book of quotations (= passages from books, poems, plays, etc). It was first published in 1855 by John Bartlett (1820–1905) and now contains more than 22 000 quotations. * * * … Universalium
Bartlett — or Bartlet may refer to: Places United States* Bartlett, Illinois ** Bartlett (Metra), commuter railroad station in Bartlett, Illinois * Bartlett, Kansas * Bartlett, Nebraska * Bartlett, New Hampshire * Bartlett, Ohio * Bartlett, Tennessee *… … Wikipedia
Bartlett's quotations — American bookstores are blessed with many excellent quotation books, but one has been outstanding since its publication in 1855. This book, Bartlett s Familiar Quotations, has been a bedrock source of information for writers, speakers, and… … Dictionary of eponyms
Bartlett,John — Bartlett, John. 1820 1905. American publisher and editor who compiled Familiar Quotations (1855) and a Shakespearean concordance (1894). * * * … Universalium
Bartlett, John — born June 14, 1820, Plymouth, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 3, 1905, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. bookseller and editor. Bartlett was an employee and then owner of the Harvard University Bookstore. In 1855 he published the work for which he is best known,… … Universalium
Bartlett — /bahrt lit/, n. Hort. a large, yellow, juicy variety of pear. Also called Bartlett pear. [1825 35, Amer.; so named by Enoch Bartlett of Dorchester, Mass.] /bahrt lit/, n. 1. John, 1820 1905, U.S. publisher: compiled Familiar Quotations. 2. John… … Universalium
Bartlett — noun 1. United States explorer who accompanied Peary s expedition to the North Pole and who led many other Arctic trips (1875 1946) • Syn: ↑Robert Bartlett, ↑Robert Abram Bartlett, ↑Captain Bob • Instance Hypernyms: ↑explorer, ↑adventurer 2.… … Useful english dictionary
Bartlett, John — (14 jun. 1820, Plymouth, Mass., EE.UU.–3 dic. 1905, Cambridge, Mass.). Librero y editor estadounidense. Bartlett fue empleado y después dueño de la Librería de la Universidad de Harvard. En 1855 publicó su obra más conocida, Familiar Quotations… … Enciclopedia Universal
The Yale Book of Quotations — is a quotations collection noted for its focus on modern and American quotations and for its high level of scholarship and reliability. Edited by Fred R. Shapiro, it was published by Yale University Press in 2006 with a foreword by Joseph Epstein … Wikipedia