- Robert of Bath
name =Robert of Bath
Diocese of Bath and Wells
Bishop of Bath and Wells
Period = 1136–1166
Predecessor = Godfrey
Reginald fitz Jocelin
post =monk of
Possibly Prior of Winchester
date of birth =
place of birth =England
date of death =31 August 1166
place of death =
Robert or sometimes Robert of Lewes was a medieval Bishop of Bath.
He was a
CluniacBartlett "England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings" p. 400-401] and a monk of Lewes Prioryand a protege of Henry of Bloiswho employed him at Glastonbury Abbeyon administrative tasks. [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=34341 British History Online Bishops of Bath and Wells] accessed on 23 September 2007] He was a native of England, but his ancestry was Flemish, probably of noble birth. Ramsey "Lewes, Robert of (d. 1166)" "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography" [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/50341 Online Edition] accessed 15 November 2007] He may have been the priorof Winchesterbut there is no certain evidence of this, as it is based on an appearance of a "Robert, prior of Winchester" on the 1130 Pipe Roll, and a 15th century historian. He was named Bishop of Bath through the influence of Henry of Blois,Crouch "Reign of King Stephen" p. 46] and was consecrated probably in March of 1136.Fryde "Handbook of British Chronology" p. 228]
He was instrumental in reorganizing his diocese as well as building and restoring at Wells. He was the bishop that organized the
archdeaconsof the diocese on a territorial basis. He was considered pious as well as a man of business.Barlow "The English Church 1066-1154" p. 92-93] He also built at Bath, and gave boroughstatus to the town of Wells.
In 1138, during
Robert of Gloucester's rising against King Stephen of England, the bishop was in charge of the defenses of Bath. He captured Geoffrey Talbot, who was a supporter of Robert of Gloucester's, but when he went out to parley with another group of Gloucester's supporters, the bishop was captured even though he had been offered a safe conduct for the parley. The bishop was then exchanged for Geoffrey Talbot.Appleby "The Troubled Reign of King Stephen" p. 50] In 1141 he was at the gathering where Henry of Blois changed allegiance to the Empress Matildaat Winchester.Davis "King Stephen" p. 52] Appleby "The Troubled Reign of King Stephen" p. 98]
He died 31 August 1166 and was buried in
Bath Cathedralbefore the high altar. He may have been the author of the "Gesta Stephani",Huscroft "Ruling England" p. 200] Bartlett "England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings" p. 99] an identification first made by the historian R. H. C. Davis in 1962. While it is not certain that Robert was the author, the outlook of the work certainly fits with the known outlook of Robert.
* Appleby, John T. "The Troubled Reign of King Stephen 1135-1154" New York:Barnes & Noble 1969 reprint 1995 ISBN 1-56619-848-8
* Barlow, Frank "The English Church 1066-1154" London:Longman 1979 ISBN 0-582-50236-5
* Bartlett, Robert "England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings: 1075-1225" Oxford:Clarendon Press 2000 ISBN 0-19-822741-8
* [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=34341 British History Online Bishops of Bath and Wells] accessed on 23 September 2007
* Crouch, David "The Reign of King Stephen: 1135-1154" Harlow, Essex: Longman Pearson 2000 ISBN 0-582-22657-0
* Davis, R. H. C. "King Stephen 1135-1154" Third Edition London:Longman 1990 ISBN 0-582-04000-0
* Huscroft, Richard "Ruling England 1042-1217" London: Pearson Longman 2005 ISBN 0-582-84882-2
* Ramsey, Frances "Lewes, Robert of (d. 1166)" "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography" Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/50341 Online Edition] accessed 15 November 2007.
* Frances Ramsey, "Robert of Lewes, Bishop of Bath 1136-1166: A Cluniac Bishop in his Diocese," in "Belief and Culture in the Middle Ages: Studies Presented to Henry Mayr-Harting". Eds. Henry Mayr-Harting, Henrietta Leyser and Richard Gameson (Oxford, OUP, 2001), pp.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Robert of Bath; Robert of Lewes
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Bishop of Wells
DATE OF BIRTH=
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=31 August 1166
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bath, Somerset — Coordinates: 51°23′N 2°22′W / … Wikipedia
Bath Iron Works — (BIW) is a shipyard located on the Kennebec River in Bath, Maine. Since its foundation in 1884 by Thomas W. Hyde, Bath Iron Works has built private, commercial and military vessels. Its largest customer has historically been the United States… … Wikipedia
Robert Baden-Powell — Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden Powell, 1. Baron Baden Powell OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB (* 22. Februar 1857 in London; † 8. Januar 1941 in Nyeri … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bath — /bath, bahth/, n. 1. a city in Avon, in SW England: mineral springs. 84,300. 2. a seaport in SW Maine. 10,246. * * * City (pop., 1995 est.: 84,000), southwestern England. Situated on the River Avon, it was founded as Aquae Sulis by the Romans,… … Universalium
Robert Holmes (Admiral) — Robert Holmes (rechts) mit seinem Freund Sir Frescheville Holles Sir Robert Holmes (* um 1622 in Mallow; † 18. November 1692) war ein englischer Admiral der königlichen Marine zur Zeit der Stuart Restauration. Er nahm am zweiten und dritten… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bath and Wells — • Ancient diocese coextensive with the county of Somerset, England Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bath and Wells Bath and Wells … Catholic encyclopedia
Robert Campbell (US-amerikanischer Politiker) — Robert Campbell (* 1. Mai 1808 in Bath, Steuben County, New York; † 16. Juli 1870 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Rechtsanwalt und Politiker. Er war der Sohn von Robert Campbell († 1849), der 1794 von Glasgow (Schottland) in die Vereinigten… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Henry Sale — Sir Robert Henry Sale, GCB (* 19. September 1782; † 21. Dezember 1845 bei Mudki, Indien) auch Fighting Bob genannt, war ein britischer General und führte die Verteidigung von Dschalalabad im Ersten Anglo Afghanischen Krieg. Leben … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Campbell (politician) — Robert Campbell (May 1, 1808 Bath, Steuben County, New York July 16, 1870 Bath, Steuben County, New York) was an American politician. LifeHe was the son of Robert Campbell (d. 1849) who came from Glasgow, Scotland, to the United States and… … Wikipedia
Robert Gordon University — Motto Omni Nunc Arte Magistra Motto in English Now by all your mastered arts... Established 1992 (Origins 1720) … Wikipedia