- Lingnan University (Guangzhou)
Lingnan University (嶺南大學) in
Guangzhou, China, was a private universityestablished by a group of American missionaries in 1888. It was originally named Canton Christian College (格致書院). In 1903, the Chinese name was changed to 嶺南學堂 in Macau. In 1916, the Chinese name was changed again, to 嶺南大學, as the college expanded to become a university. In 1927, management of the university passed into Chinese hands, and the English name was changed to Lingnan University, the translation of the school's Chinese name. Dr. Chung Wing Kwongbecame the first Chinese principal of the University. In 1930s, Lingnan became a globally recognized institution. A branch in Hainan with an emphasis on agricultural studies was founded in 1933.
The university relocated several times during its existence. It moved to
Macauin 1900 to escape the repressive measures implemented by the Qing Dynasty, then back to Guangzhou in 1904. During the 1930s and 40s, the university was forced to move several times as Japanese armies advanced across China. In 1937, it relocated to Hong Kongas the Japanese occupied Canton, and in 1942, to Shaoguanin northern Guangdong, as the Japanese occupied Hong Kong. After World War II, the university was finally able to return to Guangzhou.
In 1953, Lingnan University was incorporated into
Sun Yat-sen University. Members of the university who fled from communist rule to Hong Kongfounded Lingnan Collegein Hong Kongto continue the spirit of the university in 1967. The college became Lingnan University in 1999.
Wing-tsit Chan, eminent Chinese philosopher and academic
Wong Shik Ling, a linguist in Cantonese language
List of universities in Mainland China
* [http://www.lingnan.net/english/ Sun Yat-sen University Lingnan (University) College]
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