State Street (Chicago)


State Street (Chicago)

Infobox_road
highway_name = State Street
marker_

alternate_name = 0 East/West
length =
direction = North-South
starting_terminus = North Ave (1600 N)
ending_terminus = 127th Street (12700 S)
cities = Chicago
established =
system =

State Street is a major north-south thoroughfare in Chicago, Illinois, USA. It begins on the Near North Side at North Avenue. For much of its course, it lies between Wabash Avenue on the east and Dearborn Street/Lafayette Avenue on the west. It runs through the heart of Downtown Chicago and ends at the southern city limits, intersecting 127th Street along the bank of the Little Calumet River. Its intersection with Madison Street (coord|41.88206|N|87.6278|W) marks the base point for Chicago's address system.

History

Originally known as State Road, it was the main route south through Illinois. In its early days, it was unpaved and known for having mud so deep it could allegedly suck down a horse and buggy. In the late 1860s, Potter Palmer decided to improve State Street by moving the Field, Leiter & Co. store in 1868 and building his own Palmer House hotel on State Street in 1870. The historic Chicago Theatre is also located on State Street. Columbia College Chicago is also located on State Street.

tate Street shopping

State Street became a shopping destination during the 1900s and is referred to in the song "Chicago", sung by Frank Sinatra where Frank refers it to "State Street, that Great Street." In 1979, Mayor Jane Byrne converted the downtown portion into a pedestrian mall with only bus traffic allowed. Mayor Richard M. Daley oversaw the State Street Revitalization Project and on November 15, 1996, the street was reopened to traffic.

During the 20th century, State Street was largely eclipsed by Michigan Avenue's Magnificent Mile shopping district. Various projects to restore State Street's glory have been met with some success, and the State Street corridor is gaining residential as well as more traditional commercial development. Today, the only two main department store chains that remain are Macy's (formerly Marshall Field's) and Sears on State. The department store chain Carson Pirie Scott closed their flagship store on State Street on February 21, 2007 after over 100 years on business in that location.

Transport

The Red Line subway of the Chicago Transit Authority runs under State Street in the downtown loop area on its path from the Howard Street station to the 95th/Dan Ryan station, and back. Additionally, the section south from the Chicago Skyway to the 95th/Dan Ryan Terminal, runs 1/2 block west of State within the Dan Ryan's median.

Locations

In April 2006, WLS-TV (ABC7) unveiled a new street-level news studio, giving Chicagoans walking by on State Street a direct view of the anchor desk, just as the broadcast cameras see it. [http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=stationinfo&id=4053703]

Memorial

The bridge where State Street crosses the Chicago River is named the Bataan-Corregidor Memorial Bridge in honor of the World War II defenders of Bataan and Corregidor including those in the Bataan Death March.

Sources

* "Streetwise Chicago" by Don Hayner & Tom McNamee ISBN 0-8294-0596-8
* [http://www.chipublib.org/004chicago/chihist.html Chicago Public Library]


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