- State Street (Chicago)
highway_name = State Street
alternate_name = 0 East/West
direction = North-South
starting_terminus = North Ave (1600 N)
ending_terminus = 127th Street (12700 S)
cities = Chicago
State Street is a major north-south thoroughfare in Chicago,
Illinois, USA. It begins on the Near North Side at North Avenue. For much of its course, it lies between Wabash Avenue on the east and Dearborn Street/Lafayette Avenue on the west. It runs through the heart of Downtown Chicago and ends at the southern city limits, intersecting 127th Street along the bank of the Little Calumet River. Its intersection with Madison Street (coord|41.88206|N|87.6278|W) marks the base point for Chicago's address system.
Originally known as State Road, it was the main route south through
Illinois. In its early days, it was unpaved and known for having mud so deep it could allegedly suck down a horse and buggy. In the late 1860s, Potter Palmerdecided to improve State Street by moving the Field, Leiter & Co. store in 1868 and building his own Palmer Househotel on State Street in 1870. The historic Chicago Theatreis also located on State Street. Columbia College Chicagois also located on State Street.
tate Street shopping
State Street became a shopping destination during the 1900s and is referred to in the song "Chicago", sung by
Frank Sinatrawhere Frank refers it to "State Street, that Great Street." In 1979, Mayor Jane Byrneconverted the downtown portion into a pedestrian mallwith only bus traffic allowed. Mayor Richard M. Daleyoversaw the State Street Revitalization Project and on November 15, 1996, the street was reopened to traffic.
During the 20th century, State Street was largely eclipsed by Michigan Avenue's
Magnificent Mileshopping district. Various projects to restore State Street's glory have been met with some success, and the State Street corridor is gaining residential as well as more traditional commercial development. Today, the only two main department store chains that remain are Macy's(formerly Marshall Field's) and Searson State. The department store chain Carson Pirie Scottclosed their flagship store on State Street on February 21, 2007after over 100 years on business in that location.
The Red Line subway of the
Chicago Transit Authorityruns under State Street in the downtown loop area on its path from the Howard Street station to the 95th/Dan Ryan station, and back. Additionally, the section south from the Chicago Skywayto the 95th/Dan Ryan Terminal, runs 1/2 block west of State within the Dan Ryan's median.
In April 2006,
WLS-TV(ABC7) unveiled a new street-level news studio, giving Chicagoans walking by on State Street a direct view of the anchor desk, just as the broadcast cameras see it. [http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=stationinfo&id=4053703]
The bridge where State Street crosses the
Chicago Riveris named the Bataan-Corregidor Memorial Bridge in honor of the World War IIdefenders of Bataan and Corregidor including those in the Bataan Death March.
* "Streetwise Chicago" by Don Hayner & Tom McNamee ISBN 0-8294-0596-8
* [http://www.chipublib.org/004chicago/chihist.html Chicago Public Library]
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