- Bargil Pixner
name = Bargil Pixner
birth_date = birth date|1921|3|23|mf=y
death_date = death date|2002|5|5|mf=y
Bargil Pixner (March 23, 1921—April 5, 2002) was an Italian
Benedictinemonk, Biblical scholar and archaeologist, and Benedictine authority on the Dead Sea scrolls. [Laub, Karin. 1999, September 27. " [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/aponline/19990927/aponline195514_000.htm Scroll Said Resembles Sea Scrolls] ." "Associated Press".]
Pixner was born in 1921, the first of eight children, in
Untermais, South Tyrol, which had become part of Italyduring World War I. He started his study of theology in 1940 in Brixenand joined the Mill Hill Missionary Fathers' Tyrolean branch in 1941.
Pixner was ordained priest in 1946 in Brixen, immediately prior to leaving for missionary work in the
Philippines, where he headed a leprosycenter in Santa Barbara, Iloilofor the next eight years. He later worked in France, Italy, and the United States, becoming a US citizen.
In May 1969, Pixner moved to
Israel, co-founding Neve Shalom, a peace village, located near the biblical Emmaus, and entered the Order of Saint Benedictin 1972, taking his final vows at the Hagia Maria Sion Abbeyin Jerusalemin 1974. Pixner spent the next twelve years organizing the construction of an affiliated abbey at Tabghabefore returning to Hagia Maria Sion Abbey in 1994 and then serving as a prior. Pixner gave tours of the Holy Landto famous pilgrims such as Jimmy Carterand Helmut Kohl.Corley, Felix. 2002, May 17. " [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20020517/ai_n12617586 Obituary: Fr Bargil Pixner] ." "The Independent".]
Pixner's theories, linking archaeological sites to events and figures in the
Bible, have been met with mixed acceptance by scholars. In particular, he argued for a connection between Jesusand the Essenesand for the identification of the "Essene Gateway" (excavated beginning in 1977) on Mount Zion, [Pixner, Bargil. 1997, May/June. " [http://www.centuryone.org/essene.html Jerusalem's Essene Gateway: Where the Community Lived in Jesus' Time] ." "Biblical Archaeological Review" 23 (3): 22-31.] and the dating of the crucifixion to Friday April 11 30.
Pixner also identified a site on the north shore of the
Sea of Galileeas the site of Bethsaidain a 1985 article, [Pixner, Bargil 1985, December. "The Miracle Church at Tabgha on the Sea of Galilee." "Biblical Archaeologist" 48 (4): 196-206] an identification which the State of Israel made official in 1989 after excavations in 1987. Pixner showed the site to Pope John Paul IIin March 2000, declaring a key excavated from the site to be the "key to the first Vatican." The tellhad previously been dismissed by William F. Albrightin the 1930s as a potential site for Bethsaida, but Pixner discovered Hellenistic and Roman artifacts while walking through Syrian trenches after the Six-Day War. [Shapiro, Haim. 1998, May 14. "Where 'he walked upon the water.'" "The Jerusalem Post".]
*1992. "With Jesus Through Galilee: According to the Fifth Gospel". Corazin Publishing. ISBN 0814624278.
*1996. "With Jesus In Jerusalem: His First and Last Days in Judea". Corazin Publishing. ISBN 9654340046.
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