Botwood, Newfoundland and Labrador


Botwood, Newfoundland and Labrador

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Botwood
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
settlement_type = Town
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption = The newly constructed Botwood Railway, ca. 1908.


flag_size =
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seal_size =
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city_logo =
citylogo_size =
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pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_map_caption = Location of Botwood in Newfoundland
pushpin_mapsize =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = NL
subdivision_type3 = Census division
subdivision_name3 = 6
established_title =
established_date =
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
government_type =
government_footnotes =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_total_km2 = 15.05
area_land_sq_mi =
area_land_km2 =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_km2 =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_km2 =
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population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_footnotes =
population_total = 3,052
population_urban =
population_metro =
population_density_sq_mi =
population_density_km2 = 202.8
timezone = Newfoundland Time
utc_offset = -3:30
timezone_DST = Newfoundland Daylight
utc_offset_DST = -2:30
latd = 49
latm = 09
lats = 00
latNS = N
longd = 55
longm = 22
longs = 00
longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_ft =
elevation_m = 41
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code = A0H
area_code = 709
blank_name =
blank_info =
website = http://www.town.botwood.nl.ca
footnotes =
Botwood is a town in north-central Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It is in Division No. 6, in the Bay of Exploits. A seaport acts as the community's chief employer, exporting news print for Abitibi Consolidated. Oil products such as gasoline, asphalt, and heating oil are imported and stored in large tanks throughout the community. Self-unloading bulk carriers also deliver road salt to Botwood for use on Newfoundland's highway system in the winter months. The Canadian Coast Guard has several ships stationed at Botwood ("CCGS Terry Fox", "Henry Larsen", "Ann Harvey", and the "Des Groseilliers") to aid in search-and-rescue and ice breaking.

History

In 1908 construction began on the Botwood Railway, running between Grand Falls and Botwood. It was a joint effort between the A.N.D. Company and the A. E. Reed Company of Bishop's Falls. It was to be the transportation link for the export of pulp and paper from the newly built mill at Grand Falls. The railway became operational by the fall of 1909, and the first shipment of paper from the new mill was sent in February of 1910. The A.N.D. Company took control of the railway operation in 1910, just a year after the line was completed.

The first aircraft facilities to be established in Botwood was by Newfoundland born Captain Sydney Bennett (1897 - 1945) and Australian-born Major Sidney Cotton (1894 - 1969). It became host to many dignitaries and celebrities, some as part of official delegations and others who were stalled there waiting out inclement flying weather. Among those were Charles Lindbergh and his wife Anne Morrow Lindbergh in 1933. Both Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Winston Churchill overnighted at Botwood. Bob Hope and his troupe were stormbound there in 1943 and performed for the RCAF Coastal Command.

From 1937 to 1945, both Pan Am and the British Overseas Airways Corporation used Botwood as a terminal for their Atlantic Crossings. On June 27, 1939 the "Yankee Clipper" left Botwood for the first Trans-Atlantic Passenger flight to Foynes, Ireland.

From the outbreak of World War II, 1940-1945, the Royal Canadian Air Force changed Botwood into a patrolling and bombing seaplane base, home to two squadrons of PBY Canso flying boats equipped with torpedoes and depth charges. A large concrete slipway, two hangars, a tarmac and four bunkers were constructed. The Canadian Army was garrisoned in the town, the army built barracks, a water system, and a full scale military hospital. The army was responsible for the manning of gun batteries at Philip's Head and Wiseman's Cove that protected the entrance to Botwood Harbor with 14" guns, as well as numerous anti-aircraft batteries throughout the community. At the war's end Botwood had been home to some 10,000 Canadian and British personnel and had become Canada's most important over-seas base.

In 1942, 11 United States military personnel died when their Sikorsky VS-44 flying boat, the "Excalibur", crashed and sank in the Bay of Exploits shortly after takeoff from Botwood.

Population

According to the Canada 2006 Census: [ [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?B1=All&Code1=1006022&Code2=10&Custom=&Data=Count&Geo1=CSD&Geo2=PR&Lang=E&SearchPR=01&SearchText=Botwood&SearchType=Begins Population and dwelling counts] ]
*Population: 3,052
*% Change (2001-2006): -5.2
*Dwellings: 1,305
*Area (km².): 15.05
*Density (persons per km².): 202.8

Northwest: Point LeamingtonNorth: Northern ArmNortheast: Bay of Exploits, Burnt Arm, Laurenceton
West: Division No. 6, Subd. CBotwoodEast: Bay of Exploits, Division No. 6, Subd. A
Southwest: Bishop's Falls, Grand Falls-WindsorSouth: Peterview, Division No. 6, Subd. DSoutheast: Bay of Exploits, Norris Arm

ee also

* List of cities and towns in Newfoundland and Labrador

References

External links

* [http://www.virtualmuseum.ca/CommunityMemories/AAII/00ba/Exhibits/English/ Botwood - History of an Airport]
* [http://www.transatlanticflightpby.com/ Transatlantic Re-enactment Flight]
* [http://town.botwood.nl.ca/ Welcome to the Town of Botwood]


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