- Lu (state)
Lu (zh-tsp|t=魯|s=鲁|p=Lǔ) was an ancient state in
Chinaduring the Spring and Autumn Period. Founded in the 10th century BC, its dukes used Ji as their family name. The first duke was Ji Boqin, son of Ji Dan, the then Prime Ministerof Zhou. The state's capital was in Qufuand its territory mainly covered the central and southwest regions of what is now ShandongProvince. It was bordered to the north by the powerful state of Qi and to the south by the powerful state of Chu. Although a Qi invasion was defeated in the Battle of Changshaoin 684 BC, the state was in decline during the Spring and Autumn Period. The political power of Lu was eventually split between the three powerful landlords Jisun, Mengsun and Shusun. Lu was annexed in 256 BCby the state of Chu.
Lu was the home state of
Confucius. The " Annals of Spring and Autumn" was written to record the history of Lu. Another great work of Chinese history, Zuo Zhuanor "Annals of Zuo" was also written in Lu.
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